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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1937 (pattern) from Australia

Coin: Penny 1937 (pattern)

Known as "Australia's rarest penny", the 1937 Pattern Penny is one of the nation's most important coins. It was struck at the Royal Mint in London as part of the Great Recoinage - a complete revision of Australia's currency originally planned for the first coinage issue of Edward VIII, who abdicated in 1936.

This pattern was the first coin to feature what would become the reverse of the Australian penny coins until 1964.

The "regular" coin is double-sided. Uniface varieties exist. All coins were proofs.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny - Kangaroo
Year1937 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage12 (12)
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 12 (12)
MaterialBronze DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
MonarchKing George VI EffigyPortrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9.4500

Some coins were initially struck with an effigy of Edward VIII, which was removed after his abdication and the word "MODEL" struck instead. A small number of other specimens were then struck with the effigy of King George VI:

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India); below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.

Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination PENNY; the seven pointed Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date 1937 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are above the tip of the tail.

Reverse inscriptionAUSTRALIA 1937 PENNY
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Penny 1937 (pattern): Known varieties
Model obverse unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Model obverse, holed unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Uniface, silver unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Penny 1937 (pattern): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia Pn24
Australian Coin ChartP35
Penny 1937 (pattern): References to Information Used
McDonald, Australian Coins and Banknotes Varieties Uniface varieties
Penny 1937 (pattern): Some useful external links
Coinworks: Coinworks Buys 1937 Penny for Record Price
Bullion Star - Buy and Store Bullion in Singapore
Bullion Star - Buy and Store Bullion in Singapore
List of all (53) coins of type: Australia / Penny
Penny 1911 Penny 1912 Penny 1913 Penny 1914 Penny 1915 Penny 1916
Penny 1917 Penny 1918 Penny 1919 Penny 1920 Penny 1921 Penny 1922
Penny 1923 Penny 1924 Penny 1925 Penny 1926 Penny 1927 Penny 1928
Penny 1929 Penny 1930 Penny 1931 Penny 1932 Penny 1933 Penny 1934
Penny 1935 Penny 1936 Penny 1937 (pattern) Penny 1938 Penny 1939 Penny 1940
Penny 1941 Penny 1942 Penny 1943 Penny 1944 Penny 1945 Penny 1946
Penny 1947 Penny 1948 Penny 1949 Penny 1950 Penny 1951 Penny 1952
Penny 1953 Penny 1955 Penny 1956 Penny 1957 Penny 1958 Penny 1959
Penny 1960 Penny 1961 Penny 1962 Penny 1963 Penny 1964