Crown 1847 Gothic, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Crown 1847 Gothic, Coin from United Kingdom (withdrawn 1971)
CoinCrown 1847 Gothic

First issued in 1847, William Wyon RA’s Gothic Crown is one of the most beautiful coins ever struck by The Royal Mint. Inspired in part by the Scottish artist William Dyce RA, the obverse and reverse designs are works of genius, produced by the engraver William Wyon at the very peak of his creative career. Coveted by Victorian numismatists and mostly collected straight from the Bank of England, only 8,000 silver along with a handful of gold coins were struck.

While this is not a rare coin, its glamorous design makes this coin always in demand. The type was also issued in 1853 as a proof only. This design was never struck for circulation, but was reused on the Gothic Florin between 1848 and 1887.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage8,000
Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases
(affiliate ad)
Obverse
United Kingdom / Crown 1847 Gothic - obverse photo

Within a decorated border, the obverse of the coin shows the young crowned bust of Queen Victoria, facing left; the effigy is by William Wyon and is widely known as her "Gothic Portrait".

The Queen's hair is braided and held back in a bun, with a braid looping around her ear. Her dress is decorated with rose, thistle and shamrock - the national plants of the constituent nations of the United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Ireland respectively).

Around, the monarch's legend: Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: - abbreviated from Victoria dei gratia britanniarum regina, fidei defensor; translated from Latin, Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith. The lettering is in ornate Gothic script, giving the coin its popular name, the Gothic Crown.

Obverse Inscription Victoria dei gratia britanniar. reg: f: d
Reverse
United Kingdom / Crown 1847 Gothic - reverse photo

Within a decorated border, the reverse design represents the three nations brought together by the Act of Union in 1801 and depicts a crowned cruciform (in a cross pattern) shields bearing the three lions passant of England (twice, in positions 1 and 3), the lion rampant of Scotland (2), and the harp of Ireland (4). The shields are contained within a deeply tressured circular panel. In the angles are two roses, a shamrock and a thistle - the national plants of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. In the centre there is a four-leafed flower.

At centre, a small flag of the Union (commonly known as The Union Jack), surrounded by the Order of the Garter inscribed with its motto HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE (translated from Old French: May he be shamed who thinks badly of it).

Around above, interrupted by St Edward's crown on top of the English shield, the inscription tueatur unita deus - May God guard these United (Kingdoms). Around below, also interrupted by the crown, the date of issue in Latin: anno dom mdcccxlvii - abbreviated from Anno domini MDCCCXLVII - Year of Our Lord 1847. As on the obverse, all the lettering is in ornate Gothic style.

Reverse Inscription tueatur unita deus anno dom mdcccxlvii
EdgeInscribed (raised lettering)Edge InscriptionDecus et tutamen. anno regni undecimo.
Notes

The edge lettering Decus et tutamen. anno regni undecimo. means "an ornament and a safeguard" (referring to the role of the edge as protection against clipping of the coin), regnal year eleventh.

See also

The Gothic Crown design has been issued and re-issued in the following formats:
- Gothic Crown 1847 (the original edition)
- Gothic Crown 1853 (proof only re-issue)
- 10 kg Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 5 kg Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 2 kg Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 1 kg Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 1 kg Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 10 oz Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 5 oz Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 5 oz Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 2 oz Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 2 oz Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- Five Sovereigns Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 1 oz Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- Double Sovereign Gothic Crown, Saint Helena 2019
- Quarter Sovereign Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 0.5 g Gold Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 2 kg Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 1 kg Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 1 kg Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 10 oz Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 10 oz Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 5 oz Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 2 oz Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, United Kingdom 2021
- 2 oz Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021
- 1 oz Silver Proof, Gothic Crown, Alderney 2021

Crown 1847 Gothic: Known varieties
Variety Proof, Undecimo on edge
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)
Variety Proof, plain edge
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)
Variety Proof, Septimo on edge
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)
Details

The edge description says Anno regni septimo in error. According to the Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1649 - 1971, "excessively rare".

Crown 1847 Gothic: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proofs: septimo and plain edge
All (45) coins of type: Crown
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Crown 1818 155,232 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIVS III D : G : BRITANNIARUM REX F: D: 1818
Crown 1819 683,496 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIVS III D : G : BRITANNIARUM REX F: D: 1819
Crown 1820 448,272 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIVS III D : G : BRITANNIARUM REX F: D: 1820
Crown 1821 437,976 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Crown 1822 124,929 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Crown 1825 (Proof only) unknown Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Crown 1826 (Proof only) 150 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Crown 1831 (Proof only) 100 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Crown 1834 (Pattern) unknown King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Crown 1839 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Crown 1844 94,248 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Crown 1845 159,192 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Crown 1847 140,976 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Crown 1847 Gothic 8,000 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria dei gratia britanniar. reg: f: d
Crown 1853 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria dei gratia britanniar. reg: f: d
Crown 1887 274,665 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D:
Crown 1888 131,899 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D:
Crown 1889 1,807,223 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D:
Crown 1890 997,862 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D:
Crown 1891 566,394 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D:
Crown 1892 451,334 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITT: REG: F: D:
Crown 1893 499,157 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1894 144,906 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1895 252,862 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1896 317,599 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1897 252,118 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1898 161,450 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1899 166,300 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1900 353,356 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA. DEI. GRA. BRITT. REGINA. FID. DEF. IND. IMP.
Crown 1902 271,143 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Crown 1927 (Proof only) 15,030 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1928 9,034 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1929 4,994 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1930 4,847 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1931 4,056 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1932 2,395 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1933 7,132 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1934 932 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1935 Rocking Horse 717,269 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V. DG. BRITT: OMN: REX. FD. IND: IMP:
Crown 1936 2,473 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Crown 1937 445,101 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX.
Crown 1951 Festival of Britain 2,003,540 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F: D: FIVE SHILLINGS
Crown 1953 6,002,621 On Horseback, by Gilbert Ledward ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · BRITT OMN · REGINA · FIDEI · DEFENSOR
Crown 1960 1,094,038 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F. D. FIVE SHILLINGS
Crown 1965 Churchill 19,640,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F. D. 1965
Advertising
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Crown 1847 Gothic: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Coin TypeGothic Crown
Issued1847
MonarchQueen Victoria
EffigyQueen Victoria - Gothic Portrait by William Wyon
Face Value5 (x Shilling)
Total Mintage8,000
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1971
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerWilliam Wyon
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size39.000 mm
Mass28.276 g
OCC IDPNXY-DONZ-CRGG-OVRB
Share or Bookmark this Page
Crown 1847 Gothic: Photos
ImageDetails
Gothic Crown
Copyright: Chards
Source
Gothic Crown
Copyright: Chards
Source
Coin - Crown (Gothic), Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1847
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - Crown (Gothic), Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1847
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Crown 1847 Gothic: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3883, 3884 (Septimo)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 744
Davenport106