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Detailed information about Coin: Five Cents 2016 Changeover from Australia

Coin: Five Cents 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The five cent coin shows a Kangaroo Penny design.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Face value5 (x Cent) TypeFive Cents
Year2016 CurrentYes
Mintage4,700,000 (4.7 million)
NameMint markMintage
Royal Australian Mint No mint mark 4,700,000 (4.7 million)
MaterialCuproNickel DesignerStuart Devlin
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)19.4100 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)2.8300

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a one penny coin of the "Kangaroo" type: jumping kangaroo left; above, AUSTRALIA; the seven-pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo; the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.


An echidna (also known as a spiny ant-eater) seen from below as it rolls into a protective ball. The denomination numeral 5 [cents] is above the lower half of the animal; the artist's initials SD (for Stuart Devlin) are below the numeral in (very) tiny letters.

Reverse inscription5
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Five Cents 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
Proof unknown
Five Cents 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2018 Mintage link
Five Cents 2016 Changeover: Some useful external links
Mint makes decimal currency history with the flip of a coin | Royal Australian Mint
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List of all (56) coins of type: Australia / Five Cents
Five Cents 1966 Five Cents 1967 Five Cents 1968 Five Cents 1969 Five Cents 1970 Five Cents 1971
Five Cents 1972 Five Cents 1973 Five Cents 1974 Five Cents 1975 Five Cents 1976 Five Cents 1977
Five Cents 1978 Five Cents 1979 Five Cents 1980 Five Cents 1981 Five Cents 1982 Five Cents 1983
Five Cents 1984 Five Cents 1985 (mint sets only) Five Cents 1986 (mint sets only) Five Cents 1987 Five Cents 1988 Five Cents 1988 Cook Islands Mule
Five Cents 1989 Five Cents 1990 Five Cents 1991 Five Cents 1992 Five Cents 1993 Five Cents 1994
Five Cents 1995 Five Cents 1996 Five Cents 1997 Five Cents 1998 Five Cents 1999 Five Cents 2000
Five Cents 2001 Five Cents 2002 Five Cents 2003 Five Cents 2004 Five Cents 2005 Five Cents 2006
Five Cents 2007 Five Cents 2008 Five Cents 2009 Five Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern Five Cents 2010 Five Cents 2011
Five Cents 2012 Five Cents 2013 Five Cents 2014 Five Cents 2015 Five Cents 2016 Five Cents 2016 Changeover
Five Cents 2017 Five Cents 2018