Two Dollars 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Two Dollars 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia
CoinTwo Dollars 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from years past. The two dollar coin shows a Crown design (coins of the Crown denomination were only issued in Australia in 1937 and 1938).

Unlike other commemorative two dollar coins, the commemorative design is on the obverse, while the reverse has the traditional Aboriginal Elder design.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage2,981,888 (3.0 million)
Obverse
Australia / Two Dollars 2016 Changeover - obverse photo

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of an Australian one crown coin, showing the Imperial Crown. Around, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. The artist's initials K.G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in small letters in the field at the bottom right of the crown. Denomination and date not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse
Australia / Two Dollars 2016 Changeover - reverse photo

The reverse design includes a representation of the head and shoulders of a traditional Australian Aboriginal, a representation of the Southern Cross and a representation of Australian flora. In two lines, the value and denomination 2 DOLLARS.

Reverse Inscription 2 DOLLARS
EdgeMilled interrupted (20 notches in 4 sections)Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Total mintage is comprised of:

2,795,000 circulation coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
87,000 circulation coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.
61,468 + 1,250 brilliant uncirculated coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year (in two different sets).
9,227 brilliant uncirculated coins in Postal Numismatic Cover, minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
2,103 brilliant uncirculated coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.
20,852 proof coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
4,988 proof coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.

Source of original information

Coins struck during 2015/2016 financial year (RAM Item Codes (none), 210414, 310668, 310980, 510901):
Royal Australian Mint (2016). 2015-2016 Annual Report, p96, p99, p104, p107. Retrieved from https://www.ramint.gov.au/annual-reports (PDF)

Coins struck during 2016/2017 financial year (RAM Item Codes (none), 210414, 310668):
Royal Australian Mint (2017). 2016-2017 Annual Report, p98, p101. Retrieved from https://www.ramint.gov.au/annual-reports (PDF)

Two Dollars 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
Variety Brilliant Uncirculated in Mint Set
Images Australia / Two Dollars 2016 Changeover / Brilliant Uncirculated in Mint Set - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 64,821 (included in total)
Details

Issued in two different coin sets: in 6 coin uncirculated set 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency, 2016, RAM Item Code 310668, mintage 63,571, issue price AU$25, and in a set separately branded for the World Money Fair in Berlin, Item Code 510901, mintage 1,250, issue price AU$25.

Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 25,840 (included in total)
Details

In 6 coin proof set 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency, 2016, RAM Item Code 210414, issue price AU$100.

Variety PNC
Mintage Issued: 9,227 (included in total)
Details

In Postal Numismatic Cover (PNC) Decimal Currency 1966 > 2006; first day of issue 9 February 2016. Issue price AU$17.95. Issue limit: 9,000; actual mintage: 9,227. Called "$2 uncirculated 50th anniversary of decimal currency clamshell" in the mint report; Item Code: 310980.

Two Dollars 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2017 Mintage link
All (50) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Two Dollars
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Dollars 1988 160,700,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Two Dollars 1989 31,637,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Two Dollars 1990 10,330,500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Two Dollars 1991 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Two Dollars 1992 15,551,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
Two Dollars 1993 4,870,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
Two Dollars 1994 22,143,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
Two Dollars 1995 15,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Two Dollars 1996 13,909,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
Two Dollars 1997 19,039,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
Two Dollars 1998 8,719,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Two Dollars 1999 27,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
Two Dollars 2000 5,741,153 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Two Dollars 2001 35,709,569 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Two Dollars 2002 29,847,062 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
Two Dollars 2003 13,695,090 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
Two Dollars 2004 20,134,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Two Dollars 2005 45,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Two Dollars 2006 40,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Two Dollars 2007 26,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Two Dollars 2008 47,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Two Dollars 2009 74,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Two Dollars 2010 36,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Two Dollars 2011 1,800,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Two Dollars 2012 5,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Two Dollars 2012 Remembrance Day (Poppy) 6,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Two Dollars 2013 35,100,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Two Dollars 2013 Coronation (Purple) 1,029,967 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Two Dollars 2014 39,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Two Dollars 2014 Remembrance Day (Green) 1,883,500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Two Dollars 2015 22,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Two Dollars 2015 Remembrance Day (Red) 1,481,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Two Dollars 2015 Remembrance Day (Orange) 2,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Two Dollars 2016 35,770,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Blue 2,000,575 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Black 2,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Red 2,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Yellow 2,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Green 2,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Paralympic 2,199,449 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Two Dollars 2016 Changeover 2,981,888 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Two Dollars 2017 16,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Two Dollars 2017 Remembrance Day (Blue and Green) 2,100,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Two Dollars 2018 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
Two Dollars 2019 (Fourth Portrait) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Two Dollars 2019 Repatriation (Black and Red) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Two Dollars 2019 Police Remembrance (Blue and White) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Two Dollars 2019 Wallabies (multi-colour) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Two Dollars 2019 (Fifth Portrait) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2019
Two Dollars 2020 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Two Dollars 2016 Changeover: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeTwo Dollars Circulating Commemorative
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value2 (x Dollar)
Circulation Mintage2,882,000 (2.9 million)
Total Mintage2,981,888 (3.0 million)
CurrentYes
MaterialAluminium-Bronze
DesignerHorst Hahne
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size20.500 mm
Thickness2.800 mm
Mass6.600 g
OCC IDDRMK-GEZA-CVGN-ONXQ
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Two Dollars 2016 Changeover: Photos
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2016 $2 Circulating Coin - 50th anniversary of decimal currency - Obverse
Copyright: Royal Australian Mint
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