Penny (Pre-decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Penny (Pre-decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1806 - 1970)
Coin TypePenny (Pre-decimal)

The British pre-decimal penny coin, abbreviated as 1d (from "denarius" - the Roman coin from which the penny is directly descended), was a unit of currency that equalled one two-hundred-and-fortieth of a pound sterling (there were 20 shillings to a pound, and 12 pence to a shilling so one pound was equal to 240 pence).

The denomination continues the tradition of earlier penny coins of Great Britain. In 1801 the parliaments of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland each passed an Act of Union, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Re-coinage followed in 1806; the first penny coins after that are known as the "Fourth Issue" copper coinage of King George III - the earlier three coinages being while the country was still just Great Britain.

The penny went through several transformations: a large copper coin with concave surfaces and a Britannia reverse (1806 and 1807 only, with a single mysterious proof in 1808), a large copper coin with a second Britannia design (1825 to 1860), then smaller bronze coins - with a third Britannia design (1860 to 1894), and finally a simplified fourth Britannia design (1895 to 1970), slightly retouched in 1937. There was also a short-lived attempt between 1817 and 1820 to have circulating silver pennies (identical to the Maundy penny) but this was quickly abandoned due to their inconveniently small size.

The coins remained in circulation until "Decimal Day", 15 February 1971 when the old currency was demonetised and the decimal Pound Sterling was introduced, with a new decimal penny replacing these coins at a ratio of one new penny to 2.4 of the old ones.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Penny (Pre-decimal) - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, part of the legend (in Latin).

During the existence of the denomination, pennies were issued for:
- King George III (1806 - 1808)
- King George IV (1825 - 1831)
- King William IV (1831 - 1837)
- Queen Victoria (1838 - 1901)
- King Edward VII (1902 - 1910)
- King George V (1911 - 1936)
- King George VI (1937 - 1952)
- Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Penny (Pre-decimal) - reverse photo

The reverse went through several transformations during the existence of the denomination. Excluding the silver pennies, these were:

The first reverse (1806 - 1808) was designed by Conrad Heinrich K├╝chler; the coins were struck by the Soho Mint. It shows the figure of Britannia - the female personification of Great Britain - seated on a rock, facing left, holding a trident and extending an olive branch; a shield decorated with the British flag rests against the rock at right. In the background to the left, a sailing ship. Around above, the legend BRITANNIA. There is no indication of the value and denomination.

Subsequent coins were struck almost exclusively by the Royal Mint; its production was on a few occasions supplemented by Heaton and Sons and the King's Norton Metal Company, both in Birmingham, with mint marks H and KN respectively.

The second reverse (1825 - 1860), designed by William Wyon, features a new rendition of Britannia; she is seated facing right, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, resting her right hand on a shield bearing a saltire of arms, and holding a trident in her left hand. In the exergue, a rose, a thistle and a shamrock combined - the floral symbols of the constituent parts of the United Kingdom, respectively England, Scotland and Ireland. The reverse also bears part of the monarch's legend. As before, there is no indication of the coin's value and denomination.

The third reverse (1860 - 1894) has a new rendition of Britannia, by Leonard Charles Wyon. Again, she is wearing a crested Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, resting her right hand on a shield bearing the combined crosses of the Union Flag, and holding a trident in her left hand. In the background at right, a ship sailing away; at left, a lighthouse. Around left and right, the denomination ONE PENNY. In exergue, the date.

The fourth reverse (1895 - 1970) is a simplified version of the third, with the lighthouse and sailing ship removed from the background. In 1937, the lighthouse to the left was restored and featured on the coins until 1970.

Reverse Inscription ONE PENNY [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 31-40
[Book] Freeman, Michael J. 1970. The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain. Motherwell, Scotland.
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp 202-206

Various British colonies, dominions and dependencies also issued their own versions of the penny denomination, usually to be used in parallel with their Imperial counterpart and with compatible dimensions and composition but sometimes made deliberately different, e.g. with a central hole. For these, see:

- Ionian Islands, Two Obols - issued in 1819 only, demonetised 1864
- British West Africa, One Penny - with central hole, issued 1907 to 1958, demonetised 1968
- Australia, One Penny - issued 1911 to 1964, withdrawn 1966 (not demonetised)
- New Guinea, One Penny - with central hole, issued 1929 to 1944, demonetised 1966
- Fiji, Penny - with central hole, issued 1934 to 1968, demonetised 1969
- New Zealand, One Penny - issued 1940 to 1965, demonetised 1967
- Nigeria, One Penny - with central hole, issued 1959 only, demonetised 1973

Coin Type: Penny (Pre-decimal) - (127) Coins (Page 1 of 2)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Penny 1806 United Kingdom / Penny 1806 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1806 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Soho Mint
Mintage: unknown
Penny 1807 United Kingdom / Penny 1807 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1807 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Soho Mint
Mintage: unknown
Penny 1808 (Proof only) United Kingdom / Penny 1808 (Proof only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1808 (Proof only) - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Soho Mint
Mintage: 1
Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) United Kingdom / Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) United Kingdom / Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating) United Kingdom / Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Penny 1825 United Kingdom / Penny 1825 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1825 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,075,200
Penny 1826 United Kingdom / Penny 1826 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1826 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,913,600
Penny 1827 United Kingdom / Penny 1827 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1827 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,451,520
Penny 1831 United Kingdom / Penny 1831 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1831 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 806,400
Penny 1834 United Kingdom / Penny 1834 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1834 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 322,560
Penny 1837 United Kingdom / Penny 1837 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1837 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 174,720
Penny 1839 (Proof only) United Kingdom / Penny 1839 (Proof only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1839 (Proof only) - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Penny 1841 United Kingdom / Penny 1841 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1841 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 913,920
Penny 1843 United Kingdom / Penny 1843 - reverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 483,840
Penny 1844 United Kingdom / Penny 1844 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1844 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 215,040
Penny 1845 United Kingdom / Penny 1845 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1845 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 322,560
Penny 1846 United Kingdom / Penny 1846 - reverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 483,840
Penny 1847 United Kingdom / Penny 1847 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1847 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 430,080
Penny 1848 United Kingdom / Penny 1848 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1848 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 161,280
Penny 1849 United Kingdom / Penny 1849 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1849 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 268,800
Penny 1851 United Kingdom / Penny 1851 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1851 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 532,224
Penny 1853 United Kingdom / Penny 1853 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1853 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,021,440
Penny 1854 United Kingdom / Penny 1854 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1854 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,720,000
Penny 1855 United Kingdom / Penny 1855 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1855 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,273,856
Penny 1856 United Kingdom / Penny 1856 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1856 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,212,288
Penny 1857 United Kingdom / Penny 1857 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1857 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 752,640
Penny 1858 United Kingdom / Penny 1858 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1858 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,559,040
Penny 1859 United Kingdom / Penny 1859 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1859 - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,075,200
Penny 1860 (Large) United Kingdom / Penny 1860 (Large) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1860 (Large) - obverse photo Material: Copper
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 32,256
Penny 1860 (Small) United Kingdom / Penny 1860 (Small) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1860 (Small) - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,053,440
Penny 1861 United Kingdom / Penny 1861 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1861 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 36,449,280
Penny 1862 United Kingdom / Penny 1862 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1862 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 50,534,400
Penny 1863 United Kingdom / Penny 1863 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1863 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 28,062,720
Penny 1864 United Kingdom / Penny 1864 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1864 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,440,640
Penny 1865 United Kingdom / Penny 1865 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1865 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,601,600
Penny 1866 United Kingdom / Penny 1866 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1866 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,999,360
Penny 1867 United Kingdom / Penny 1867 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1867 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,483,520
Penny 1868 United Kingdom / Penny 1868 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1868 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,182,720
Penny 1869 United Kingdom / Penny 1869 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1869 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,580,480
Penny 1870 United Kingdom / Penny 1870 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1870 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,695,022
Penny 1871 United Kingdom / Penny 1871 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,290,318
Penny 1872 United Kingdom / Penny 1872 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,494,572
Penny 1873 United Kingdom / Penny 1873 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1873 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,494,200
Penny 1874 United Kingdom / Penny 1874 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1874 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mints:
- Heaton Mint: 6,666,240
- Royal Mint: 5,621,865
Total Mintage: 12,288,105
Penny 1875 United Kingdom / Penny 1875 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1875 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 10,691,040
- Heaton Mint: 752,640
Total Mintage: 11,443,680
Penny 1876 United Kingdom / Penny 1876 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1876 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Heaton Mint
Mintage: 11,074,560
Penny 1877 United Kingdom / Penny 1877 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1877 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,624,747
Penny 1878 United Kingdom / Penny 1878 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1878 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,764,470
Penny 1879 United Kingdom / Penny 1879 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1879 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,666,476
Penny 1880 United Kingdom / Penny 1880 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1880 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,000,831
Penny 1881 United Kingdom / Penny 1881 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1881 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mints:
- Heaton Mint: 3,763,200
- Royal Mint: 2,302,362
Total Mintage: 6,065,562
Penny 1882 United Kingdom / Penny 1882 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1882 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Heaton Mint
Mintage: 7,526,400
Penny 1883 United Kingdom / Penny 1883 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1883 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,237,438
Penny 1884 United Kingdom / Penny 1884 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1884 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 11,702,802
Penny 1885 United Kingdom / Penny 1885 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1885 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,145,862
Penny 1886 United Kingdom / Penny 1886 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1886 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,087,759
Penny 1887 United Kingdom / Penny 1887 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1887 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,315,085
Penny 1888 United Kingdom / Penny 1888 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1888 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,125,020
Penny 1889 United Kingdom / Penny 1889 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1889 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 12,559,737
Penny 1890 United Kingdom / Penny 1890 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1890 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 15,330,840
Penny 1891 United Kingdom / Penny 1891 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1891 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 17,885,961
Penny 1892 United Kingdom / Penny 1892 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1892 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,501,671
Penny 1893 United Kingdom / Penny 1893 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1893 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,161,737
Penny 1894 United Kingdom / Penny 1894 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1894 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,883,452
Penny 1895 United Kingdom / Penny 1895 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1895 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,395,830
Penny 1896 United Kingdom / Penny 1896 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1896 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 24,147,156
Penny 1897 United Kingdom / Penny 1897 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1897 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 20,756,620
Penny 1898 United Kingdom / Penny 1898 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1898 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 14,296,836
Penny 1899 United Kingdom / Penny 1899 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1899 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 26,441,069
Penny 1900 United Kingdom / Penny 1900 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1900 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 31,778,109
Penny 1901 United Kingdom / Penny 1901 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1901 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 22,205,568
Penny 1902 United Kingdom / Penny 1902 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1902 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 26,976,768
Penny 1903 United Kingdom / Penny 1903 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1903 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 21,415,296
Penny 1904 United Kingdom / Penny 1904 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1904 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 12,913,152
Penny 1905 United Kingdom / Penny 1905 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1905 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 17,783,808
Penny 1906 United Kingdom / Penny 1906 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1906 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 37,989,504
Penny 1907 United Kingdom / Penny 1907 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1907 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 47,322,240
Penny 1908 United Kingdom / Penny 1908 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1908 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 31,506,048
Penny 1909 United Kingdom / Penny 1909 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1909 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 19,617,024
Penny 1910 United Kingdom / Penny 1910 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1910 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 29,549,184
Penny 1911 United Kingdom / Penny 1911 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1911 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 23,079,168
Penny 1912 United Kingdom / Penny 1912 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1912 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 48,306,048
- Heaton Mint: 16,800,000
Total Mintage: 65,106,048
Penny 1913 United Kingdom / Penny 1913 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1913 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 65,497,872
Penny 1914 United Kingdom / Penny 1914 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1914 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 50,820,997
Penny 1915 United Kingdom / Penny 1915 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1915 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 47,310,807
Penny 1916 United Kingdom / Penny 1916 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1916 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 86,411,165
Penny 1917 United Kingdom / Penny 1917 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1917 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 107,905,436
Penny 1918 United Kingdom / Penny 1918 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1918 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 84,227,372
- Heaton Mint: unknown
- King's Norton Metal Co.: unknown
Total Mintage: 87,888,172
Penny 1919 United Kingdom / Penny 1919 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1919 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 113,761,090
- Heaton Mint: unknown
- King's Norton Metal Co.: unknown
Total Mintage: 118,970,690
Penny 1920 United Kingdom / Penny 1920 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1920 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 124,693,485
Penny 1921 United Kingdom / Penny 1921 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1921 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 129,717,693
Penny 1922 United Kingdom / Penny 1922 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1922 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 16,346,711
Penny 1926 United Kingdom / Penny 1926 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1926 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,498,519
Penny 1927 United Kingdom / Penny 1927 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1927 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 60,989,561
Penny 1928 United Kingdom / Penny 1928 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1928 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 50,178,000
Penny 1929 United Kingdom / Penny 1929 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1929 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 49,132,800
Penny 1930 United Kingdom / Penny 1930 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1930 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 29,097,600
Penny 1931 United Kingdom / Penny 1931 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1931 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 19,843,200
Penny 1932 United Kingdom / Penny 1932 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1932 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,277,600
Showing 1 to 100 of 127 Coins.
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Penny (Pre-decimal): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-types Penny, Britannia first design
Penny, Silver - circulating
Penny, Britannia second design
Penny, Britannia third design
Penny, Britannia fourth design
From1806
To1970
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size
Mass
Penny (Pre-decimal): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1806
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: First design (1806 - 1808).
Source
Proof Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Second design (1825 - 1860).
Source
Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1863
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Third design (1860 - 1894).
Source
Great Britain 1894 penny KM-790
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: 1894 pattern.
Source
Great Britain 1895 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Fourth design, no lighthouse (1895 - 1937).
Source
Great Britain 1938 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Fourth design, with lighthouse (1937 - 1970).
Source
Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1806
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1806 - 1808).
Source
Proof Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV (1825 - 1827).
Source
Coin - Penny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1849
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young head (1839 - 1860).
Source
Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1863
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Bun head (1860 - 1894).
Source
Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1898
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Veiled head (1894 - 1901).
Source
Coin - Penny, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Great Britain 1912-H penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, large version (1911 - 1927).
Source
Great Britain 1936 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, small version (1928 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Penny, George VI, Great Britain, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor of India (1937 - 1948).
Source
Great Britain 1949 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
Source
Great Britain 1961 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970).
Source