Australia: Coin Penny 1953 - detailed information

Australia: Coin Penny 1953
CoinPenny 1953

A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a laureate head of Elizabeth II facing right; around, ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA + The reverse features a kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1953 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail.

First One penny issue in Australia for Queen Elizabeth II.

On this issue the Perth mint mark was a dot after the word AUSTRALIA.

Specimens (proofs) were produced this year for official purposes only. According to CoinFactsWiki:

"Struck for Queen Elizabeth II's Coronation in 1953, a minuscule total of twelve, penny through florin, sets were officially produced at the Melbourne Mint, with the entire mintage ending up in the possession of the Chase Manhattan Bank in New York for their currency museum. Clearly, later deaccessioned or distributed, less than half of these have made their way to auction over the following six decades. The Halfpenny, missing from the standard Coronation set, was actually struck separately at the Perth mint (identified by the dot after Australia). While the true mintage remains unknown, its rarity likely even surpasses that of the sets."

Mints
NameMint markMintage
Melbourne Mint No mint mark 6,936,000 (6.9 million)
Perth Mint AUSTRALIA. 6,202,816 (6.2 million)
Obverse
Australia / Penny 1953 - obverse photo

Laureate bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (the effigy by Mary Gillick known as the "First portrait"); the designer's initials, M.G., appear incuse on the base of the neck truncation. The monarch's legend ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA + (Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen) runs continuously all around the bust.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Reverse
Australia / Penny 1953 - reverse photo

Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination PENNY; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1953 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail.

A dot after "AUSTRALIA" is the mint mark for the Perth Mint on this issue. Melbourne Mint coins have no mint mark.

Reverse Inscription AUSTRALIA 1953 PENNY
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Krause catalogues list the following mintages:
- Melbourne Mint: 6,936,000
- Perth Mint: 6,203,000

References to additional information:

[Article] Sharples, John P. Perth Mint Proof Record Coins 1940 - 1954. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 8
[Article] Pearce, Murray. 1987. Royal Titles and Australian Coins: the "Defender of the Faith" Controversy of 1953. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 3: 12-17.

Penny 1953: Known varieties
Variety Proof (Perth Mint) Australia / Penny 1953 / Proof (Perth Mint) - obverse photo Australia / Penny 1953 / Proof (Perth Mint) - reverse photo
Mintage 16 (included in total)
Variety Proof (Melbourne Mint) Australia / Penny 1953 / Proof (Melbourne Mint) - obverse photo Australia / Penny 1953 / Proof (Melbourne Mint) - reverse photo
Mintage unknown
Variety Long 5, no dot (Melbourne Mint)
Mintage unknown
DetailsVariation of the Melbourne pennies. Note: The Standard Australian Coin Catalogue 1965 lists these explicitly as "Perth", not "Melbourne". Renniks 1965 though says: "Melbourne; Long 5, different 3. No dot after Australia."
Penny 1953: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage Circulation mintage
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins 1988 Mintage Proof mintage
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Varieties Long 5
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
All Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Penny (53)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1911 3,768,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1912 3,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1913 2,520,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1914 720,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1915 2,280,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1916 3,324,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1917 6,240,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1918 1,200,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1919 5,810,160 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1920 9,041,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1921 7,438,320 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1922 12,697,440 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1923 5,654,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1924 4,665,840 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1925 1,639,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1926 1,860,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1927 4,922,450 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1928 3,038,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1929 2,599,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1930 unknown Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1931 494,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1932 2,116,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1933 5,817,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1934 5,808,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1935 3,724,900 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1936 9,890,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1937 (pattern) 12 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1938 5,552,650 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1939 6,240,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1940 5,188,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1941 14,382,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1942 21,244,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1943 53,198,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1944 29,942,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1945 15,172,806 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1946 240,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1947 11,174,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1948 28,150,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1949 27,064,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 57,846,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 52,128,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 57,922,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 13,138,816 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Penny 1955 17,447,101 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1956 25,994,917 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1957 15,979,112 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1958 24,443,334 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1959 16,048,136 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1960 20,516,230 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1961 30,608,240 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1962 34,852,664 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1963 10,259,660 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1964 109,180,401 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Advertising
Bullion Star - Buy and Store Bullion in Singapore
Bullion Star - Buy and Store Bullion in Singapore
Penny 1953: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypePenny - Kangaroo
Issued1953
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage13,138,816 (13.1 million)
MaterialBronze
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000
Mass (g)9.4500
Share or Bookmark this Page
Penny 1953: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
Source
Australia 1953(m) penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint. Proof.
Source
Australia 1953(m) penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint. Proof.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
Source
Penny 1953: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 50
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB64 (Melbourne), B65 (Perth) and B64A (Long 5)
Australian Coin ChartP66 (Melbourne), P67 (Perth) and P68 (Long 5)