Switzerland: Coin Half Franc 1850 - detailed information

Switzerland: Coin Half Franc 1850
CoinHalf Franc 1850

The Half Franc coin is a circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, it has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian. It is worth noting that the denomination is a "half franc" and not "50 centimes" for historic reasons, being initially modelled on a denomination of the French franc which was a "demi franc", and to distinguish it from the smaller denominations. Initially, centimes were either billon (low-grade silver) or base metal while all "francs" (including the half franc) were full-bodied silver; the composition of the half franc was 90% silver and 10% copper.

This first version of the half franc coin featuring a sitting figure of Helvetia was designed by Friedrich Fisch and engraved by Antoine Bovy. The reverse shows the value, a numeral ½, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr. within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was heavier than current coins (2.5 grams) and made of 0.900 silver. It was only issued in 1850 and 1851 and was struck by the Paris Mint. It was demonetised on 1st January 1869, then for several years there were no half franc coins in circulation.

In 1875, new half franc coins were issued with a new obverse by Albert Walch featuring a Standing Helvetia - a design which is still used today.

Coins issued in 1850 circulated for less than 19 years.

MintParis Mint
Obverse
Switzerland / Half Franc 1850 - obverse photo

The obverse features a sitting figure of Helvetia, the female personification of the Confederation of Switzerland, resting on a plough whose two handles are seen to her right, and some grains; with her left hand she holds a triangular shield resting on the ground which bears the Swiss Cross inside an oval; her right arm is extended toward the left side of the obverse, pointing into the distance. The legend HELVETIA is around above her head. The engraver's name A. BOVY (for Antoine Bovy) is in large letters to her left, written counter-clockwise, i.e. the letters face the opposite way to the legend.

There are two privy marks in the exergue; to the left, a hand pointing right, the privy mark of Charles Louis Joseph Dierickx - director (mint master) of the Paris Mint; to the right, a greyhound head looking right, privy mark of Jean-Jacques Barre, the mint's chief engraver.

Obverse Inscription HELVETIA
Reverse
Switzerland / Half Franc 1850 - reverse photo

The reverse shows in two lines the value and denomination - a numeral ½ and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr. above the date: 1850, all within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers.

Below the ribbon of the wreath is the mint mark A of the Paris Mint.

Reverse Inscription ½ Fr. 1850
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Swissmint only lists combined mintage of 4,500,000 for the years 1850 and 1851, with a note that the two issues were "roughly the same".

Half Franc 1850: Known varieties
Variety Specimen
Mintage unknown
Half Franc 1850: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Swissmint 2017 Mint link
Swissmint 2017 Mintage link
All (112) Coins of Country: Switzerland, Type: Half Franc
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Half Franc 1850 2,250,000 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Half Franc 1851 2,250,000 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Half Franc 1875 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1877 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1878 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1879 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1881 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1882 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1894 800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1896 28 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1898 1,600,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1899 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1900 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1901 200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1903 800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1904 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1905 600,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1906 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1907 1,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1908 800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1909 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1910 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1913 800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1914 2,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1916 800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1920 5,400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1921 6,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1928 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1929 2,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1931 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1932 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1934 2,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1936 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1937 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1939 1,001,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1940 2,002,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1941 200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1942 2,969,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1943 4,573,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1944 7,455,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1945 4,928,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1946 6,817,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1948 6,113,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1950 7,148,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1951 8,530,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1952 14,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1953 3,567,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1955 1,320,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1956 4,250,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1957 12,085,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1958 11,558,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1959 12,581,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1960 14,528,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1961 6,906,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1962 18,272,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1963 25,168,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1964 22,720,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1965 17,920,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1966 10,008,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1967 16,096,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1968 64,920,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1969 83,104,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1970 52,620,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1971 34,472,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1972 9,996,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1973 5,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1974 45,006,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1975 27,234,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1976 10,009,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1977 19,011,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1978 20,818,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1979 27,014,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1980 31,074,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1981 30,165,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1982 30,161,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1983 22,031,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1984 20,050,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1985 6,038,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1986 5,031,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1987 10,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1988 5,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1989 10,031,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1990 20,032,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1991 10,036,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1992 30,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1993 13,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1994 15,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1995 10,024,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1996 8,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1997 6,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1998 6,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 1999 5,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2000 4,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2001 6,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2002 2,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2003 2,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2004 2,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2005 1,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2006 2,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2007 18,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2008 25,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2009 27,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2010 27,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2011 15,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2012 20,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2013 23,023,500 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2014 21,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2015 18,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2016 15,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2017 14,029,500 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2018 10,027,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Half Franc 2019 10,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
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Half Franc 1850: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Coin TypeHalf Franc, Seated Helvetia
Issued1850
EffigyHelvetia, Seated
Face Value1/2 (x Franc)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1869)
Mintage2,250,000 (2.3 million)
Material0.900 Silver
DesignerFriedrich Fisch, Antoine Bovy
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)18.2000
Thickness (mm)1.2500
Mass (g)2.5000
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Half Franc 1850: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, 1/2 Franc, 1850
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Switzerland, 1/2 Franc, 1850
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Half Franc 1850: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogSchweiz Schön# 20
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsSwitzerland KM# 8