Penny 1921, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Penny 1921, Coin from Australia (withdrawn 1966)
CoinPenny 1921

The Australian penny coin was a small circulating denomination of the Australian Pound. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal penny, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom; the currencies were fixed at par). It was worth one twelfth of an Australian shilling and 1/240 of an Australian pound.

The reverse of this first type of Australian penny coins features text only. In 1938, a new design superseded this one - featuring the iconic leaping kangaroo; the old type of coins remained in circulation.

Coins issued in 1921 were withdrawn at decimalisation in 1966 after 45 years in circulation, but have never been formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

MintMint markMintage
Melbourne Mint No mint mark 7,292,160
Sydney Mint No mint mark 146,160
Obverse
Australia / Penny 1921 - obverse photo

Crowned and draped bust of King George V facing left (crowned effigy by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal); the King is wearing the Imperial Crown and the ermine Robe of State, the Collar of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Badge of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.

The artist's initials BM are in relief on the bust truncation.

Around, the monarch's legend GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:. Translated from Latin: George the Fifth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Reverse
Australia / Penny 1921 - reverse photo

At centre within a circle of beads, the value and denomination ONE PENNY in two lines between upper and lower ornate scrolls.

Around above, outside the circle of beads, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA; below, the date · 1921 ·.

Reverse Inscription ONE PENNY COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA · 1921 ·
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

The mints did not use mint marks, so coins struck by the Melbourne Mint and the Sydney Mint are indistinguishable.

Penny 1921: Known varieties
Variety London Obverse
Mintage unknown
Details

The London obverse variation has 177 outer rim denticles.

Variety Indian Obverse
Mintage unknown
Details

The Indian obverse variation has 178 outer rim denticles.

Variety Proof (Melbourne Mint)
Mintage unknown
Penny 1921: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage Separate Melbourne and Sydney mintages
Australian Coin Chart 1965 Mintage Combined mintage only
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties London and Indian obverse
McDonald, Australian Coins and Banknotes Varieties Proof
All (53) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Penny
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1911 3,768,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1912 3,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1913 2,520,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1914 720,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1915 2,280,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1916 3,324,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1917 6,240,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1918 1,200,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1919 5,810,160 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1920 9,041,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1921 7,438,320 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1922 12,697,440 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1923 5,654,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1924 4,665,840 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1925 1,639,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1926 1,860,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1927 4,922,450 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1928 3,038,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1929 2,599,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1930 unknown Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1931 494,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1932 2,116,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1933 5,817,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1934 5,808,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1935 3,724,900 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1936 9,890,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1937 (pattern) 12 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1938 5,552,650 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1939 6,240,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1940 5,188,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1941 14,382,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1942 21,244,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1943 53,198,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1944 29,942,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1945 15,172,806 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1946 240,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1947 11,174,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1948 28,150,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1949 27,064,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 57,846,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 52,128,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 57,922,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 13,138,816 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Penny 1955 17,447,101 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1956 25,994,917 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1957 15,979,112 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1958 24,443,334 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1959 16,048,136 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1960 20,516,230 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1961 30,608,240 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1962 34,852,664 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1963 10,259,660 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1964 109,180,401 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
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Penny 1921: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypePenny - Commonwealth of Australia
Issued1921
MonarchKing George V
EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Mintage7,438,320
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
MaterialBronze
DesignerWilliam Henry James Blakemore
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)30.8000
Mass (g)9.4500
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Penny 1921: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1921
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1921
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Indian obverse.
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1921
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: London obverse.
Source
Penny 1921: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 23
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogAustralien Schön# 14
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB16 (Melbourne Mint) and B17 (Sydney Mint)
Australian Coin ChartP17