Two Marks, Willy Brandt, Coin Type from Germany - detailed information

Two Marks, Willy Brandt, Coin Type from Germany (issued 1994 - 2001)
Coin TypeTwo Marks, Willy Brandt

The Two Marks coin, abbreviated 2 DM and known in English as 2 German Marks, was a relatively large circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

The initial design was similar to the 1 Mark coin and was only issued in 1951. It was superseded by a design honouring Max Planck, which was issued between 1957 and 1971.

Those earlier coins were made of CuproNickel and were confusing to vending machines (which mistakenly accepted cheap foreign coins instead of 2 DM), so were demonetized in 1973 and replaced by a new series of coins called the "politicians series" because it depicts portraits of German politicians on the obverse. These coins are three-layered: CuproNickel with a Nickel core, which makes them magnetic unlike the earlier ones.

This type of coins honours Willy Brandt (1913 - 1992), a German politician who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 for his efforts to strengthen cooperation in western Europe through the European Economic Community (EEC) and to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of Eastern Europe.

This type is called "2 Deutsche Mark VIII. Ausgabe" ("eighth issue") in German by the Deutsche Bundesbank; it was struck between 1994 and 2001 by five different mints:
- Berlin Mint - mint mark A
- Munich Mint - mint mark D
- Stuttgart Mint - mint mark F
- Karlsruhe Mint - mint mark G
- Hamburg Mint - mint mark J

Other coins of the "politicians series" include:
- Konrad Adenauer, 1969 - 1987
- Theodor Heuss, 1970 - 1987
- Kurt Schumacher, 1979 - 1993
- Ludwig Erhard, 1988 - 2001
- Franz Josef Strauß (Strauss), 1990 - 2001

Note that the introduction of new designs did not supplant the previous ones; older designs continued to be issued and used in parallel.

The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom".

In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. The Deutsche Mark ceased to be legal tender immediately upon the introduction of the euro - in contrast to the other eurozone nations, where the euro and legacy currency circulated side by side for up to two months. Mark coins and banknotes continued to be accepted as valid forms of payment in Germany until 28 February 2002.

Obverse
Germany / Two Marks, Willy Brandt - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, designed by Hubert Klinkel, features the portrait of Willy Brandt, a German politician who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974, and won Nobel Peace Prize in 1971. His name is not written on the coin.

Around above, · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around below, separated by the portrait, are the dates 1949 1994, representing the 45th anniversary of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Obverse Inscription · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Reverse
Germany / Two Marks, Willy Brandt - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin, designed by Reinhart Heinsdorff, depicts at its centre the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head facing left, its wings open and with open feathering.

Around left, the legend BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around right, facing in the opposite direction, the value and denomination 2 DEUTSCHE MARK (2 German marks).

The date [year] is above the eagle's head. The mint mark of the mint which produced the coin is a small letter to the left of the numeral 2 of the value and under the eagle's left foot.

Reverse Inscription BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK [year]
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Two Marks, Willy Brandt: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Sub-type ofTwo Marks
From1994
To2001
Face Value2 (x Mark)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2002)
MaterialCuproNickel-clad Nickel
DesignerHubert Klinkel, Reinhart Heinsdorff
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size26.750 mm
Thickness1.790 mm
Mass7.000 g