One Dollar 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia - detailed information

One Dollar 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia
CoinOne Dollar 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from years past. The one dollar coin shows the second Coat of Arms design which was used on pre-decimal florin coins after 1937.

Unlike earlier commemorative dollar coins, the commemorative design is on the obverse, while the reverse has the traditional Mob of Kangaroos design.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage665,888, Rarity: N (Normal)
Obverse
Australia / One Dollar 2016 Changeover - obverse photo

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a coin carrying the Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia as authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912, which was displayed on florin coins after 1937. It comprises a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State (although that of South Australia is depicted as three sheaves of wheat above a rising sun instead of the authorised Piping Shrike). The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound accompanied by small branches of wattle. Above the shield is a crown instead of the Federation star. Around below, AUSTRALIA. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse
Australia / One Dollar 2016 Changeover - reverse photo

Five kangaroos (hence the coin type is known as the "Mob of Roos"), the closest facing right but looking to left; below, and overlaid on them, the denomination and value 1 DOLLAR.

Reverse Inscription 1 DOLLAR
EdgeMilled interrupted, in seven sectionsEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Total mintage is comprised of:

359,000 circulation coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
202,000 circulation coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.
61,468 + 1,250 brilliant uncirculated coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year (in two different sets).
5,000 brilliant uncirculated coins with a C counterstamp, in "Enlighten" packaging, minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
9,227 brilliant uncirculated coins in Postal Numismatic Cover, minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
2,103 brilliant uncirculated coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.
20,852 proof coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
4,988 proof coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.

Source of original information

Coins struck during 2015/2016 financial year (RAM Item Codes (none), 210414, 310668, 310894, 310979, 510901):
Royal Australian Mint (2016). 2015-2016 Annual Report, p96, p99, p103, p104, p107. Retrieved from https://www.ramint.gov.au/annual-reports (PDF)

Coins struck during 2016/2017 financial year (RAM Item Codes (none), 210414, 310668):
Royal Australian Mint (2017). 2016-2017 Annual Report, p98, p101. Retrieved from https://www.ramint.gov.au/annual-reports (PDF)

One Dollar 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
Variety Brilliant Uncirculated in Mint Set
Images Australia / One Dollar 2016 Changeover / Brilliant Uncirculated in Mint Set - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 64,821 (included in total)
Details

Issued in two different coin sets: in 6 coin uncirculated set 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency, 2016, RAM Item Code 310668, mintage 63,571, issue price AU$25, and in a set separately branded for the World Money Fair in Berlin, Item Code 510901, mintage 1,250, issue price AU$25.

Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 25,840 (included in total)
Details

In 6 coin proof set 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency, 2016, RAM Item Code 210414, issue price AU$100.

Variety PNC
Mintage Issued: 9,227 (included in total)
Details

In Postal Numismatic Cover (PNC) Decimal Currency 1966 > 2006; first day of issue 9 February 2016. Issue price AU$17.95. Issue limit: 9,000; actual mintage: 9,227. Called "$1 uncirculated 50th anniversary of decimal currency clamshell" in the mint report; Item Code: 310979.

Variety C Counterstamp
Mintage Issued: 5,000 (included in total)
Details

"The Mint and DPS collaboration continued with the Mint setting up a mobile press in Parliament House over four nights during the Canberra-wide Enlighten festival in March 2016. An estimated 600 people counterstamped a commemorative $1 coin housed in special Enlighten‑themed packaging, the first time in the history of the Mint that the obverse side of a coin had been counterstamped."

Item Code: 310894. Issue price AU$10.

One Dollar 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2018 Mintage link
All (78) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: One Dollar
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Dollar 1984 186,144,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
One Dollar 1985 96,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
One Dollar 1986 Year of Peace 25,167,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
One Dollar 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
One Dollar 1988 Australian Bicentenary 21,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
One Dollar 1989 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
One Dollar 1990 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
One Dollar 1991 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
One Dollar 1992 8,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
One Dollar 1993 Landcare 18,157,036 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
One Dollar 1994 47,639,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
One Dollar 1995 21,412,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
One Dollar 1996 Sir Henry Parkes 26,572,010 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
One Dollar 1997 Kingsford-Smith 24,381,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
One Dollar 1998 16,248,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
One Dollar 1999 International Year of Older Persons 29,218,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
One Dollar 2000 7,627,153 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
One Dollar 2001 Centenary of Federation 28,449,967 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
One Dollar 2001 International Year of Volunteers 6,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
One Dollar 2002 Year of the Outback 34,401,832 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
One Dollar 2003 Volunteers 4,149,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
One Dollar 2003 Centenary of Women's Suffrage 10,007,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
One Dollar 2004 8,850,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
One Dollar 2005 5,825,520 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
One Dollar 2005 60th Anniversary of the End of WWII 34,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
One Dollar 2006 38,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
One Dollar 2007 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
One Dollar 2007 APEC 20,108,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
One Dollar 2008 30,106,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
One Dollar 2008 Centenary of Scouting 17,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
One Dollar 2009 21,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
One Dollar 2009 Age Pension 21,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
One Dollar 2010 16,700,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
One Dollar 2010 Centenary of Girl Guiding 12,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
One Dollar 2011 17,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
One Dollar 2011 CHOGM 9,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
One Dollar 2012 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
One Dollar 2013 20,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
One Dollar 2014 1,052,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
One Dollar 2014 ANZAC 21,800,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
One Dollar 2015 22,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
One Dollar 2015 ANZAC 1,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
One Dollar 2016 30,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
One Dollar 2016 ANZAC 2,090,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
One Dollar 2016 Changeover 665,888 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
One Dollar 2017 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
One Dollar 2017 ANZAC unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
One Dollar 2018 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
One Dollar 2018 ANZAC unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
One Dollar 2019 (Fourth Portrait) 6,199,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 A - Australia Post unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 B - Boomerang unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 C - Cricket unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 D - Didgeridoo unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 E - Esky unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 F - Footy unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 G - G’day unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 H - Hills Hoist unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 I - Iced Vovo unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 J - Jackaroo and Jillaroo unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 K - Kangaroo unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 L - Lamington unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 M - Meat Pie unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 N - Neighbours unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 O - Outback unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 P - Platypus unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 Q - Quokka unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 R - Royal Flying Doctor Service unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 S - Surf Life Saving unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 T - Thongs unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 U - Ute unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 V - Vegemite unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 W - Weet-bix unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 X - Xantippe unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 Y - Yowie unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 Z - Zooper Dooper unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2019 (Fifth Portrait) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2019
One Dollar 2020 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020
Advertising
Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Dollar 2016 Changeover: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dollar Circulating Commemorative
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value1 (x Dollar)
Circulation Mintage561,000
Total Mintage665,888, Rarity: N (Normal)
CurrentYes
MaterialAluminium-Bronze
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size25.200 mm
Thickness3.460 mm
Mass9.000 g
OCC IDYMXK-DEKQ-CGNY-EWQJ
Share or Bookmark this Page
One Dollar 2016 Changeover: Photos
ImageDetails
2016 $1 Circulating Coin - 50th anniversary of decimal currency - Obverse
Copyright: Royal Australian Mint
Source