Australia: Coin Penny 1951 - detailed information

Australia: Coin Penny 1951
CoinPenny 1951

A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a bare head of George VI facing left; around, GEORGIVS VI D:G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF. ; below head in small lettering the artist's initials HP. The reverse features a kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1951 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail.

Small letters PL near the rim after the word PENNY is the mint mark for London on this issue. This was the first time this mark had been used since London had been a mint within the Roman Empire.

A small dot after the word PENNY is the mint mark for Perth on this issue.

Mints
NameMint markMintage
Melbourne Mint No mint mark 21,240,000 (21.2 million)
Royal Mint Letters PL 18,000,000 (18.0 million)
Perth Mint Y. 12,888,000 (12.9 million)
Obverse
Australia / Penny 1951 - obverse photo

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith); below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Reverse
Australia / Penny 1951 - reverse photo

Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination PENNY; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1951 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail.

The dot after the denomination is the mint mark for the Perth Mint on this issue: PENNY. (listed as "Y." in catalogues). Melbourne Mint coins have no mint mark.

Small letters PL near the rim after the word PENNY represent the mint mark for the Royal Mint in London on this issue. This was the first (and last, together with other Australian coinage of this year) time this mark had been used since London had been a mint within the Roman Empire.

Reverse Inscription AUSTRALIA 1951 PENNY
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

The Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1649 - 1971 lists a "London Mint, no PL variety" but it is not clear how this is different from the Melbourne Mint pennies.

Penny 1951: Known varieties
Variety Proof (Perth Mint) Australia / Penny 1951 / Proof (Perth Mint) - obverse photo Australia / Penny 1951 / Proof (Perth Mint) - reverse photo
Mintage unknown
Variety Proof (Royal Mint London) Australia / Penny 1951 / Proof (Royal Mint London) - obverse photo Australia / Penny 1951 / Proof (Royal Mint London) - reverse photo
Mintage unknown
Penny 1951: References to Information Used
All (53) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Penny
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1911 3,768,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1912 3,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1913 2,520,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1914 720,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1915 2,280,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1916 3,324,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1917 6,240,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1918 1,200,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1919 5,810,160 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1920 9,041,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1921 7,438,320 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1922 12,697,440 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1923 5,654,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1924 4,665,840 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1925 1,639,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1926 1,860,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1927 4,922,450 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1928 3,038,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1929 2,599,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1930 unknown Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1931 494,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1932 2,116,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1933 5,817,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1934 5,808,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1935 3,724,900 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1936 9,890,400 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Penny 1937 (pattern) 12 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1938 5,552,650 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1939 6,240,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1940 5,188,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1941 14,382,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1942 21,244,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1943 53,198,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1944 29,942,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1945 15,172,806 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1946 240,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1947 11,174,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1948 28,150,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1949 27,064,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 57,846,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 52,128,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 57,922,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 13,138,816 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Penny 1955 17,447,101 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1956 25,994,917 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1957 15,979,112 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1958 24,443,334 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1959 16,048,136 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1960 20,516,230 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1961 30,608,240 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1962 34,852,664 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1963 10,259,660 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1964 109,180,401 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
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Penny 1951: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypePenny - Kangaroo
Issued1951
MonarchKing George VI
EffigyKing George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage52,128,000 (52.1 million)
MaterialBronze
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000
Mass (g)9.4500
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Penny 1951: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Royal Mint London.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Royal Mint London.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint.
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint.
Source
Penny 1951: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 43
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB59 (London), B60 (Perth) and B61 (Melbourne)
Australian Coin ChartP61 (Melbourne), P62 (Perth) and P63 (London)