Half Sovereign 2020 Half Crown, Coin from Saint Helena - detailed information

Half Sovereign 2020 Half Crown, Coin from Saint Helena
CoinHalf Sovereign 2020 Half Crown

The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. Struck from 1817 until the present time, it was originally a circulating coin (see pre-decimal Sovereign) accepted in Britain and elsewhere in the world; it is now a bullion coin not intended for circulation, the intrinsic value of which is much higher than its face value. There are several denominations of the Sovereign: Five Sovereigns (Quintuple Sovereign, five pounds gold), Double Sovereign, Full Sovereign, Half Sovereign and Quarter Sovereign; the current sovereign - with face value of 50 pence is a continuation of the pre-decimal half sovereign, and has been issued as a decimal coin since 1980.

Apart from the sovereigns of the United Kingdom, the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha has also authorised some mints to issue half sovereigns under its jurisdiction. These are denominated in Saint Helena Pounds - the local variation of the Pound Sterling. Following long-standing tradition, this type of coin has never had its value and denomination spelled out anywhere on the coin.

This coin is part of the 2020 series of five sovereign denominations which features five different designs dedicated to King George III.

The Mint says about this coin:
King George III ascended the British throne in 1760 and was to become England’s longest-ruling monarch until his granddaughter Queen Victoria. During his 59-year reign he presided over victory in the Seven Years’ War, a successful resistance to the threat of a Revolutionary and Napoleonic France and most famously the loss of the American Revolution. His reign saw the acquisition of Australia and New Zealand to the British Empire, the abolition of the Slave Trade throughout British colonies and the uniting of Great Britain and Ireland by the Act of Union creating a new "United Kingdom".

A devoted family man, King George III was conscientious and well educated with a keen interest in science and the arts. Commemorating one of Britain’s most famous and controversial monarchs on the 200th anniversary of the end of his reign in 1820, this series of five 2020 Sovereign denominations promises to be one of the most faithful and unique tributes to his reign celebrating some of his most exceptional coin designs and exploring the fascinating stories behind them.

The half sovereign design is inspired by the 1817 silver half crown. This was the first crown coin to be issued after the Coinage Act of 1816.

MintEast India Company (modern) Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage600
Obverse
Saint Helena / Half Sovereign 2020 Half Crown - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin depicts the crowned old bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the Royal Diamond Diadem crown worn for her Coronation (effigy known as the "Fifth Portrait" worldwide but "Sixth Portrait" in Australia, where the Queen's portrait by Vladimir Gottwald was fifth).

The Queen also wears the Coronation Necklace; originally made for Queen Victoria in 1858, it was also worn at the coronations (as Queen's Consort) of Queen Alexandra in 1902, Queen Mary in 1911 and Queen Elizabeth (the Queen mother) in 1937.

Unlike on British coinage, the effigy is "uncouped" (includes the Queen's shoulders). The artist's initials JC (for Jody Clark) are in tiny letters below left, above the Queen's shoulder.

Running continuously around the rim is the monarch's legend: ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA ·. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith, Saint Helena.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA ·
Reverse
Saint Helena / Half Sovereign 2020 Half Crown - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (as of 1817), within the Garter of the Order of the Garter.

The shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England; in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure flory-counterflory of Scotland; and in the third, a harp for Ireland. At centre, an escutcheon of the arms of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover), of which King George III was Elector as Georg III. Wilhelm Friedrich, and later king when it was elevated to a kingdom; the shield is crowned with the Crown of Charlemagne - reflecting the King's role as Arch-Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire.

The crown on top is St Edward's Crown, named after Saint Edward the Confessor, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century, with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911 so King George III was not himself crowned with it.

Around the rim, the royal motto HONI · SOIT · QUI MAL · Y · PENSE; this is an Anglo-Norman maxim which means "Shame on whosoever would think badly of it," or "May he be shamed who thinks badly of it". Its literal translation from Old French is "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it".

Reverse Inscription HONI · SOIT · QUI MAL · Y · PENSE
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Finish: proof.
Available in sets only.

Issued in Set
The 2020 Sovereign Gold Proof Five Coin Set, mintage 100
5 coins: Five Sovereigns 2020 (Saint George), Double Sovereign 2020 (Spanish Dollar), Full Sovereign 2020 (Spade Guinea), Half Sovereign 2020 (Half Crown), Quarter Sovereign 2020 (Dorrien and Magens Shilling)
The 2020 Sovereign Gold Proof Three Coin Set, mintage 500
3 coins: Full Sovereign 2020 (Spade Guinea), Half Sovereign 2020 (Half Crown), Quarter Sovereign 2020 (Dorrien and Magens Shilling)
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Half Sovereign 2020 Half Crown: Details
CountrySaint Helena
CurrencySaint Helena Pound
Coin TypeHalf Sovereign
Issued2020
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Portrait by Jody Clark (Uncouped version)
ReverseRoyal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Face Value1/2 (x Pound)
Total Mintage600
CurrentYes
Material0.9167 Gold
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size19.300 mm
Mass3.990 g
OCC IDAPVZ-OYRC-JKJJ-ELMD
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Half Sovereign 2020 Half Crown: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Saint Helena, Half Sovereign 2020
Copyright: The East India Company
Source
Coin, Saint Helena, Half Sovereign 2020
Copyright: The East India Company
Source