United Kingdom: Coin Penny 1860 (Small) - detailed information

United Kingdom: Coin Penny 1860 (Small)
CoinPenny 1860 (Small)

In 1860 a new coinage of bronze was adopted to replace the copper coins, which wore too rapidly for extensive circulation. Apart from being of a bronze alloy instead of copper, the new coins were also smaller in size.

MintRoyal Mint
Obverse
United Kingdom / Penny 1860 (Small) - obverse photo

Bust of Queen Victoria facing left wearing bodice and a mantle decorated with rose, thistle and shamrock; in her hair a wreath of leaves and berries tied at back with ribbon, her hair drawn to a plaited bun behind; she wears a circular brooch; at the back of her shoulder, a small part of the Star of the Garter is visible, with a small part of its motto ('HONI SO') readable.

Around, the legend VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D : (Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Britains, Defender of the Faith).

On most coins, the designer's signature L.C. Wyon under the bust.

Freeman describes several obverse varieties:

Obverse 1
As described above, with a border of circular dots. The name of the designer, L.C.Wyon, in very small letters, appears on the lowest extremity of the bust, towards the right. The letters are partly on, and partly beneath the bust.

Obverse 1*
Similar to Obverse 1, but the eyeball of the Queen visibly bulges out. The eye is lower in relation to the bridge of the nose. The forehead is slightly more rounded.

Obverse 2
Similar to Obverse 1 but the border dots are tooth-like, elongated and incomplete in that they join the rim. The Queen's hair below the wreath is slightly more wavy, and at the nape of the neck there are distinctive curls curving downwards and back towards the neck. Usually at least one of the last three letters in BRITT is out of alignment. The signature L.C. Wyon is distinctly clear of the toothed border.

Obverse 3
A retouched version of Obverse 2. Some of the leafs in the wreath now have incuse outlines. The signature L.C. Wyon is almost in contact with the toothed border. The legend has slightly larger letters, BRITT is correctly aligned.

Obverse 4
Similar to Obverse 3 but L.C. Wyon is below the bust and not partly on it. The rim is narrower and the border teeth are shorter than on obverses 2 and 3.

Obverse 5
Similar to Obverse 4 but there is no designer's signature. There is a small recess in the outline of the bust where the signature would have been. The veins in the leafs of the wreath now have double incuse lines.

Obverse 6
The Queen's bust sits higher than before and the topmost part of her head is only 0.9 mm from the linear circle, as opposed to 1.5 mm on obverses 1 to 5. All leaf veins in the wreath are raised, and there is an additional leaf (now they are 16 and not 15). There is no designer's signature but, unlike Obverse 5, there is no recess where it would have been either. The Queen's nose is slightly sharper, her eye is slightly closer to the edge of the head. The letters of the legend have thinner lines than before. More often than not, there is a flaw between the upper dot after D : of F : D : and the linear circle.

Obverse Inscription VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Reverse
United Kingdom / Penny 1860 (Small) - reverse photo

Figure of Britannia seated facing right on a rock, wearing a helmet and breastplate with flowing dress; she holds a trident and rests her right hand on a shield which bears the combined crosses of the Union Flag; at right a ship sailing away; at left, a lighthouse; around, the denomination ONE PENNY; in exergue, the date 1860.

The designer's initials L.C.W. are on the rock below and to the left of the shield.

Freeman describes several reverse varieties:

Reverse A
Border of circular dots. Within the border, a plain linear circle, up to which the sea at the feet of Britannia extends on both sides. The rock on which the lighthouse is based does not reach the linear circle. The designer's initials L.C.W. appear incuse on the rock below and to the left of the shield. The crosses on the shield are outlined with closed double raised lines. The thumb of Britannia's right hand does not quite reach the end of the cross.

Reverse B
Similar to reverse A but the crosses of the shield are outlined with treble incuse lines, and the thumb of Britannia's right hand touches the end of the cross.

Reverse C
Similar to reverse A but the raised lines on the shield crosses are thinner and farther apart. The thumb of Britannia's right hand touches the end of the cross. The rock on which the lighthouse is based extends leftwards as far as the linear circle. The plume on Britannia's helmet is shorter. There is an incuse hemline to the drapery. Parts of the sea at her feet extend beyond the linear circle.

Reverse D
Similar to reverse C but the border dots are tooth-like, elongated and incomplete in that they join the rim. On this reverse, flaws frequently occur, and the top of the lighthouse. The tips of the trident prongs and the designer's initials L.C.W. are often mis-struck. The horizontal line which forms the upper limit of the exergue curves upwards slightly at the left where it meets the linear circle.

Reverse Inscription ONE PENNY 1860
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

The "normal" coins for the year are considered to be those with Obverse 1 and Reverse A (Freeman 1).

References to additional information:

[Book] Freeman, Michael J. 2016. The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain. Rotographic, London, UK. pp 21-30

Penny 1860 (Small): Known varieties
Variety Gold Proof (Freeman 2)
Mintage unknown
DetailsObverse 1, Reverse A. Listed in Freeman only.
Variety Silver Proof, thick flan (Freeman 3)
Mintage unknown
DetailsObverse 1, Reverse A. Listed in Freeman only.
Variety Copper Proof, bronzed finish (Freeman 4)
Mintage unknown
DetailsObverse 1, Reverse A.
Variety Copper Proof, bronzed finish, heavy flan (Freeman 5)
Mintage unknown
DetailsObverse 1, Reverse A, copper, extra heavy flan.
Variety Obverse 1, Reverse B (Freeman 6)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 1, Reverse B, bronze proof (Freeman 6A)
Mintage unknown
Variety Obverse 1, Reverse C (Freeman 7)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 1, Reverse D (Freeman 8)
Mintage unknown
Variety Obverse 1*, Reverse A (Freeman 8A)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 1*, Reverse B (Freeman 8B)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 1*, Reverse B, bronze proof, bronzed finish (Freeman 8C)
Mintage unknown
Variety Obverse 1*, Reverse C (Freeman 8D)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 2, Reverse B (Freeman 9)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 2, Reverse D (Freeman 10)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 2, Reverse D, heavy flan (Freeman 11)
Mintage unknown
Variety Obverse 2, Reverse D, bronze proof (Freeman 12)
Mintage unknown
Variety Obverse 3, Reverse D (Freeman 13)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 3, Reverse E (Freeman 14)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 4, Reverse D (Freeman 15)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 5, Reverse D (Freeman 16)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
Variety Obverse 6, Reverse D (Freeman 17)
Mintage unknown (included in total)
All Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: Penny (Pre-decimal) (128)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1806 unknown Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1806
Penny 1807 unknown Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1807
Penny 1808 (Proof only) 1 Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1808
Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) unknown Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) unknown Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating) unknown Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
Penny 1825 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Penny 1826 5,913,600 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Penny 1827 1,451,520 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Penny 1831 806,400 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1831
Penny 1834 322,560 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1834
Penny 1837 174,720 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1837
Penny 1839 (Proof only) unknown Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Penny 1841 913,920 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Penny 1843 483,840 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Penny 1844 215,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Penny 1845 322,560 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Penny 1846 483,840 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Penny 1847 430,080 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Penny 1848 161,280 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Penny 1849 268,800 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1849
Penny 1851 532,224 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Penny 1853 1,021,440 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Penny 1854 6,720,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Penny 1855 5,273,856 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Penny 1856 1,212,288 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Penny 1857 752,640 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Penny 1858 1,559,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Penny 1859 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Penny 1860 (Large) 32,256 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
Penny 1860 (Small) 5,053,440 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1861 36,449,280 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1862 50,534,400 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1863 28,062,720 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1864 3,440,640 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1865 8,601,600 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1866 9,999,360 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1867 5,483,520 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1868 1,182,720 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1869 2,580,480 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1870 5,695,022 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1871 1,290,318 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1872 8,494,572 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1873 8,494,200 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1874 12,288,105 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1875 11,443,680 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1876 11,074,560 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1877 9,624,747 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1878 2,764,470 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1879 7,666,476 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1880 3,000,831 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1881 6,065,562 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1882 7,526,400 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1883 6,237,438 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1884 11,702,802 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1885 7,145,862 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1886 6,087,759 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1887 5,315,085 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1888 5,125,020 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1889 12,559,737 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1890 15,330,840 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1891 17,885,961 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1892 10,501,671 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1893 8,161,737 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1894 (Bun Head) 3,883,452 Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1895 5,395,830 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1896 24,147,156 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1897 20,756,620 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1898 14,296,836 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1899 26,441,069 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1900 31,778,109 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1901 22,205,568 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1902 26,976,768 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1903 21,415,296 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1904 12,913,152 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1905 17,783,808 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1906 37,989,504 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1907 47,322,240 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1908 31,506,048 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1909 19,617,024 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1910 29,549,184 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1911 23,079,168 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1912 65,106,048 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1913 65,497,872 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1914 50,820,997 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1915 47,310,807 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1916 86,411,165 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1917 107,905,436 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1918 87,888,172 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1919 118,970,690 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1920 124,693,485 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1921 129,717,693 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1922 16,346,711 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1926 4,498,519 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1927 60,989,561 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1928 50,178,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1929 49,132,800 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1930 29,097,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1931 19,843,200 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1932 8,277,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1933 6 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1934 13,965,600 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1935 56,070,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1936 134,160,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1937 Edward VIII (not released) unknown Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1937 George VI 109,058,406 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1938 121,560,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1939 55,560,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1940 42,284,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1944 42,600,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1945 79,531,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1946 66,855,600 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1947 52,220,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1948 63,961,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1949 14,324,400 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 257,513 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 140,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 1 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 1,348,400 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REGINA F: D: +
Penny 1954 1 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1961 39,703,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1962 137,640,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1963 134,013,600 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1964 144,462,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1965 135,534,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1966 157,430,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1967 164,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Penny 1970 (Proof only) 750,476 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
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Penny 1860 (Small): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
PeriodPound Sterling (pre-decimal) (1801 - 1971)
Coin TypePenny (Britannia, third design)
Issued1860
MonarchQueen Victoria
EffigyPortrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head)
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage5,053,440 (5.1 million)
MaterialBronze
DesignerLeonard Charles Wyon
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)31
Mass (g)9.4000
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Penny 1860 (Small): Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1860 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof. Freeman 12.
Source
Great Britain 1860 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof. Freeman 12.
Source
Penny 1860 (Small): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Freeman, Bronze Coinage of Great BritainFrom 1 through to 17 incl.
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3954
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 749.1, 749.2 (toothed border)