Penny 1949, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Penny 1949, Coin from Australia (withdrawn 1966)
CoinPenny 1949

The Australian penny coin was a small circulating denomination of the Australian Pound. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal penny, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom; the currencies were fixed at par). It was worth one twelfth of an Australian shilling and 1/240 of an Australian pound.

The reverse of the first type of Australian penny coins featured text only. In 1938, this new design by George Kruger Gray superseded it - featuring the iconic leaping kangaroo.

Coins issued in 1949 were withdrawn at decimalisation in 1966 after 17 years in circulation, but have never been formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

MintMelbourne Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage27,064,800 (27.1 million)
Obverse
Australia / Penny 1949 - obverse photo

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.. Translated from Latin: George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith.

Below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Reverse
Australia / Penny 1949 - reverse photo

Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, the legend AUSTRALIA.

Around below, the denomination PENNY; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1949 is in the field below its tail.

The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the kangaroo's tail.

Reverse Inscription AUSTRALIA 1949 PENNY
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

On this penny issue the reference to the King as Emperor of India is dropped for the first time - due to the Independence of India - and the abbreviation F:D: for "Defender of the Faith" is expanded to FIDEI DEF.

Penny 1949: Known varieties
Variety Proof Australia / Penny 1949 / Proof - obverse photo Australia / Penny 1949 / Proof - reverse photo
Mintage unknown
Penny 1949: References to Information Used
All (53) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Penny
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1911 3,768,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1912 3,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1913 2,520,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1914 720,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1915 2,280,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1916 3,324,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1917 6,240,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1918 1,200,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1919 5,810,160 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1920 9,041,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1921 7,438,320 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1922 12,697,440 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1923 5,654,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1924 4,665,840 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1925 1,639,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1926 1,860,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1927 4,922,450 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1928 3,038,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1929 2,599,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1930 unknown Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1931 494,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1932 2,116,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1933 5,817,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1934 5,808,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1935 3,724,900 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1936 9,890,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1937 (pattern) 12 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1938 5,552,650 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1939 6,240,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1940 5,188,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1941 14,382,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1942 21,244,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1943 53,198,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1944 29,942,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1945 15,172,806 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1946 240,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1947 11,174,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1948 28,150,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1949 27,064,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 57,846,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 52,128,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 57,922,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 13,138,816 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Penny 1955 17,447,101 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1956 25,994,917 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1957 15,979,112 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1958 24,443,334 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1959 16,048,136 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1960 20,516,230 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1961 30,608,240 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1962 34,852,664 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1963 10,259,660 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1964 109,180,401 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
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Penny 1949: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypePenny - Kangaroo
Issued1949
MonarchKing George VI
EffigyKing George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Total Mintage27,064,800 (27.1 million)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
MaterialBronze
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)30.8000
Mass (g)9.4500
OCC IDWLGV-BELD-CLJQ-EMPX
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Penny 1949: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Australia 1949 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Source
Australia 1949 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Source
Penny 1949: Catalogue Reference IDs