A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a laureate head of Elizabeth II facing right; around, ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D: + The artist's initials M.G. incuse on the bust truncation above the G of GRATIA. The reverse features a kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1956 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail.
A dot after the word PENNY is the mint mark for the Perth Mint on this issue.
Both Melbourne Mint and Perth Mint sold proof coins to collectors from 1955 until 1963.
Laureate bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (the effigy by Mary Gillick known as the "First portrait"); the designer's initials, M.G., appear incuse on the base of the neck truncation. The monarch's legend ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : + (Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith) runs continuously all around the bust.
||ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination PENNY; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1956 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail.
The dot after the denomination is the mint mark for the Perth Mint on this issue: PENNY. (listed as "Y." in catalogues). Melbourne Mint coins have no mint mark.
||AUSTRALIA 1956 PENNY
Renniks 1965 lists the following mintages:
- Melbourne Mint: 13,872,000 plus 1,500 proofs
- Perth Mint: 12,121,000 plus 417 proofs
References to additional information:
[Article] Holland, Paul M. 2001. The Perth Mint Penny 'Mules' of 1955-1956. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 12: 39-44.