A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a bare head of George VI facing left; around, GEORGIVS VI D:G: BR: OMN: REX F:D: IND: IMP: ; below head in small lettering the artist's initials HP. The reverse features a kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY.; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1945 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail. A tiny dot after the word PENNY is the mint mark for Perth for this issue.
Pennies issued for circulation in 1945 were all struck at the Perth Mint and have a tiny dot after the word PENNY.
Some proof coins were produced by the Melbourne Mint, but this denomination was not struck at Melbourne for circulation. Krause also lists 6 (six) coins struck at the Bombay Mint.
Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India); below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).
Krause also reports six examples struck by the Bombay Mint, which would have been indicated by the letter I below the King's head.
||GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination PENNY.; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1945 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail.
The dot after the denomination is the mint mark for the Perth Mint on this issue: PENNY. (listed as "Y." in catalogues). The dots before and after the denomination: .PENNY. on the reverse would indicate a coin struck by the Bombay Mint (six examples are reported by Krause). The Melbourne Mint produced a small number of proofs which have no mint mark.
||AUSTRALIA 1945 PENNY
Krause catalogues list mintage of the Perth mint as 15,173,000. The Australian Coin Chart 1965 lists mintage of the Perth Mint as 10,125,600.
References to additional information:
[Article] Sharples, John P. Perth Mint Proof Record Coins 1940 - 1954. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 8