One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT), Coin from Australia - detailed information

One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT), Coin from Australia
CoinOne Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT)

The one dollar coin circulating denomination (written as $1) was introduced in Australia in 1984, replacing the earlier banknotes. The original reverse design by Stuart Devlin featuring five kangaroos - known in Australia as the "Mob of Roos" design - has not been changed since its introduction.

The denomination is also used by both the Royal Australian Mint and the Perth Mint to issue an extensive range of collector coins, which are legal tender in Australia - such as this one.

This commemorative one dollar coin marks the 150th Anniversary of the Burke and Wills expedition.

In 1860-61 Robert O'Hara Burke and William John Wills led an expedition of 19 men with the intention of crossing Australia from Melbourne in the south to the Gulf of Carpentaria in the north, a distance of around 3,250 kilometres. At that time most of the inland of Australia had not been explored by non-indigenous people and was completely unknown to the European settlers. The south-north leg was successfully completed (except they were stopped by swampland 5 kilometres from the northern coastline) but owing to poor leadership and bad luck, both of the expedition's leaders died on the return journey. Altogether, seven men lost their lives, and only one man, John King, travelled the entire expedition and returned alive to Melbourne.

The coin was issued in two-coin sets only: a 20 cents coin showing Burke and Wills setting out on their epic journey, and this $1 coin portraying the sole survivor John King. The sets had two versions: uncirculated and proof grade.

No coins of this type were issued into circulation.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintageunknown

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Australia / One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT) - reverse photo

The reverse portrays John King, the sole survivor of the expedition, resting under the iconic "dig tree" at Bullah Bullah waterhole on Coopers Creek; a carved message is seen on the trunk of the tree. To the left, barefoot human footprints leading in all directions, symbolising the local Aboriginal people who have already explored the place; camel footprints heading south, symbolising the direction of the return part of the journey.

Above left, the value and denomination 1 DOLLAR. Around right, the text 150th ANNIVERSARY - BURKE & WILLS EXPEDITION.

The artist's monogram WP (for Wojciech Pietranik) is in the exergue, under the tree trunk.

EdgeMilled interrupted, in seven sectionsEdge InscriptionNone

The Burke and Wills "Dig Tree" is one of Australia's national icons and an enduring reminder of our pioneering spirit. Nappa Merrie Station is proud to officially manage the site on behalf of The Royal Historical Society of Queensland. Located on the Northern bank of Coopers Creek the "Dig Tree" is a Coolibah (Eucalyptus microtha). It is believed that the tree is 200-250 years old.

Before the base camp party deserted the depot (stockade Depot Camp 65), only hours before Burke and Wills did return from the Gulf, they had buried some provisions in the remote chance of Burke and Wills return and instructions to dig were carved into the trunk of the tree. The three blazes on the dig tree were:

B LXV Trunk, creek side
Dig 3FT NW Trunk, land side
Dec 6 60 April 21 61 Limb upstream

These Blazes have now been covered to help preserve the tree. Burke's face was carved into another tree (the "Face Tree") about 30m downstream of the "Dig Tree" by John Dick in 1898 and is still clearly visible. Apart from the boardwalk structure built around the tree to help protect it, the site as you view it now is as Burke and Wills and companions would have viewed it nearly 140 years ago.

One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT): Known varieties
Variety Proof FDC
Images Australia / One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT) / Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown

The coins are housed, sealed in a black plastic folder accompanied by an information sheet and protected by colourful presentation box.

One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT): References to Information Used
Royal Mint 2009 Design link
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One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT): Details
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dollar (NCLT)
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value1 (x Dollar)
Total Mintageunknown
DesignerWojciech Pietranik
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size25.120 mm
Mass9.000 g
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One Dollar 2010 Burke and Wills (NCLT): Photos
2010 $1 Proof Burke & Wills coin
Copyright: Royal Australian Mint
Notes: Proof.