Two Marks, Theodor Heuss, Coin Type from Germany - detailed information

Two Marks, Theodor Heuss, Coin Type from Germany (issued 1970 - 1987)
Coin TypeTwo Marks, Theodor Heuss

The Two Marks coin, abbreviated 2 DM and known in English as 2 German Marks, was a relatively large circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

The initial design was similar to the 1 Mark coin and was only issued in 1951. It was superseded by a design honouring Max Planck, which was issued between 1957 and 1971.

Those earlier coins were made of CuproNickel and were confusing to vending machines (which mistakenly accepted cheap foreign coins instead of 2 DM), so were demonetized in 1973 and replaced by a new series of coins called the "politicians series" because it depicts portraits of German politicians on the obverse. These coins are three-layered: CuproNickel with a Nickel core, which makes them magnetic unlike the earlier ones.

This second type of new coins honours Prof. Dr. Theodor Heuss (1884 - 1963), a German statesman who served as the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 to 1959. Beside the stern chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Heuss' cordial manners largely contributed to the stabilization of democracy in West Germany during the Wirtschaftswunder ("Economic Miracle) years. Prior to his career as a politician, he was a political journalist.

This type is called "2 Deutsche Mark IV. Ausgabe" ("fourth issue") in German by the Deutsche Bundesbank; it was struck until 1987 by four different mints:
- Munich Mint - mint mark D
- Stuttgart Mint - mint mark F
- Karlsruhe Mint - mint mark G
- Hamburg Mint - mint mark J

Other coins of the "politicians series" include:
- Konrad Adenauer, 1969 - 1987
- Kurt Schumacher, 1979 - 1993
- Ludwig Erhard, 1988 - 2001
- Franz Josef Strauß (Strauss), 1990 - 2001
- Willy Brandt, 1994 - 2001

Note that the introduction of new designs did not supplant the previous ones; older designs continued to be issued and used in parallel.

The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom".

In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. The Deutsche Mark ceased to be legal tender immediately upon the introduction of the euro - in contrast to the other eurozone nations, where the euro and legacy currency circulated side by side for up to two months. Mark coins and banknotes continued to be accepted as valid forms of payment in Germany until 28 February 2002.

Obverse
Germany / Two Marks, Theodor Heuss - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, designed by Karl-Ulrich Nuss, features the portrait of Prof. Dr. Theodor Heuss, the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany (1949 to 1959). His name is not written on the coin.

Around above, · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around below are the dates 1949 - 1969, representing the 20th anniversary of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Obverse Inscription · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Reverse
Germany / Two Marks, Theodor Heuss - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin, designed by Reinhart Heinsdorff, depicts at its centre the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head facing left, its wings open and with open feathering.

Around left, the legend BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around right, facing in the opposite direction, the value and denomination 2 DEUTSCHE MARK (2 German marks).

The date [year] is above the eagle's head. The mint mark of the mint which produced the coin is a small letter to the left of the numeral 2 of the value and under the eagle's left foot.

Reverse Inscription BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK [year]
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
Coin Type: Two Marks, Theodor Heuss - (18) Coins
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Two Marks 1970 Theodor Heuss 28,063,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1971 Theodor Heuss 28,000,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1972 Theodor Heuss 28,058,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1973 Theodor Heuss 42,768,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1974 Theodor Heuss 20,286,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1975 Theodor Heuss 17,755,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1976 Theodor Heuss 17,686,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1977 Theodor Heuss 22,714,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1978 Theodor Heuss 13,433,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Theodor Heuss 12,712,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1980 Theodor Heuss 8,040,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1981 Theodor Heuss 7,964,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1982 Theodor Heuss 12,312,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1983 Theodor Heuss 6,290,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1984 Theodor Heuss 456,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1985 Theodor Heuss 10,219,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1986 Theodor Heuss 10,176,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1987 Theodor Heuss 17,180,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
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Two Marks, Theodor Heuss: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Sub-type ofTwo Marks
From1970
To1987
Face Value2 (x Mark)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2002)
MaterialCuproNickel-clad Nickel
DesignerKarl-Ulrich Nuss, Reinhart Heinsdorff
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size26.750 mm
Thickness1.790 mm
Mass7.000 g