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Detailed information about Coin: Sovereign 1831 from United Kingdom

Coin: Sovereign 1831
Description

The reform coinage Sovereign of 1817 onward was issued as a normal circulation type coin, and also as a proof.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1 (x Pound) TypeSovereign (pre-Victorian)
Year1831 CurrentNo (demonetised 1891)
Mintage598,697 (598697) RarityR2 (Very Rare)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 598,772 (598772), Rarity: R2 (Very Rare)
MaterialGold DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchKing William IV EffigyPortrait by William Wyon
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)22.0500 Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9800
Obverse

Bare head of King William IV facing right; incuse on truncation of neck the artist's initials W.W. (for William Wyon); around, the monarch's legend GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D: (William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, King of the Britains, Defender of the Faith).

Obverse inscription GULIELMUS IIII BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Reverse

Garnished square topped shield, crowned; the shield is quartered with the arms of England (1 & 4), Scotland (2) and Ireland (3) with the crowned arms of the Kingdom of Hanover (previously the Electorate of Brunswick-L√ľneburg) at the centre; around below, ANNO 1831 (year 1831).

Reverse inscriptionANNO 1831
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Remick, Jerome. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins, Regency Coins and Stamps Ltd, Winnipeg, Canada, 1971, p257
[Book] Marsh, Michael A. The Gold Sovereign. Cambridge Coins, Cambridge, UK, 1980. (2017 ed. pp 21-26)

Sovereign 1831: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof FDC plain edge (Marsh 16D) 150 (included in main number), Rarity: S (Scarce) (hover mouse for text)
WW without stops (Marsh 16A) unknown (included in main number), Rarity: R5 (9 to 14 examples known) (hover mouse for text)
Proof, first bust, WW with no stops (Marsh 16B) unknown, Rarity: R6 (4 to 8 examples known)
Second bust (Marsh 16C) unknown (included in main number), Rarity: R5 (9 to 14 examples known) (hover mouse for text)
Sovereign 1831: Photos
Sovereign 1831: Photo Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Sovereign 1831: Photo Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Sovereign 1831: Photo Great Britain 1831 sovereign
Great Britain 1831 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Sovereign 1831: Photo Great Britain 1831 sovereign
Great Britain 1831 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Sovereign 1831: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Marsh, The Gold Sovereign16, 16A, 16B, 16C, 16D
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 717
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldGreat Britain 241
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3829, 3829A (WW), 3829B (Proof plain edge)
Sovereign 1831: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage Circulation and proof mintage
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link Proof
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
Marsh, The Gold Sovereign 1980 Varieties
Sovereign 1831: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
Gold Sovereigns: 1831 British Gold Sovereigns For Sale - William IV
Sovereign 1831: Some useful external links
Great Britain 1831 sovereign - CoinFactsWiki William IIII 1831 Gold Sovereigns Information
Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
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List of all (148) coins of type: United Kingdom / Sovereign (Pre-Decimal)
Sovereign 1817 Sovereign 1818 Sovereign 1819 Sovereign 1820 Sovereign 1821 Sovereign 1822
Sovereign 1823 Sovereign 1824 St George Sovereign 1824 Shield (Pattern) Sovereign 1825 St George Sovereign 1825 Shield Sovereign 1826
Sovereign 1827 Sovereign 1828 Sovereign 1829 Sovereign 1830 George IV Sovereign 1830 William IV Sovereign 1831
Sovereign 1832 Sovereign 1833 Sovereign 1835 Sovereign 1836 Sovereign 1837 William IV Sovereign 1837 Victoria
Sovereign 1838 Sovereign 1839 Sovereign 1841 Sovereign 1842 Sovereign 1843 Sovereign 1844
Sovereign 1845 Sovereign 1846 Sovereign 1847 Sovereign 1848 Sovereign 1849 Sovereign 1850
Sovereign 1851 Sovereign 1852 Sovereign 1853 Sovereign 1854 Sovereign 1855 Sovereign 1856
Sovereign 1857 Sovereign 1858 Sovereign 1859 Sovereign 1860 Sovereign 1861 Sovereign 1862
Sovereign 1863 Sovereign 1864 Sovereign 1865 Sovereign 1866 Sovereign 1868 Sovereign 1869
Sovereign 1870 Sovereign 1871 Shield Sovereign 1871 St George Sovereign 1872 Shield Sovereign 1872 St George Sovereign 1873 Shield
Sovereign 1873 St George Sovereign 1874 Shield Sovereign 1874 St George Sovereign 1875 Shield Sovereign 1875 St George Sovereign 1876 St George
Sovereign 1877 Shield Sovereign 1877 St George Sovereign 1878 Shield Sovereign 1878 St George Sovereign 1879 Shield Sovereign 1879 St George
Sovereign 1880 Shield Sovereign 1880 St George Sovereign 1881 Shield Sovereign 1881 St George Sovereign 1882 Shield Sovereign 1882 St George
Sovereign 1883 Shield Sovereign 1883 St George Sovereign 1884 Shield Sovereign 1884 St George Sovereign 1885 Shield Sovereign 1885 St George
Sovereign 1886 Shield Sovereign 1886 St George Sovereign 1887 Shield Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head Sovereign 1888
Sovereign 1889 Sovereign 1890 Sovereign 1891 Sovereign 1892 Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head Sovereign 1893 Veiled head
Sovereign 1894 Sovereign 1895 Sovereign 1896 Sovereign 1897 Sovereign 1898 Sovereign 1899
Sovereign 1900 Sovereign 1901 Sovereign 1902 Sovereign 1903 Sovereign 1904 Sovereign 1905
Sovereign 1906 Sovereign 1907 Sovereign 1908 Sovereign 1909 Sovereign 1910 Sovereign 1911
Sovereign 1912 Sovereign 1913 Sovereign 1914 Sovereign 1915 Sovereign 1916 Sovereign 1917
Sovereign 1918 Sovereign 1919 Sovereign 1920 Sovereign 1921 Sovereign 1922 Sovereign 1923
Sovereign 1924 Sovereign 1925 Sovereign 1926 Sovereign 1927 Sovereign 1928 Sovereign 1929
Sovereign 1930 Sovereign 1931 Sovereign 1932 Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) Sovereign 1953 (not released)
Sovereign 1957 Sovereign 1958 Sovereign 1959 Sovereign 1962 Sovereign 1963 Sovereign 1964
Sovereign 1965 Sovereign 1966 Sovereign 1967 Sovereign 1968