Two Marks 1957 Max Planck, Coin from Germany - detailed information

Two Marks 1957 Max Planck, Coin from Germany (demonetised 1973)
CoinTwo Marks 1957 Max Planck

The Two Marks coin, abbreviated 2 DM and known in English as 2 German Marks, was a relatively large circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

The initial design was similar to the 1 Mark coin and was only issued in 1951. It was superseded by this design honouring Max Planck, which was issued between 1957 and 1971.

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858 - 1947), known as the father of quantum physics, was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. He made many contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame as a physicist rests primarily on his role as the originator of quantum theory, which revolutionized human understanding of atomic and subatomic processes. In 1948, the German scientific institution the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (of which Planck was twice president) was renamed the Max Planck Society in his honour.

The diameter of these coins was slightly larger than the earlier type. They were made of copper-nickel and were similar to many other coins issued by other countries - which caused vending machines to confuse other (cheaper) foreign coins with them and accept those coins as 2 Marks. For this reason, this coin type was superseded with three-layered coins with a Nickel core (making them magnetic).

The newer coins are known as the "politicians series", because on their obverses they featured portraits of German politicians:
- Konrad Adenauer, 1969 - 1987
- Theodor Heuss, 1970 - 1987
- Kurt Schumacher, 1979 - 1993
- Ludwig Erhard, 1988 - 2001
- Franz Josef Strauß (Strauss), 1990 - 2001
- Willy Brandt, 1994 - 2001

The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom".

2 German Mark coins of the Max Planck type issued in 1957 circulated for 16 years until 1st August 1973, on which date they were demonetised.

MintMint markTotal Mintage
Hamburg Mint Letter J 11,210,370 (11.2 million)
Bavarian Central Mint - Munich Letter D 7,452,350 (7.5 million)
Stuttgart Mint Letter F 6,337,100 (6.3 million)
Karlsruhe Mint Letter G 2,598,056 (2.6 million)
Obverse
Germany / Two Marks 1957 Max Planck - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, designed by Karl Roth, has within a beaded circle the portrait of the physicist Prof. Dr. Max Planck, wearing glasses, facing left.

Around above is his name: MAX PLANCK.

Around below, the dates of his birth and death: * 1858 - 1947 +.

Obverse Inscription MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Reverse
Germany / Two Marks 1957 Max Planck - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin depicts, within a beaded circle, the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head facing left, its wings open and with open feathering.

Around left, the legend BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around right, facing in the opposite direction, the value and denomination 2 DEUTSCHE MARK (2 German marks).

The date 1957 is divided by the eagle's feet. The mint mark of the mint which produced the coin is a tiny letter above the horizontal stroke of the numeral 2 of the value.

Mint marks used in this year were:
D for Bavarian Central Mint - Munich
F for Stuttgart Mint
G for Karlsruhe Mint
J for Hamburg Mint

Reverse Inscription BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1957
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
Notes

Mintage comprised of (circulation coins + proofs):

Munich (1957 D): 7,452,000 + 350
Stuttgart (1957 F): 6,337,000 + 100
Karlsruhe (1957 G): 2,598,000 + 56
Hamburg (1957 J): 11,210,000 + 370

Two Marks 1957 Max Planck: Known varieties
Variety Proof 1957 D (Munich Mint)
Mintage Issued: 350 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) from the Munich Mint.

Variety Proof 1957 F (Stuttgart Mint)
Mintage Issued: 100 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) from the Stuttgart Mint.

Variety Proof 1957 G (Karlsruhe Mint)
Mintage Issued: 56 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) from the Karlsruhe Mint.

Variety Proof 1957 J (Hamburg Mint)
Mintage Issued: 370 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) from the Hamburg Mint.

Two Marks 1957 Max Planck: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Deutsche Bundesbank Dimensions, mass link
All (102) Coins of Country: Germany, Type: Two Marks
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Two Marks 1951 75,289,563 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·
Two Marks 1957 Max Planck 27,597,876 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1957
Two Marks 1958 Max Planck 49,601,685 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1958
Two Marks 1959 Max Planck 1,223,062 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1959
Two Marks 1960 Max Planck 14,598,316 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1960
Two Marks 1961 Max Planck 13,506,224 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1961
Two Marks 1962 Max Planck 12,858,250 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1962
Two Marks 1963 Max Planck 18,959,319 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1963
Two Marks 1964 Max Planck 15,764,487 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1964
Two Marks 1965 Max Planck 14,562,603 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1965
Two Marks 1966 Max Planck 19,518,540 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1966
Two Marks 1967 Max Planck 15,582,483 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1967
Two Marks 1968 Max Planck 9,226,153 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1968
Two Marks 1969 Max Planck 10,059,800 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1969
Two Marks 1969 Konrad Adenauer 28,017,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1970 Max Planck 20,393,340 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1970
Two Marks 1970 Konrad Adenauer 28,060,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1970 Theodor Heuss 28,063,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1971 Max Planck 32,919,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1971
Two Marks 1971 Konrad Adenauer 28,011,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1971 Theodor Heuss 28,000,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1972 Konrad Adenauer 28,036,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1972 Theodor Heuss 28,058,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1973 Konrad Adenauer 42,738,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1973 Theodor Heuss 42,768,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1974 Konrad Adenauer 20,257,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1974 Theodor Heuss 20,286,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1975 Konrad Adenauer 17,703,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1975 Theodor Heuss 17,755,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1976 Konrad Adenauer 17,706,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1976 Theodor Heuss 17,686,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1977 Konrad Adenauer 22,774,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1977 Theodor Heuss 22,714,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1978 Konrad Adenauer 12,933,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1978 Theodor Heuss 13,433,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Konrad Adenauer 12,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1979 Theodor Heuss 12,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Kurt Schumacher 12,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1980 Konrad Adenauer 26,000,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1980 Theodor Heuss 8,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1980 Kurt Schumacher 8,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1981 Konrad Adenauer 31,593,999 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1981 Theodor Heuss 7,964,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1981 Kurt Schumacher 7,664,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1982 Konrad Adenauer 37,222,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1982 Theodor Heuss 12,312,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1982 Kurt Schumacher 12,312,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1983 Konrad Adenauer 6,365,120 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1983 Theodor Heuss 6,290,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1983 Kurt Schumacher 6,290,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1984 Konrad Adenauer 1,966,539 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1984 Theodor Heuss 456,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1984 Kurt Schumacher 456,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1985 Konrad Adenauer 10,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1985 Theodor Heuss 10,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1985 Kurt Schumacher 10,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1986 Konrad Adenauer 10,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1986 Theodor Heuss 10,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1986 Kurt Schumacher 10,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1987 Konrad Adenauer 17,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1987 Theodor Heuss 17,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1987 Kurt Schumacher 17,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1988 Kurt Schumacher 23,330,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1988 Ludwig Erhard 23,330,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1988
Two Marks 1989 Kurt Schumacher 40,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1989 Ludwig Erhard 40,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1989
Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher 70,840,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1990 Ludwig Erhard 70,840,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1990
Two Marks 1990 Franz Josef Strauß 70,840,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1991 Kurt Schumacher 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1991 Ludwig Erhard 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1991
Two Marks 1991 Franz Josef Strauß 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1992 Kurt Schumacher 36,885,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1992 Ludwig Erhard 36,885,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1992
Two Marks 1992 Franz Josef Strauß 36,885,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1993 Kurt Schumacher 3,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1993 Ludwig Erhard 3,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1993
Two Marks 1993 Franz Josef Strauß 3,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1994 Ludwig Erhard 25,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1994
Two Marks 1994 Franz Josef Strauß 25,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1994 Willy Brandt 25,325,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1995 Ludwig Erhard 2,800,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1995
Two Marks 1995 Franz Josef Strauß 2,800,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1995 Willy Brandt 3,155,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1996 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1996
Two Marks 1996 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1996 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1997 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1997
Two Marks 1997 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1997 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1998 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1998
Two Marks 1998 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1998 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1999 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1999
Two Marks 1999 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1999 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 2000 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 2000
Two Marks 2000 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 2000 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 2001 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 1,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 2001
Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 1,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 2001 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 1,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
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Two Marks 1957 Max Planck: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Coin TypeTwo Marks, Max Planck
Issued1957
ReverseFederal Eagle of Germany
Face Value2 (x Mark)
Circulation Mintage27,597,876 (27.6 million)
Total Mintage27,597,876 (27.6 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1973
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerKarl Roth
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size26.750 mm
Thickness1.790 mm
Mass7.000 g
OCC IDLGVB-ELDC-LJKY-EMPX
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Two Marks 1957 Max Planck: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Germany, 2 Mark 1957
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Karlsruhe Mint (G mint mark).
Source
Coin, Germany, 2 Mark 1957
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Two Marks 1957 Max Planck: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogDeutschland Schön# 115
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGermany, Federal Republic KM# 116