United Kingdom: Coin Type Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) - detailed information

United Kingdom: Coin Type Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) (issued 1806 - 1970)
Coin TypeHalfpenny (Pre-decimal)

The British pre-decimal halfpenny (½d) coin, usually simply known as a halfpenny, was a unit of currency that equaled half of a penny or one four-hundred-and-eightieth of a pound sterling. Originally the halfpenny was minted in copper, but after 1860 it was minted in bronze. It ceased to be legal tender in 1969. The halfpenny featured two different designs on its obverse during its years in circulation. From 1672 until 1936 the image of Britannia appeared on the reverse, and from 1937 onwards the image of the Golden Hind appeared. Like all British coinage, it bore the portrait of the monarch on the obverse.

Before Decimal Day in 1971 there were two hundred and forty pence in one pound sterling. Twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. forty-two pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

The halfpenny ceased to be legal tender from 31 July 1969.

Obverse

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

Reverse Inscription
Edge
Edge Inscription
All Coins of Type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) (121)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1806 unknown Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1806
Halfpenny 1807 unknown Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1807
Halfpenny 1825 215,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Halfpenny 1826 9,031,630 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Halfpenny 1827 5,376,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Halfpenny 1831 806,400 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1831
Halfpenny 1834 537,600 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1834
Halfpenny 1837 349,440 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1837
Halfpenny 1838 456,960 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1838
Halfpenny 1839 (Proof only) unknown Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Halfpenny 1841 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Halfpenny 1843 967,680 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Halfpenny 1844 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Halfpenny 1845 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Halfpenny 1846 860,160 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Halfpenny 1847 752,640 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Halfpenny 1848 322,560 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Halfpenny 1851 215,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Halfpenny 1852 637,056 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1852
Halfpenny 1853 1,559,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Halfpenny 1854 12,354,048 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Halfpenny 1855 1,455,837 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Halfpenny 1856 1,942,080 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Halfpenny 1857 1,182,720 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Halfpenny 1858 2,472,960 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Halfpenny 1859 1,290,240 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Halfpenny 1860 (Large) unknown Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
Halfpenny 1860 (Small) 6,630,400 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1861 54,118,400 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1862 61,107,200 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1863 15,948,800 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1864 537,600 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1865 8,064,000 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1866 2,508,800 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1867 2,508,800 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1868 3,046,400 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1869 3,225,600 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1870 4,350,739 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1871 1,075,280 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1872 4,659,410 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1873 3,404,880 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1874 6,365,265 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1875 6,685,215 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1876 6,809,600 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1877 5,209,505 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1878 1,425,535 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1879 3,582,545 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1880 2,423,465 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1881 3,799,515 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1882 4,480,000 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1883 3,000,725 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1884 6,989,580 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1885 8,600,574 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1886 8,586,155 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1887 10,701,305 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1888 6,814,070 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1889 7,748,234 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1890 11,254,235 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1891 13,192,260 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1892 2,478,335 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1893 7,229,344 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1894 1,767,635 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1895 3,032,154 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1896 9,142,500 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1897 8,690,315 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1898 8,595,180 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1899 12,108,001 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1900 13,805,190 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1901 11,127,360 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1902 13,672,960 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1903 11,450,880 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1904 8,131,200 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1905 10,124,800 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1906 11,101,440 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1907 16,849,280 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1908 16,620,800 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1909 8,279,040 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1910 10,769,920 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1911 12,570,880 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1912 21,185,920 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1913 17,476,480 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1914 20,289,111 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1915 21,563,040 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1916 39,386,143 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1917 38,245,436 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1918 22,321,072 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1919 28,104,001 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1920 35,146,793 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1921 28,027,293 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1922 10,734,964 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1923 12,266,282 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1924 13,971,038 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1925 12,216,123 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1926 6,712,306 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1927 15,589,622 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1928 20,935,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1929 25,680,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1930 12,532,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1931 16,137,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1932 14,448,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1933 10,560,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1934 7,704,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1935 12,180,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1936 19,807,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1937 Edward VIII (not released) unknown Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1937 George VI 27,732,002 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1938 40,320,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1939 28,924,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1940 32,162,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1941 45,120,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1942 71,908,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1943 76,200,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1944 81,840,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1945 57,000,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1946 22,725,600 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1947 21,266,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1948 26,947,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1949 24,744,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1950 24,171,113 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1951 14,888,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1952 33,278,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Advertising
UK coin dealer supplying high quality and carefully graded antique coins to the discerning collector
UK coin dealer supplying high quality and carefully graded antique coins to the discerning collector
Halfpenny (Pre-decimal): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-types Halfpenny (Britannia, first design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, second design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, third design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, fourth design)
Halfpenny (Ship)
From1806
To1970
Face Value1/2 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1969)
MaterialBronze
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)
Mass (g)
Halfpenny (Pre-decimal): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Halfpenny, George III, Great Britain, 1807
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Britannia, first design (1806 - 1807).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Britannia, second design (1825 - 1860).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1860
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Britannia, third design (1860 - 1894).
Source
Great Britain 1930 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Notes: Britannia, fourth design (1895 - 1936).
Source
Great Britain 1939 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Notes: Golden Hind ship (1937 - 1970).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, George III, Great Britain, 1807
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1806 - 1807).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Great Britain 1852 half penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young head (1838 - 1860).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1860
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Bun head (1860 - 1894).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1895
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Veiled head (1895 - 1901).
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Great Britain 1930 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Source
Great Britain 1939 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Source