Australia: Coin Five Cents 2016 Changeover - detailed information

Australia: Coin Five Cents 2016 Changeover
CoinFive Cents 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The five cent coin shows a Kangaroo Penny design.

MintRoyal Australian Mint
Obverse

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a one penny coin of the "Kangaroo" type: jumping kangaroo left; above, AUSTRALIA; the seven-pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo; the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse

An echidna (also known as a spiny ant-eater) seen from below as it rolls into a protective ball. The denomination numeral 5 [cents] is above the lower half of the animal; the artist's initials SD (for Stuart Devlin) are below the numeral in (very) tiny letters.

Reverse Inscription 5
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Five Cents 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof unknown
Five Cents 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2018 Mintage link
All Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Five Cents (56)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Five Cents 1966 75,445,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
Five Cents 1967 62,144,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1967
Five Cents 1968 67,336,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1968
Five Cents 1969 38,183,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
Five Cents 1970 46,073,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
Five Cents 1971 39,526,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
Five Cents 1972 8,236,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
Five Cents 1973 48,826,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
Five Cents 1974 64,259,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
Five Cents 1975 44,279,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
Five Cents 1976 113,201,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
Five Cents 1977 108,855,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Five Cents 1978 25,249,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Five Cents 1979 44,569,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
Five Cents 1980 115,110,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
Five Cents 1981 162,350,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Five Cents 1982 139,568,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
Five Cents 1983 131,648,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
Five Cents 1984 43,500,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
Five Cents 1985 (mint sets only) 245,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Five Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Five Cents 1987 73,570,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Five Cents 1988 103,400,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Five Cents 1988 Cook Islands Mule unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II COOK ISLANDS 1988
Five Cents 1989 95,800,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Five Cents 1990 33,253,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Five Cents 1991 29,900,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Five Cents 1992 52,600,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
Five Cents 1993 93,886,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
Five Cents 1994 146,708,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
Five Cents 1995 85,035,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Five Cents 1996 79,251,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
Five Cents 1997 100,712,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
Five Cents 1998 88,564,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Five Cents 1999 179,044,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
Five Cents 2000 97,486,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Five Cents 2001 174,638,569 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Five Cents 2002 148,851,514 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
Five Cents 2003 115,509,090 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
Five Cents 2004 147,708,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Five Cents 2005 194,333,520 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Five Cents 2006 306,500,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Five Cents 2007 59,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Five Cents 2008 200,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Five Cents 2009 83,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Five Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern 7,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Five Cents 2010 55,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Five Cents 2011 44,800,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Five Cents 2012 68,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Five Cents 2013 78,700,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Five Cents 2014 58,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Five Cents 2015 21,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Five Cents 2016 34,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Five Cents 2016 Changeover 4,700,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Five Cents 2017 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Five Cents 2018 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
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Five Cents 2016 Changeover: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeFive Cents
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Face Value5 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
Mintage4,700,000 (4.7 million)
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)19.5300
Mass (g)2.8300