Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin, Coin from Australia
CoinTwenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin

The Australian 20 cent coin was first introduced with decimalisation on 14 February 1966 when it replaced the pre-decimal Australian florin, to which it is equal in size and mass. The original reverse design by Stuart Devlin has not been changed since its introduction.

The denomination is occasionally used by both the Royal Australian Mint and the Perth Mint to issue collector coins, which are legal tender in Australia - such as this one.

This coin commemorates 70 years since the bombing of Darwin.

The Bombing of Darwin, also known as the Battle of Darwin, on 19 February 1942 was the largest single attack ever mounted by a foreign power on Australia. On that day, 242 Japanese aircraft, in two separate raids, attacked the town, ships in Darwin's harbour and the town's two airfields in an attempt to prevent the Allies from using them as bases to contest the invasion of Timor and Java during World War II.

Darwin was lightly defended relative to the size of the attack, and the Japanese inflicted heavy losses upon Allied forces at little cost to themselves. The urban areas of Darwin also suffered some damage from the raids and there were a number of civilian casualties. More than half of Darwin's civilian population left the area permanently, before or immediately after the attack.

The two Japanese air raids were the first, and largest, of more than 100 air raids against Australia during 1942 - 1943. The event happened just four days after the Fall of Singapore, when a combined Commonwealth force surrendered to the Japanese, the largest surrender in British history.

No coins of this type were issued into circulation.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintageunknown
Obverse
Australia / Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin - obverse photo

The obverse shows the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In small letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Reverse
Australia / Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin depicts the outline of a soldier looking at the skies through binoculars, with two naval guns in the background.

Above right, the value 20 [cents].

Around below, the inscription BOMBING OF AUSTRALIA 1942.

Reverse Inscription 20 BOMBING OF AUSTRALIA 1942
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
All (51) coins of type: Twenty Cents, NCLT
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, 1910 Florin) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, Canberra Florin) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, Melbourne Florin) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, 1938 Florin) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, Federation Jubilee Florin) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, Royal Visit Florin) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, United Nations) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Twenty Cents 1998 (Silver, Fourth Portrait) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Twenty Cents 1999 (Silver, Threepence) 15,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2000 (Silver, King Edward VII) 10,412 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2000 (Silver, King George V) 10,412 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2000 (Silver, Queen Elizabeth II) 10,412 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000 · TWENTY CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2006 (Silver, Second Portrait) 5,829 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Twenty Cents 2007 Year of the Life Saver (NCLT) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Twenty Cents 2008 Year of Planet Earth (NCLT) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Twenty Cents 2009 Year of Astronomy (NCLT) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Twenty Cents 2009 Australian Service Nurses (NCLT) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Twenty Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern 7,500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Twenty Cents 2010 (Gold, Gottwald Portrait) 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Portrait by Gottwald ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Twenty Cents 2010 Lost Soldiers of Fromelles (NCLT) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Twenty Cents 2010 Burke and Wills unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Twenty Cents 2011 Ashes unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2011 War Historians unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2011 Riding on the Sheep's Back unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Twenty Cents 2013 First Australian Banknote 15,002 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Twenty Cents 2014 Australian Comforts Fund 17,002 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Twenty Cents 2017 Bananas in Pyjamas unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Twenty Cents 2019 (Third Portrait) 20,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Twenty Cents 2020 AC/DC - High Voltage unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2020 AC/DC - T.N.T. unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2020 AC/DC - Back in Black unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2020 AC/DC - Ballbreaker unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2021 AC/DC unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2021 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2021 AC/DC - Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2021 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2021 AC/DC - For Those About to Rock unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2021 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2021 Platypus Toy unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2021
Twenty Cents 2021 Animalia 55,521 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2021
Twenty Cents 2021 Mungo Footprints 20,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2021
Twenty Cents 2022 Diary of a Wombat 43,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2022
Twenty Cents 2022 ABC Anniversary 30,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2022 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2022 AC/DC - Let There Be Rock unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2022 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2023 AC/DC unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2023 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2023 AC/DC - Powerage unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2023 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2023 AC/DC - Flick of the Switch unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2023 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2023 AC/DC - Blow Up Your Video unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2023 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2023 AC/DC - Black Ice unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2023 · 20 CENTS ·
Twenty Cents 2023 Platypus Toy unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2023
Twenty Cents 2023 Edward the Emu 28,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II 1952 - 2022 · AUSTRALIA 2023
Twenty Cents 2024 Queen Elizabeth II 100,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II 1952 - 2022 · AUSTRALIA 2024
Twenty Cents 2024 Platypus Toy unknown King Charles III - Portrait by Dan Thorne CHARLES III · AUSTRALIA 2024
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Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeTwenty Cents, NCLT
Issued2012
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value20 (x Cent)
Mintageunknown
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size28.6500 mm
Thickness2.5200 mm
Mass11.3000 g
OCC IDRNAZ-EGWC-NVZL-EXJL
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Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin: Photos
ImageDetails
Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin: Photo 2012 20 cents Bombing of Darwin / thumbnail 2012 20 cents Bombing of Darwin
Copyright: Downies
Source
Twenty Cents 2012 Bombing of Darwin: Photo 2012 20 cents Bombing of Darwin / thumbnail 2012 20 cents Bombing of Darwin
Copyright: Downies
Source