Sovereign (Pre-Decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Sovereign (Pre-Decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1817 - 1968)
Coin TypeSovereign (Pre-Decimal)

The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. Prior to 1932 it was a fully circulating coin within Britain's then Gold Standard currency.

Sovereigns have been minted in the United Kingdom from 1817 to 1917, in 1925, and from 1957 to the present. In the past Australia, Canada, and South Africa all occasionally minted the coins.

In Victorian times it was the practice of the Bank of England to remove worn sovereigns and half sovereigns from circulation and to have them recoined. Consequently, although a billion sovereigns have been minted in total, that figure includes gold that has been coined and recoined a number of times. In addition, when coins were sent to places such as the United States for international payments between governments, they were frequently melted down into gold bars because of the Federal regulations then in force. When gold coins were finally withdrawn from circulation in 1933 in the US, many thousands of British gold sovereigns were consigned to the melting pot in this way.

It is estimated that in circulation a sovereign could have a lifespan of up to 15 years before it fell below the "least current weight", that is, the minimum amount of gold below which it ceased to be legal tender.

English law allows a sovereign to be legal tender so long as it weighs 7.93787 g (0.280000 oz), or more; and the difference between this and the full standard weight of 7.98805 g (0.281770 oz) (approx. 0.6%) represents the margin allowed for abrasion.

It was actually the half-sovereign that had the most circulation in Victorian Britain. Many sovereigns languished in bank vaults for most of their lives. In 1889 and 1890 Orders in Council were made permitting members of the general public to hand in any gold coins that were underweight and have them replaced by full-weight coins. A proclamation was subsequently issued in November 1890 that any gold coin struck before 1837 would cease to be legal tender with effect from 28 February 1891. This recycled gold was subsequently reminted into 13,680,486 half sovereigns in 1892 and 10,846,741 sovereigns in 1900. (Both figures are for the London branch of the Royal Mint.)

Sovereign obverse (heads) dies were also used in the nineteenth century to create farthings once they had become worn. (An obverse die could typically produce 100,000 coins.)

Composition: 0.9167 gold, 0.0833 copper.

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

Reverse Inscription
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for one sovereign coins is 22.5mm.

References to additional information:

[Book] Marsh, Michael A., M.A. Marsh Publications 2002. The Gold Sovereign.

All Coins of Type: Sovereign (Pre-Decimal) (148)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Sovereign 1817 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1817 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1817 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,235,239
Sovereign 1818 Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,347,230
Sovereign 1819 Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,574
Sovereign 1820 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1820 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1820 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 931,994
Sovereign 1821 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1821 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1821 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,405,114
Sovereign 1822 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1822 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1822 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,356,787
Sovereign 1823 Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 616,770
Sovereign 1824 St George Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,767,904
Sovereign 1824 Shield (Pattern) Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Sovereign 1825 St George Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,200,343
Sovereign 1825 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1825 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1825 Shield - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,200,343
Sovereign 1826 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1826 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1826 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,724,196
Sovereign 1827 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1827 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1827 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,266,629
Sovereign 1828 Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 386,182
Sovereign 1829 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1829 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1829 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,444,652
Sovereign 1830 George IV United Kingdom / Sovereign 1830 George IV - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1830 George IV - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,387,881
Sovereign 1830 William IV Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Sovereign 1831 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1831 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1831 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 598,697
Sovereign 1832 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1832 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1832 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,737,065
Sovereign 1833 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1833 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1833 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,225,269
Sovereign 1835 Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 723,441
Sovereign 1836 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1836 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1836 - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,714,349
Sovereign 1837 William IV United Kingdom / Sovereign 1837 William IV - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1837 William IV - obverse photo Material: Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,172,984
Sovereign 1837 Victoria Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Sovereign 1838 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1838 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1838 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,718,694
Sovereign 1839 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1839 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1839 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 503,695
Sovereign 1841 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 124,054
Sovereign 1842 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1842 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1842 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,865,375
Sovereign 1843 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1843 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1843 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,981,968
Sovereign 1844 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1844 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1844 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,000,445
Sovereign 1845 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,800,845
Sovereign 1846 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,802,947
Sovereign 1847 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1847 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1847 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,667,126
Sovereign 1848 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1848 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1848 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,246,701
Sovereign 1849 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1849 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1849 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,755,399
Sovereign 1850 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,402,039
Sovereign 1851 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1851 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1851 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,013,624
Sovereign 1852 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1852 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1852 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,053,435
Sovereign 1853 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1853 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1853 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,597,993
Sovereign 1854 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1854 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1854 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,589,611
Sovereign 1855 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1855 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1855 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,448,482
Sovereign 1856 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1856 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1856 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,806,160
Sovereign 1857 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1857 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1857 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,495,748
Sovereign 1858 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 803,234
Sovereign 1859 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1859 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1859 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,715,142
Sovereign 1860 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,555,958
Sovereign 1861 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1861 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1861 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,624,736
Sovereign 1862 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1862 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1862 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,836,413
Sovereign 1863 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1863 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1863 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,921,669
Sovereign 1864 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1864 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1864 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,656,352
Sovereign 1865 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1865 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1865 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,450,238
Sovereign 1866 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1866 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1866 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,047,288
Sovereign 1868 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1868 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1868 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,653,384
Sovereign 1869 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1869 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1869 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,441,322
Sovereign 1870 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1870 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1870 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,189,960
Sovereign 1871 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1871 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1871 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 8,767,250
- Sydney Mint: 2,814,000
Total Mintage: 11,581,250
Sovereign 1871 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1871 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1871 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 8,767,250
- Sydney Mint: 2,814,000
Total Mintage: 11,581,250
Sovereign 1872 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1872 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1872 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 13,486,708
- Sydney Mint: 1,815,000
- Melbourne Mint: 748,000
Total Mintage: 16,049,708
Sovereign 1872 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1872 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1872 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 13,486,708
- Sydney Mint: 1,815,000
- Melbourne Mint: 748,000
Total Mintage: 16,049,708
Sovereign 1873 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1873 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1873 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 2,368,215
- Sydney Mint: 1,478,000
Total Mintage: 3,846,215
Sovereign 1873 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1873 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1873 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 2,368,215
- Sydney Mint: 1,478,000
- Melbourne Mint: 752,000
Total Mintage: 4,598,215
Sovereign 1874 Shield Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 1,373,000
- Royal Mint: 520,713
Total Mintage: 1,893,713
Sovereign 1874 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1874 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1874 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Sydney Mint: 1,899,000
- Melbourne Mint: 1,373,000
- Royal Mint: 520,713
Total Mintage: 3,792,713
Sovereign 1875 Shield Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Sydney Mint
Mintage: 2,122,000
Sovereign 1875 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1875 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1875 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Sydney Mint: 2,122,000
- Melbourne Mint: 1,888,000
Total Mintage: 4,010,000
Sovereign 1876 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1876 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1876 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 3,318,866
- Melbourne Mint: 2,124,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,613,000
Total Mintage: 7,055,866
Sovereign 1877 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1877 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1877 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Sydney Mint
Mintage: 1,590,000
Sovereign 1877 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1877 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1877 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 1,487,000
- Sydney Mint: 2
Total Mintage: 1,487,002
Sovereign 1878 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1878 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1878 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Sydney Mint
Mintage: 1,259,000
Sovereign 1878 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1878 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1878 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,171,000
- Royal Mint London: 1,091,275
Total Mintage: 3,262,275
Sovereign 1879 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1879 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1879 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Sydney Mint: 1,366,000
- Royal Mint London: unknown
Total Mintage: 1,366,000
Sovereign 1879 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1879 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1879 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,740,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,366,000
- Royal Mint London: 20,013
Total Mintage: 4,126,013
Sovereign 1880 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1880 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1880 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 3,052,800
- Sydney Mint: 1,459,000
- Royal Mint London: unknown
Total Mintage: 4,511,800
Sovereign 1880 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1880 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1880 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 3,650,080
- Melbourne Mint: 3,052,800
- Sydney Mint: 1,459,000
Total Mintage: 8,161,880
Sovereign 1881 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1881 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1881 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,324,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,360,000
Total Mintage: 3,684,000
Sovereign 1881 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1881 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1881 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,324,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,360,000
Total Mintage: 3,684,000
Sovereign 1882 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1882 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1882 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,466,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,298,000
Total Mintage: 3,764,000
Sovereign 1882 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1882 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1882 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,466,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,298,000
Total Mintage: 3,764,000
Sovereign 1883 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1883 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1883 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Sydney Mint: 1,108,000
- Melbourne Mint: 427,450
Total Mintage: 1,535,450
Sovereign 1883 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1883 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1883 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,050,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,108,000
Total Mintage: 3,158,000
Sovereign 1884 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1884 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1884 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,942,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,595,000
Total Mintage: 4,537,000
Sovereign 1884 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1884 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1884 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,942,000
- Royal Mint London: 1,769,635
- Sydney Mint: 1,595,000
Total Mintage: 6,306,635
Sovereign 1885 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1885 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1885 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,956,500
- Sydney Mint: 1,486,000
Total Mintage: 4,442,500
Sovereign 1885 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1885 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1885 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,956,500
- Sydney Mint: 1,486,000
- Royal Mint London: 717,723
Total Mintage: 5,160,223
Sovereign 1886 Shield United Kingdom / Sovereign 1886 Shield - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1886 Shield - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,901,500
- Sydney Mint: 1,667,000
- Royal Mint London: unknown
Total Mintage: 4,568,500
Sovereign 1886 St George United Kingdom / Sovereign 1886 St George - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1886 St George - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,901,500
- Sydney Mint: 1,667,000
Total Mintage: 4,568,500
Sovereign 1887 Shield Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 1,915,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,000,000
- Royal Mint London: unknown
Total Mintage: 2,915,000
Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head United Kingdom / Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 1,915,000
- Sydney Mint: 1,000,000
- Royal Mint London: unknown
Total Mintage: 2,915,000
Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head United Kingdom / Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 1,112,077
- Sydney Mint: 1,002,000
- Melbourne Mint: 940,000
Total Mintage: 3,054,077
Sovereign 1888 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1888 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1888 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 2,830,000
- Royal Mint London: 2,277,424
- Sydney Mint: 2,187,000
Total Mintage: 7,294,424
Sovereign 1889 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1889 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1889 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 7,257,455
- Sydney Mint: 3,262,000
- Melbourne Mint: 2,732,000
Total Mintage: 13,251,455
Sovereign 1890 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1890 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1890 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 6,529,887
- Sydney Mint: 2,808,000
- Melbourne Mint: 2,473,537
Total Mintage: 11,811,424
Sovereign 1891 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1891 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1891 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 6,329,476
- Melbourne Mint: 2,749,592
- Sydney Mint: 2,596,000
Total Mintage: 11,675,068
Sovereign 1892 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1892 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1892 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 7,104,720
- Melbourne Mint: 3,488,750
- Sydney Mint: 2,837,000
Total Mintage: 13,430,470
Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head United Kingdom / Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 1,649,352
- Sydney Mint: 1,498,000
Total Mintage: 3,147,352
Sovereign 1893 Veiled head United Kingdom / Sovereign 1893 Veiled head - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1893 Veiled head - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 6,899,033
- Melbourne Mint: 1,914,400
- Sydney Mint: 1,346,000
Total Mintage: 10,159,433
Sovereign 1894 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1894 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1894 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 4,166,874
- Royal Mint London: 3,782,611
- Sydney Mint: 3,067,000
Total Mintage: 11,016,485
Sovereign 1895 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1895 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1895 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 4,165,869
- Sydney Mint: 2,758,000
- Royal Mint London: 2,285,317
Total Mintage: 9,209,186
Sovereign 1896 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1896 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1896 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 4,456,932
- Royal Mint London: 3,334,065
- Sydney Mint: 2,544,000
Total Mintage: 10,334,997
Sovereign 1897 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1897 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1897 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 5,130,565
- Sydney Mint: 2,532,000
Total Mintage: 7,662,565
Sovereign 1898 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1898 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1898 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 5,509,138
- Royal Mint London: 4,361,347
- Sydney Mint: 2,548,000
Total Mintage: 12,418,485
Sovereign 1899 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1899 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1899 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 7,515,978
- Melbourne Mint: 5,579,157
- Sydney Mint: 3,259,000
- Perth Mint: 690,992
Total Mintage: 17,045,127
Sovereign 1900 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1900 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1900 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 10,846,741
- Melbourne Mint: 4,305,904
- Sydney Mint: 3,586,000
- Perth Mint: 1,866,089
Total Mintage: 20,604,734
Sovereign 1901 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1901 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1901 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 3,987,701
- Sydney Mint: 3,012,000
- Perth Mint: 2,889,333
- Royal Mint London: 1,578,948
Total Mintage: 11,467,982
Sovereign 1902 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1902 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1902 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 4,752,919
- Perth Mint: 4,289,122
- Melbourne Mint: 4,267,157
- Sydney Mint: 2,813,000
Total Mintage: 16,122,198
Sovereign 1903 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1903 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1903 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 8,888,627
- Perth Mint: 4,674,783
- Melbourne Mint: 3,521,780
- Sydney Mint: 2,806,000
Total Mintage: 19,891,190
Sovereign 1904 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1904 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1904 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 10,041,369
- Perth Mint: 4,506,756
- Melbourne Mint: 3,743,897
- Sydney Mint: 2,986,000
Total Mintage: 21,278,022
Sovereign 1905 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1905 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1905 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 5,910,403
- Perth Mint: 4,876,193
- Melbourne Mint: 3,633,838
- Sydney Mint: 2,778,000
Total Mintage: 17,198,434
Sovereign 1906 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1906 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1906 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 10,466,981
- Perth Mint: 4,829,817
- Melbourne Mint: 3,657,853
- Sydney Mint: 2,792,000
Total Mintage: 21,746,651
Sovereign 1907 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1907 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1907 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 18,458,663
- Perth Mint: 4,972,289
- Melbourne Mint: 3,332,691
- Sydney Mint: 2,539,000
Total Mintage: 29,302,643
Sovereign 1908 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1908 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1908 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 11,729,006
- Perth Mint: 4,875,617
- Melbourne Mint: 3,080,148
- Sydney Mint: 2,017,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 636
Total Mintage: 21,702,207
Sovereign 1909 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1909 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1909 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 12,157,099
- Perth Mint: 4,524,241
- Melbourne Mint: 3,029,538
- Sydney Mint: 2,057,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 16,273
Total Mintage: 21,784,151
Sovereign 1910 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1910 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1910 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 22,379,624
- Perth Mint: 4,690,625
- Melbourne Mint: 3,054,547
- Sydney Mint: 2,135,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 28,012
Total Mintage: 32,287,808
Sovereign 1911 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1911 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1911 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 30,047,869
- Perth Mint: 4,373,165
- Melbourne Mint: 2,851,451
- Sydney Mint: 2,519,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 256,946
Total Mintage: 40,048,431
Sovereign 1912 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1912 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1912 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 30,317,921
- Perth Mint: 4,278,144
- Melbourne Mint: 2,469,257
- Sydney Mint: 2,227,000
Total Mintage: 39,292,322
Sovereign 1913 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1913 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1913 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 24,539,672
- Perth Mint: 4,635,287
- Melbourne Mint: 2,323,180
- Sydney Mint: 2,249,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 3,715
Total Mintage: 33,750,854
Sovereign 1914 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1914 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1914 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 11,501,117
- Perth Mint: 4,815,996
- Melbourne Mint: 2,012,029
- Sydney Mint: 1,774,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 14,891
Total Mintage: 20,118,033
Sovereign 1915 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1915 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1915 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 20,295,280
- Perth Mint: 4,373,596
- Melbourne Mint: 1,637,839
- Sydney Mint: 1,346,000
Total Mintage: 27,652,715
Sovereign 1916 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1916 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1916 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 4,096,771
- Royal Mint London: 1,554,120
- Melbourne Mint: 1,272,634
- Sydney Mint: 1,242,000
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 6,111
Total Mintage: 8,171,636
Sovereign 1917 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1917 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1917 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 4,110,286
- Sydney Mint: 1,666,000
- Royal Mint London: 1,014,714
- Melbourne Mint: 934,469
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 15,845
Total Mintage: 7,741,314
Sovereign 1918 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1918 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1918 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 4,969,493
- Perth Mint: 3,812,884
- Sydney Mint: 3,716,000
- Bombay Mint: 1,295,372
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 106,516
Total Mintage: 13,900,265
Sovereign 1919 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1919 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1919 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 2,995,216
- Sydney Mint: 1,835,000
- Melbourne Mint: 514,257
- Royal Mint Ottawa: 135,889
Total Mintage: 5,480,498
Sovereign 1920 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 2,421,196
- Melbourne Mint: 530,000
- Sydney Mint: 360,000
Total Mintage: 3,311,196
Sovereign 1921 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 2,314,360
- Sydney Mint: 839,000
- Melbourne Mint: 240,121
Total Mintage: 3,339,481
Sovereign 1922 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1922 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1922 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 2,298,884
- Melbourne Mint: 608,306
- Sydney Mint: 578,000
Total Mintage: 3,485,190
Sovereign 1923 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1923 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1923 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 2,124,154
- Melbourne Mint: 510,870
- Sydney Mint: 416,000
- Pretoria Mint: 719
Total Mintage: 3,051,743
Sovereign 1924 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1924 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1924 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Perth Mint: 1,464,416
- Sydney Mint: 394,000
- Melbourne Mint: 278,140
- Pretoria Mint: 3,184
Total Mintage: 2,139,740
Sovereign 1925 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1925 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1925 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 6,086,264
- Sydney Mint: 5,632,000
- Royal Mint London: 4,406,431
- Melbourne Mint: 3,313,662
- Perth Mint: 1,837,901
Total Mintage: 21,276,258
Sovereign 1926 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1926 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1926 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 11,107,611
- Perth Mint: 1,313,578
- Sydney Mint: 1,031,050
- Melbourne Mint: 211,107
Total Mintage: 13,663,346
Sovereign 1927 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1927 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1927 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 16,379,704
- Perth Mint: 1,383,544
- Melbourne Mint: 310,156
Total Mintage: 18,073,404
Sovereign 1928 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1928 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1928 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 18,235,057
- Perth Mint: 1,333,417
- Melbourne Mint: 413,208
Total Mintage: 19,981,682
Sovereign 1929 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1929 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1929 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 12,024,107
- Perth Mint: 1,606,625
- Melbourne Mint: 436,719
Total Mintage: 14,067,451
Sovereign 1930 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1930 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1930 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 10,027,756
- Perth Mint: 1,915,352
- Melbourne Mint: 77,574
Total Mintage: 12,020,682
Sovereign 1931 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1931 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1931 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mints:
- Pretoria Mint: 8,511,792
- Perth Mint: 1,173,568
- Melbourne Mint: 57,779
Total Mintage: 9,743,139
Sovereign 1932 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1932 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1932 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Pretoria Mint
Mintage: 1,066,680
Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6
Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) United Kingdom / Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,501
Sovereign 1953 (not released) Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Sovereign 1957 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,072,000
Sovereign 1958 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1958 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1958 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,700,000
Sovereign 1959 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1959 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1959 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,385,228
Sovereign 1962 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,000,000
Sovereign 1963 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1963 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1963 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,400,000
Sovereign 1964 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,000,000
Sovereign 1965 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1965 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1965 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,800,000
Sovereign 1966 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1966 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1966 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,050,000
Sovereign 1967 United Kingdom / Sovereign 1967 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sovereign 1967 - obverse photo Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,000,000
Sovereign 1968 Material: 0.9167 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,203,000
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Sovereign (Pre-Decimal): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-types Sovereign (pre-Victorian)
Sovereign (Shield)
Sovereign (St George)
From1817
To1968
Face Value1 (x Pound)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material0.9167 Gold
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)22.0500
Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9881
Sovereign (Pre-Decimal): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Sovereign, George III, Great Britain, 1820
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: St George, within garter (1817 - 1825).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1843
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Crowned shield (1838 - 1887).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: St George (modern) (1871 - 1968).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, George III, Great Britain, 1820
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1817 - 1820).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1830 - 1837).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1852
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, "Young Head" portrait (1838 - 1887).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Canada, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1928).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, "small head" (1929 - 1932).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, George VI, Great Britain, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1937).
Source