Sovereign 2020 Spade Guinea, Coin from Saint Helena - detailed information

Sovereign 2020 Spade Guinea, Coin from Saint Helena
CoinSovereign 2020 Spade Guinea

The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. Struck from 1817 until the present time, it was originally a circulating coin (see pre-decimal Sovereign) accepted in Britain and elsewhere in the world; it is now a bullion coin not intended for circulation, the intrinsic value of which is much higher than its face value. There are several denominations of the Sovereign: Five Sovereigns (Quintuple Sovereign, five pounds gold), Double Sovereign, Full Sovereign, Half Sovereign and Quarter Sovereign; the current sovereign - with face value of £1 is a continuation of the pre-decimal sovereign, and has been issued as a decimal coin since 1974.

Apart from the sovereigns of the United Kingdom, the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha has also authorised some mints to issue sovereigns under its jurisdiction. These are denominated in Saint Helena Pounds - the local variation of the Pound Sterling. Following long-standing tradition, this type of coin has never had its value and denomination spelled out anywhere on the coin.

This coin is part of the 2020 series of five sovereign denominations which features five different designs dedicated to King George III.

The Mint says about it:
King George III ascended the British throne in 1760 and was to become England’s longest-ruling monarch until his granddaughter Queen Victoria. During his 59-year reign he presided over victory in the Seven Years’ War, a successful resistance to the threat of a Revolutionary and Napoleonic France and most famously the loss of the American Revolution. His reign saw the acquisition of Australia and New Zealand to the British Empire, the abolition of the Slave Trade throughout British colonies and the uniting of Great Britain and Ireland by the Act of Union creating a new "United Kingdom".

A devoted family man, King George III was conscientious and well educated with a keen interest in science and the arts. Commemorating one of Britain’s most famous and controversial monarchs on the 200th anniversary of the end of his reign in 1820, this series of five 2020 Sovereign denominations promises to be one of the most faithful and unique tributes to his reign celebrating some of his most exceptional coin designs and exploring the fascinating stories behind them.

First seen on one Guinea gold coins in 1787, this unencumbered motif was the work of Lewis Pingo (1743 - 1830) whose design features a simple crowned shield of the Royal Arms. The reference of a “spade” Guinea is attributed to the shape of the crest - it may also reference the nickname of King George III who was colloquially known in his day as “the Farmer King”. The shield is divided in four quarters, each quadrant includes representation for England and Scotland, France, Ireland and the German possessions of the Hanoverian dynasty. The last Spade Guineas were minted in 1799, with the very last gold one Guinea coins being minted in 1813.

MintEast India Company (modern) Mint MarkEIC Total Mintage2,420
Obverse
Saint Helena / Sovereign 2020 Spade Guinea - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin depicts the crowned old bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the Royal Diamond Diadem crown worn for her Coronation (effigy known as the "Fifth Portrait" worldwide but "Sixth Portrait" in Australia, where the Queen's portrait by Vladimir Gottwald was fifth).

The Queen also wears the Coronation Necklace; originally made for Queen Victoria in 1858, it was also worn at the coronations (as Queen's Consort) of Queen Alexandra in 1902, Queen Mary in 1911 and Queen Elizabeth (the Queen mother) in 1937.

Unlike on British coinage, the effigy is "uncouped" (includes the Queen's shoulders). The artist's initials JC (for Jody Clark) are in tiny letters below left, above the Queen's shoulder.

Running continuously around the rim is the monarch's legend: ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA ·. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith, Saint Helena.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA ·
Reverse
Saint Helena / Sovereign 2020 Spade Guinea - reverse photo

At its centre, the reverse of the coin shows the Shield of the Royal Coat of Arms of King George I, current from 1714 and into the reign of king George III. It reflects the union of the crowns of England and Scotland - represented by the three lions of England and the lion of Scotland in the top left quarter, the King's claim to the throne of France - represented by the fleur-de-lis (three lilies) top right, his capacity of King of Ireland represented by the harp of Ireland in the bottom left quarter, and the merger of the House of Hanover (of which George III was Elector as Georg III. Wilhelm Friedrich) with the British crown, represented by the Coat of Arms of the House of Hanover in the bottom right corner (featuring the white horse of Hanover as the primary element among three other elements marking the monarchs lands in Brunswick and Luneburg, with the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire).

The shield is crowned with St Edward's Crown, and has a narrowing shape which resembles the head of a spade, giving the coin its nickname, the Spade Guinea.

Around the rim, the Royal motto · HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · (translated from Old French: May he be shamed who thinks badly of it), and the date of issue 2020.

Reverse Inscription · HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · 2020
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Finish: proof.
Packaging: in presentation box with Certificate of Authenticity (1,820 coins), or in sets (600 coins).
East India Company SKU: SH20SOV
Issue price: £695.00

Issued in Set
The 2020 Sovereign Gold Proof Five Coin Set, mintage 100
5 coins: Five Sovereigns 2020 (Saint George), Double Sovereign 2020 (Spanish Dollar), Full Sovereign 2020 (Spade Guinea), Half Sovereign 2020 (Half Crown), Quarter Sovereign 2020 (Dorrien and Magens Shilling)
The 2020 Sovereign Gold Proof Three Coin Set, mintage 500
3 coins: Full Sovereign 2020 (Spade Guinea), Half Sovereign 2020 (Half Crown), Quarter Sovereign 2020 (Dorrien and Magens Shilling)
See also

Saint Helena coins with historic Guinea designs include:
- 8.4 g Gold Proof, Military Guinea 2020
- Sovereign, Gold Proof, Spade Guinea 2020
- 1/4 oz Gold Bullion, Rose Crown Guinea 2018
- 1/4 oz Gold Bullion, Rose Crown Guinea 2020
- 4.2 g Gold Proof, Spade Half Guinea 2020
- 2.1 g Gold Proof, Rose Crown Quarter Guinea 2020
- 1.25 oz Silver Bullion, Rose Crown Guinea 2018
- 1.25 oz Silver Bullion, Rose Crown Guinea 2020
- 1.25 oz Silver Bullion, Rose Crown Guinea 2021
- 1 oz Silver Bullion, Spade Guinea 2018
- 1 oz Silver Bullion, Spade Guinea 2019

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Sovereign 2020 Spade Guinea: Details
CountrySaint Helena
CurrencySaint Helena Pound
Coin TypeSovereign
Issued2020
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Portrait by Jody Clark (Uncouped version)
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Total Mintage2,420
CurrentYes
Material0.9167 Gold
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size22.050 mm
Mass7.980 g
OCC IDNXYD-ONZC-QBLM-OVRB
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Sovereign 2020 Spade Guinea: Photos
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Coin, Saint Helena, Sovereign 2020
Copyright: The East India Company
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Coin, Saint Helena, Sovereign 2020
Copyright: The East India Company
Source
Coin, Saint Helena, Sovereign 2020
Copyright: The East India Company
Source