Information about legend: HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE

HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE (1348 - )
LegendHONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
Full textHONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
Translation

Translated from Old French: May he be shamed who thinks badly of it.

"Honi soit qui mal y pense" is an Old French maxim used as the motto of the British chivalric Order of the Garter (founded in 1348). It is translated as "May he be shamed who thinks badly of it" or "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it" or "Evil (or shame) be to him that evil thinks". Modern French spelling has changed honi to honni, but the motto has not been updated.

In English heraldry, the motto "Honi soit qui mal y pense" is used either as a stand-alone motto upon a motto scroll, or upon a circular representation of the Garter. This Garter has occasionally been displayed on coins of the United Kingdom since 1813. The motto is variously spelled as HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · (with separators) or HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE (no separators). On some coins part of the text is obscured by a crown intruding over the Garter.

For an order of the Kingdom of England to have a French rather than English motto was not unusual, given that Norman French was the primary language of the English Royal Court and ruling class following the rule of William the Conqueror of Normandy and later the Plantagenets. Another Old French phrase also appears on the the Royal Coat of Arms: Dieu et mon droit ("God and my right").

HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE - United Kingdom - Coins (35)
Coin NameMintageEffigy
Shilling 1816 unknown Small Head
Sixpence 1816 unknown Small Head
Sixpence 1817 10,921,680 Small Head
Sovereign 1817 3,235,239 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head)
Shilling 1817 23,031,360 Small Head
Shilling 1818 1,342,440 Small Head
Crown 1818 155,232 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head)
Sixpence 1818 4,284,720 Small Head
Sixpence 1819 4,712,400 Small Head
Shilling 1819 7,595,280 Small Head
Sovereign 1820 931,994 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head)
Sixpence 1820 1,488,960 Small Head
Shilling 1820 George III 7,975,440 Small Head
Crown 1820 448,272 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head)
Halfcrown 1823 Second Issue 2,003,760 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Shilling 1823 693,000 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Sixpence 1824 633,600 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Shilling 1824 4,158,000 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Halfcrown 1824 Second Issue 465,696 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Shilling 1825 Second Reverse 2,459,000 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Sixpence 1825 483,120 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head)
Sixpence 1887 Withdrawn Type 3,675,607 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head)
Shilling 1899 10,965,382 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head)
One Pound 1983 Royal Arms 444,283,310 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait, by Arnold Machin
One Pound 1993 Royal Arms 114,867,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
One Pound 1998 Royal Arms 159,862 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
One Pound 2003 Royal Arms 61,776,772 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
One Pound 2008 Royal Arms 4,100,913 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
One Pound 2013 Royal Arms 1,311 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
One Pound 2015 Royal Arms 129,616,985 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
Five Sovereigns 2017 Garter 1,741 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
Half Sovereign 2017 Garter 4,648 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
Double Sovereign 2017 Garter 1,198 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
Sovereign 2017 Garter 12,681 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
Quarter Sovereign 2017 Garter 4,188 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
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Legend: Details
Year From1348
Year To
CountryUnited Kingdom
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