Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia
CoinTwenty Cents 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The twenty cent coin shows a Coat of Arms design which was shared by all of the earliest silver pre-decimal coins (Threepence, Sixpence, Shilling and Florin). Unlike earlier commemorative twenty cent coins, the commemorative design is on the obverse, while the reverse has the traditional platypus design.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mintage4,500,000
Obverse

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a coin carrying the original Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia (it featured on the earliest silver pre-decimal coins). Within a circle, a simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons, i.e., small shields. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed; the two arrow heads under the Coat of Arms flanked the date on pre-decimal coins; however, a denomination and date are not depicted here.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse

A platypus swimming. The denomination numeral 20 [cents] is above the head of the mammal; the artist's initials SD (for Stuart Devlin) are in (very) tiny letters, within the swirl of water around its right forepaw.

Reverse Inscription 20
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage unknown
Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2018 Mintage link
All (72) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Twenty Cents
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Twenty Cents 1966 58,241,110 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
Twenty Cents 1967 83,848,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1967
Twenty Cents 1968 40,537,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1968
Twenty Cents 1969 16,514,999 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
Twenty Cents 1970 23,286,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
Twenty Cents 1971 8,957,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
Twenty Cents 1972 16,653,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
Twenty Cents 1973 23,366,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
Twenty Cents 1974 33,559,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
Twenty Cents 1975 53,323,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
Twenty Cents 1976 59,795,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
Twenty Cents 1977 41,327,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Twenty Cents 1978 37,439,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Twenty Cents 1979 22,336,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
Twenty Cents 1980 84,468,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
Twenty Cents 1981 165,589,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Twenty Cents 1982 76,700,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
Twenty Cents 1983 55,193,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
Twenty Cents 1984 27,881,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
Twenty Cents 1985 2,775,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Twenty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Twenty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Twenty Cents 1988 (mint sets only) 346,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Twenty Cents 1989 (mint sets only) 217,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Twenty Cents 1990 (mint sets only) 156,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Twenty Cents 1991 (mint sets only) 189,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Twenty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) 164,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
Twenty Cents 1993 (mint sets only) 130,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
Twenty Cents 1994 14,369,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
Twenty Cents 1995 Platypus (mint sets only) 132,269 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Twenty Cents 1995 United Nations 4,800,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Twenty Cents 1996 20,637,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
Twenty Cents 1997 16,762,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
Twenty Cents 1998 28,862,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Twenty Cents 1999 64,209,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
Twenty Cents 2000 35,648,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Twenty Cents 2001 82,026,569 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory 2,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales 3,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island 2,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory 2,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland 2,300,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia 2,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania 2,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Victoria 2,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia 2,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2001 Donald Bradman 10,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Twenty Cents 2002 27,283,514 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
Twenty Cents 2003 Volunteers 7,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
Twenty Cents 2004 72,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Twenty Cents 2005 58,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Twenty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the End of WW2 33,500,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Twenty Cents 2006 102,462,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Twenty Cents 2007 42,712,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Twenty Cents 2008 132,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Twenty Cents 2009 43,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Twenty Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern 7,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Twenty Cents 2010 59,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Twenty Cents 2010 ATO 11,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Twenty Cents 2011 15,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2011 International Women's Day 6,800,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2011 Royal Wedding 10,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2011 International Year of Volunteers 6,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Twenty Cents 2012 34,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Twenty Cents 2013 43,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Twenty Cents 2013 Centenary of Canberra 6,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Twenty Cents 2014 52,300,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Twenty Cents 2015 24,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Twenty Cents 2016 34,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover 4,500,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Twenty Cents 2017 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Twenty Cents 2018 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeTwenty Cents Circulating Commemorative
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Face Value20 (x Cent)
Mintage4,500,000
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)28.6500
Thickness (mm)2.5200
Mass (g)11.3000
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