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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1945 from Australia

Coin: Penny 1945
Description

A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a bare head of George VI facing left; around, GEORGIVS VI D:G: BR: OMN: REX F:D: IND: IMP: ; below head in small lettering the artist's initials HP. The reverse features a kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY.; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1945 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail. A tiny dot after the word PENNY is the mint mark for Perth for this issue.

Pennies issued for circulation in 1945 were all struck at the Perth Mint and have a tiny dot after the word PENNY.

Some proof coins were produced by the Melbourne Mint, but this denomination was not struck at Melbourne for circulation. Krause also lists 6 (six) coins struck at the Bombay Mint.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny - Kangaroo
Year1945 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage15,172,806 (15.2 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Perth Mint Y. 15,172,800 (15.2 million)
Bombay Mint .PENNY. 6 (6)
Melbourne Mint No mint mark unknown
MaterialBronze DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
MonarchKing George VI EffigyPortrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9.4500
Obverse

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India); below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Krause also reports six examples struck by the Bombay Mint, which would have been indicated by the letter I below the King's head.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Reverse

Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination PENNY.; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1945 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail.

The dot after the denomination is the mint mark for the Perth Mint on this issue: PENNY. (listed as "Y." in catalogues). The dots before and after the denomination: .PENNY. on the reverse would indicate a coin struck by the Bombay Mint (six examples are reported by Krause). The Melbourne Mint produced a small number of proofs which have no mint mark.

Reverse inscriptionAUSTRALIA 1945 PENNY
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

Krause catalogues list mintage of the Perth mint as 15,173,000.
The Australian Coin Chart 1965 lists mintage of the Perth Mint as 10,125,600.

References to additional information:

[Article] Sharples, John P. Perth Mint Proof Record Coins 1940 - 1954. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 8

Penny 1945: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
KG. unknown (hover mouse for text)
Proof (Perth Mint) unknown
Penny 1945: Photos
Penny 1945: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
source
Penny 1945: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
source
Penny 1945: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
source
Penny 1945: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
source
Penny 1945: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 36
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB50 (Perth Mint) and B50A (KG.)
Australian Coin ChartP52 (Perth Mint) and P52a (KG.)
Penny 1945: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins 1988 Mint Melbourne Mint proof
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Varieties KG.
Australian Coin Chart 1965 Varieties KG.
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof (Perth Mint)
Penny 1945: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
1945(b) I George VI Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com 1945(m) George VI Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com
1945(p) George VI Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com
Penny 1945: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945 (Perth Mint)
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List of all (53) coins of type: Australia / Penny
Penny 1911 Penny 1912 Penny 1913 Penny 1914 Penny 1915 Penny 1916
Penny 1917 Penny 1918 Penny 1919 Penny 1920 Penny 1921 Penny 1922
Penny 1923 Penny 1924 Penny 1925 Penny 1926 Penny 1927 Penny 1928
Penny 1929 Penny 1930 Penny 1931 Penny 1932 Penny 1933 Penny 1934
Penny 1935 Penny 1936 Penny 1937 (pattern) Penny 1938 Penny 1939 Penny 1940
Penny 1941 Penny 1942 Penny 1943 Penny 1944 Penny 1945 Penny 1946
Penny 1947 Penny 1948 Penny 1949 Penny 1950 Penny 1951 Penny 1952
Penny 1953 Penny 1955 Penny 1956 Penny 1957 Penny 1958 Penny 1959
Penny 1960 Penny 1961 Penny 1962 Penny 1963 Penny 1964