Australia: Coin Halfpenny 1951 - detailed information

Australia: Coin Halfpenny 1951
CoinHalfpenny 1951

A bronze coin (25.5 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a bare head of George VI facing left; around, GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF. Below the head in small lettering are the artist's initials HP. The reverse features, a kangaroo leaping right; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below HALF PENNY.

The date, 1951 is below the Kangaroo and the Federation star follows the word PENNY. The artist's initials, KG are below the kangaroo's tail near the rim.

For coins minted at the London Mint and the Birmingham Mint, the mint mark PL is in tiny letters near the rim after the word PENNY.

Some coins minted at the Perth Mint have a dot after PENNY., others do not.

Mints
NameMint markMintage
Perth Mint No mint mark 29,422,080 (29.4 million)
Royal Mint Letters PL 6,960,000 (7.0 million)
Heaton and Sons (Birmingham Mint) Letters PL 5,040,000 (5.0 million)
Obverse
Australia / Halfpenny 1951 - obverse photo

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith); below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Reverse
Australia / Halfpenny 1951 - reverse photo

At centre a kangaroo leaping right; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination HALF PENNY. The date 1951 is below the kangaroo and the seven pointed Federation star follows the word PENNY. The artist's initials, KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are below the kangaroo's tail near the rim.

Coins minted by the Royal Mint in London and the Birmingham Mint (Heaton & Sons) share the same mint mark, PL (abbreviated from "Percussa Londinio" in Latin, meaning "struck at London") in tiny letters near the rim after the word PENNY; coins struck by these two mints are thus indistinguishable.

The Perth Mint did not have a mint mark on half penny coins issued this year.

Reverse Inscription AUSTRALIA 1951 HALF PENNY
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Some of the Perth half pennies have a Y. mint mark and some do not. Some catalogues treat the Y. half pennies as a variety, while for others the "no mint mark" half pennies are the variety to the norm.

The London and Birmingham half pennies have the same mint mark so are indistinguishable. Remick 1971 lists them together, with combined mintage of 12,000,000.

However, the "Renniks Australian Commonwealth Coinage Guide", since its 3rd edition (January 1965) lists the Birmingham half pennies separately (and with values different from the London half pennies), as having no PL mint mark. Inconsistently, the proofs are listed as minted by the Melbourne Mint. These are listed as Perth pennies with no mint mark in all other catalogues.

Krause catalogues list the following mintages:
- Perth Mint: 29,422,000
- PL mint mark: 17,040,000, of which Birmingham Mint 5,040,000, the rest Royal Mint London

Halfpenny 1951: Known varieties
Variety Y.
Mintage None (included in total)
DetailsDot after PENNY.
Variety Proof (Royal Mint London) Australia / Halfpenny 1951 / Proof (Royal Mint London) - obverse photo Australia / Halfpenny 1951 / Proof (Royal Mint London) - reverse photo
Mintage unknown
Variety Proof (No dot) Australia / Halfpenny 1951 / Proof (No dot) - obverse photo Australia / Halfpenny 1951 / Proof (No dot) - reverse photo
Mintage unknown
Variety Proof (Y.)
Mintage unknown
Halfpenny 1951: References to Information Used
All Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Halfpenny (51)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1911 2,832,060 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1912 2,400,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1913 2,160,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1914 2,640,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1915 720,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1916 3,600,025 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1917 5,760,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1918 1,440,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1919 3,326,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1920 4,113,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1921 5,280,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1922 6,924,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1923 1,113,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1924 681,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1925 1,147,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1926 4,132,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1927 3,072,050 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1928 2,318,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1929 2,635,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1930 638,406 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1931 369,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1932 2,553,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1933 4,608,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1934 3,816,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1935 2,916,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1936 2,562,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Halfpenny 1938 3,014,250 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1939 Commonwealth of Australia 4,382,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1939 Kangaroo 504,100 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1940 2,294,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1941 5,011,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1942 11,054,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1943 39,988,806 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1944 720,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1945 3,033,600 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1946 13,747,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1947 9,292,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1948 30,160,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1949 22,310,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1950 12,014,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1951 41,422,080 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1952 1,831,680 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Halfpenny 1953 23,967,376 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Halfpenny 1954 21,962,880 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Halfpenny 1955 9,343,021 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Halfpenny 1959 10,167,906 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Halfpenny 1960 17,812,870 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Halfpenny 1961 20,184,080 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Halfpenny 1962 10,259,624 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Halfpenny 1963 16,411,300 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Halfpenny 1964 18,230,401 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
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Halfpenny 1951: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypeHalfpenny - Kangaroo
Issued1951
MonarchKing George VI
EffigyPortrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Face Value1/2 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage41,422,080 (41.4 million)
MaterialBronze
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)25.4000
Mass (g)5.6700
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Halfpenny 1951: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Halfpenny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint, no mint mark.
Source
Proof Coin - Halfpenny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Perth Mint, Y. mint mark.
Source
Coin - Halfpenny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Perth Mint.
Source
Proof Coin - Halfpenny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. PL mint mark.
Source
Proof Coin - Halfpenny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Halfpenny 1951: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 42
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesA48 (PL), A49 (no mint mark) and A50 (Y.)
Australian Coin ChartH50 (Y.), H51 (Perth, no dot) and H52 (PL)