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Detailed information about Coin: Sovereign 1863 from United Kingdom

Coin: Sovereign 1863
Description

In 1863, die numbers were introduced on the reverse of sovereigns. This was done to assist with production and quality control, and the practice continued on most London Mint sovereigns. These are located between the wreath and the rose on the bottom of the reverse.

Also, a small quantity were issued with an obverse die number "827" in raised numerals on the truncation of the neck. These are rare, but exist in at least two varieties, the first without reverse die number, and the second with reverse die number 22.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1 (x Pound) TypeSovereign (Shield)
Year1863 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage5,921,669 (5.9 million) RarityC (Common)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 5,921,669 (5.9 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchQueen Victoria EffigyPortrait by William Wyon (Young Head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)22.0500 Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9881
Obverse

Young head of Queen Victoria facing left wearing ribbon (double fillet) in her hair; the hair is collected up into a knot behind; around, the legend VICTORIA DEI GRATIA (Victoria, by the Grace of God); the designer's initials W.W. (for William Wyon) are incuse on the neck truncation.

In the field below the neck truncation, the date 1863.

Obverse inscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1863
Reverse

The Ensigns Armorial of the United Kingdom within a plain shield quartered with the arms of England (1 & 4), Scotland (2) and Ireland (3), surmounted by a crown. A branch of laurel is shown on each side of the shield, tied at the bottom by a ribbon. At the bottom, the Thistle, Rose and Shamrock (symbols of Scotland, England and Ireland respectively) are placed with a small flower stop on each side.

Around, the rest of the monarch's legend (continuing from the obverse): BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF: (Queen of the Britains, Defender of the Faith).

No die number on the reverse of most 1863 coins, then die number introduced (located between the ribbon beneath the shield and the rose).

Known die numbers (as per Marsh 2017): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 (25, 26 and 38 not confirmed).

Reverse inscriptionBRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF:
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

Type IA by Marsh (no die number), or IB (with die number on reverse).

References to additional information:

[Book] Remick, Jerome. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins, Regency Coins and Stamps Ltd, Winnipeg, Canada, 1971, p258
[Book] Marsh, Michael A. The Gold Sovereign. Cambridge Coins, Cambridge, UK, 1980. (2017 ed. pp 27-40)

Sovereign 1863: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
With die number (Marsh 48) unknown (included in main number), Rarity: N (Normal) (hover mouse for text)
Die number 827 on truncation (Marsh 46A) unknown (included in main number), Rarity: R6 (4 to 8 examples known) (hover mouse for text)
Die numbers on both sides (Marsh 48A) unknown (included in main number), Rarity: R5 (9 to 14 examples known) (hover mouse for text)
1 over inverted 1, or Roman I in date, no die number (Marsh 46B) unknown (included in main number), Rarity: R2 (Very Rare)
Proof, no die number (Marsh 46C) unknown, Rarity: R6 (4 to 8 examples known)
Sovereign 1863: Photos
Sovereign 1863: Photo Great Britain 1863 sovereign
Great Britain 1863 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: No die number.
source
Sovereign 1863: Photo Great Britain 1863 sovereign
Great Britain 1863 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: No die number.
source
Sovereign 1863: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Marsh, The Gold Sovereign46, 46A, 46B, 46C (no die number)
Marsh, The Gold Sovereign48, 48A (with die number)
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldGreat Britain 245
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 736.1 (No die number)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 736.2 (With die number)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3852D (No die number)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3852D (No number), 3852F (Number on truncation)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3853 (Die number), 3853A (Numbers on both sides)
Sovereign 1863: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Marsh, The Gold Sovereign 2017 Coin description
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Marsh, The Gold Sovereign Varieties Die numbers
Sovereign 1863: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
Gold Sovereigns: 1863 Gold Sovereign Victoria Young Head Shield Gold Sovereigns: 1863 Gold Sovereign Victoria Young Head Shield - 827 Variety
Sovereign 1863: Some useful external links
Great Britain 1863 sovereign - CoinFactsWiki Victoria 1863 Gold Sovereigns
American Numismatic Society: Gold sovereign, London (England)
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American Bullion Inc. - Invest in Silver
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List of all (149) coins of type: United Kingdom / Sovereign (Pre-Decimal)
Sovereign 1817 Sovereign 1818 Sovereign 1819 Sovereign 1820 Sovereign 1821 Sovereign 1822
Sovereign 1823 Sovereign 1824 St George Sovereign 1824 Shield (Pattern) Sovereign 1825 St George Sovereign 1825 Shield Sovereign 1826
Sovereign 1827 Sovereign 1828 Sovereign 1829 Sovereign 1830 George IV Sovereign 1830 William IV Sovereign 1831
Sovereign 1832 Sovereign 1833 Sovereign 1835 Sovereign 1836 Sovereign 1837 William IV Sovereign 1837 Victoria
Sovereign 1838 Sovereign 1839 Sovereign 1841 Sovereign 1842 Sovereign 1843 Sovereign 1844
Sovereign 1845 Sovereign 1846 Sovereign 1847 Sovereign 1848 Sovereign 1849 Sovereign 1850
Sovereign 1851 Sovereign 1852 Sovereign 1853 Sovereign 1854 Sovereign 1855 Sovereign 1856
Sovereign 1857 Sovereign 1858 Sovereign 1859 Sovereign 1860 Sovereign 1861 Sovereign 1862
Sovereign 1863 Sovereign 1864 Sovereign 1865 Sovereign 1866 Sovereign 1868 Sovereign 1869
Sovereign 1870 Sovereign 1871 Shield Sovereign 1871 St George Sovereign 1872 Shield Sovereign 1872 St George Sovereign 1873 Shield
Sovereign 1873 St George Sovereign 1874 Shield Sovereign 1874 St George Sovereign 1875 Shield Sovereign 1875 St George Sovereign 1876 Shield
Sovereign 1876 St George Sovereign 1877 Shield Sovereign 1877 St George Sovereign 1878 Shield Sovereign 1878 St George Sovereign 1879 Shield
Sovereign 1879 St George Sovereign 1880 Shield Sovereign 1880 St George Sovereign 1881 Shield Sovereign 1881 St George Sovereign 1882 Shield
Sovereign 1882 St George Sovereign 1883 Shield Sovereign 1883 St George Sovereign 1884 Shield Sovereign 1884 St George Sovereign 1885 Shield
Sovereign 1885 St George Sovereign 1886 Shield Sovereign 1886 St George Sovereign 1887 Shield Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head
Sovereign 1888 Sovereign 1889 Sovereign 1890 Sovereign 1891 Sovereign 1892 Sovereign 1893 Veiled head
Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head Sovereign 1894 Sovereign 1895 Sovereign 1896 Sovereign 1897 Sovereign 1898
Sovereign 1899 Sovereign 1900 Sovereign 1901 Sovereign 1902 Sovereign 1903 Sovereign 1904
Sovereign 1905 Sovereign 1906 Sovereign 1907 Sovereign 1908 Sovereign 1909 Sovereign 1910
Sovereign 1911 Sovereign 1912 Sovereign 1913 Sovereign 1914 Sovereign 1915 Sovereign 1916
Sovereign 1917 Sovereign 1918 Sovereign 1919 Sovereign 1920 Sovereign 1921 Sovereign 1922
Sovereign 1923 Sovereign 1924 Sovereign 1925 Sovereign 1926 Sovereign 1927 Sovereign 1928
Sovereign 1929 Sovereign 1930 Sovereign 1931 Sovereign 1932 Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) Sovereign 1937 (Proof only)
Sovereign 1953 (not released) Sovereign 1957 Sovereign 1958 Sovereign 1959 Sovereign 1962 Sovereign 1963
Sovereign 1964 Sovereign 1965 Sovereign 1966 Sovereign 1967 Sovereign 1968