Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher, Coin from Germany - detailed information

Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher, Coin from Germany (demonetised 2002)
CoinTwo Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher

The Two Marks coin, abbreviated 2 DM and known in English as 2 German Marks, was a relatively large circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

The initial design was similar to the 1 Mark coin and was only issued in 1951. It was superseded by a design honouring Max Planck, which was issued between 1957 and 1971.

Those earlier coins were made of CuproNickel and were confusing to vending machines (which mistakenly accepted cheap foreign coins instead of 2 DM), so were demonetized in 1973 and replaced by a new series of coins called the "politicians series" because it depicts portraits of German politicians on the obverse. These coins are three-layered: CuproNickel with a Nickel core, which makes them magnetic unlike the earlier ones.

This third type of new coins honours Dr. Kurt Schumacher (1895 - 1952), a German social democratic politician who served as chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany from 1946 and was the first Leader of the Opposition in the West German Bundestag from 1949 until his death in 1952. An opponent of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's government, but an even stronger opponent of the East German Socialist Unity Party and communism in general, he was one of the founding fathers of post-war German democracy.

Other coins of the "politicians series" include:
- Konrad Adenauer, 1969 - 1987
- Theodor Heuss, 1970 - 1987
- Ludwig Erhard, 1988 - 2001
- Franz Josef Strauß (Strauss), 1990 - 2001
- Willy Brandt, 1994 - 2001

Note that the introduction of new designs did not supplant the previous ones; older designs continued to be issued and used in parallel.

The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom".

In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. The Deutsche Mark ceased to be legal tender immediately upon the introduction of the euro.

2 German Mark coins of the Kurt Schumacher type issued in 1990 circulated for 12 years until 28 February 2002, after which date they were no longer accepted as valid forms of payment in Germany.

MintMint markTotal Mintage
Stuttgart Mint Letter F 21,245,000 (21.2 million)
Hamburg Mint Letter J 18,915,000 (18.9 million)
Bavarian Central Mint - Munich Letter D 18,415,000 (18.4 million)
Karlsruhe Mint Letter G 12,265,000 (12.3 million)
Obverse
Germany / Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, designed by Hans-Joachim Dobler, features the portrait of Dr. Kurt Schumacher, the first Leader of the Opposition in the West German Bundestag from 1949 until his death in 1952. His name is not written on the coin.

Around above, · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around below, separated by the portrait, are the dates 1949 1979, representing the 30th anniversary of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Obverse Inscription · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Reverse
Germany / Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin, designed by Reinhart Heinsdorff, depicts at its centre the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head facing left, its wings open and with open feathering.

Around left, the legend BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around right, facing in the opposite direction, the value and denomination 2 DEUTSCHE MARK (2 German marks).

The date 1990 is above the eagle's head. The mint mark of the mint which produced the coin is a small letter to the left of the numeral 2 of the value and under the eagle's left foot.

Mint marks used in this year were:
D for Bavarian Central Mint - Munich
F for Stuttgart Mint
G for Karlsruhe Mint
J for Hamburg Mint

Reverse Inscription BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1990
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
Notes

Mintage comprised of (circulation coins + proofs):

Munich (1990 D): 18,370,000 + 45,000
Stuttgart (1990 F): 21,200,000 + 45,000
Karlsruhe (1990 G): 12,220,000 + 45,000
Hamburg (1990 J): 18,870,000 + 45,000

Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher: Known varieties
Variety Proof 1990 D (Munich Mint)
Mintage Issued: 45,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "D" proof sets from the Bavarian Central Mint - Munich.

Variety Proof 1990 F (Stuttgart Mint)
Mintage Issued: 45,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "F" proof sets from the Stuttgart Mint.

Variety Proof 1990 G (Karlsruhe Mint)
Mintage Issued: 45,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "G" proof sets from the Karlsruhe Mint.

Variety Proof 1990 J (Hamburg Mint)
Mintage Issued: 45,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "J" proof sets from the Hamburg Mint.

Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Deutsche Bundesbank Dimensions, mass link
Showing 100 from a total of 102 coins of type: Two Marks
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Two Marks 1951 75,289,563 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·
Two Marks 1957 Max Planck 27,597,876 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1957
Two Marks 1958 Max Planck 49,601,685 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1958
Two Marks 1959 Max Planck 1,223,062 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1959
Two Marks 1960 Max Planck 14,598,316 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1960
Two Marks 1961 Max Planck 13,506,224 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1961
Two Marks 1962 Max Planck 12,858,250 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1962
Two Marks 1963 Max Planck 18,959,319 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1963
Two Marks 1964 Max Planck 15,764,487 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1964
Two Marks 1965 Max Planck 14,562,603 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1965
Two Marks 1966 Max Planck 19,518,540 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1966
Two Marks 1967 Max Planck 15,582,483 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1967
Two Marks 1968 Max Planck 9,226,153 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1968
Two Marks 1969 Max Planck 10,059,800 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1969
Two Marks 1969 Konrad Adenauer 28,017,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1970 Max Planck 20,393,340 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1970
Two Marks 1970 Konrad Adenauer 28,060,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1970 Theodor Heuss 28,063,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1971 Max Planck 32,919,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK · DEUTSCHLAND · 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1971
Two Marks 1971 Konrad Adenauer 28,011,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1971 Theodor Heuss 28,000,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1972 Konrad Adenauer 28,036,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1972 Theodor Heuss 28,058,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1973 Konrad Adenauer 42,738,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1973 Theodor Heuss 42,768,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1974 Konrad Adenauer 20,257,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1974 Theodor Heuss 20,286,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1975 Konrad Adenauer 17,703,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1975 Theodor Heuss 17,755,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1976 Konrad Adenauer 17,706,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1976 Theodor Heuss 17,686,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1977 Konrad Adenauer 22,774,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1977 Theodor Heuss 22,714,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1978 Konrad Adenauer 12,933,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1978 Theodor Heuss 13,433,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Konrad Adenauer 12,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1979 Theodor Heuss 12,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Kurt Schumacher 12,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1980 Konrad Adenauer 26,000,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1980 Theodor Heuss 8,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1980 Kurt Schumacher 8,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1981 Konrad Adenauer 31,593,999 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1981 Theodor Heuss 7,964,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1981 Kurt Schumacher 7,664,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1982 Konrad Adenauer 37,222,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1982 Theodor Heuss 12,312,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1982 Kurt Schumacher 12,312,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1983 Konrad Adenauer 6,365,120 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1983 Theodor Heuss 6,290,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1983 Kurt Schumacher 6,290,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1984 Konrad Adenauer 1,966,539 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1984 Theodor Heuss 456,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1984 Kurt Schumacher 456,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1985 Konrad Adenauer 10,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1985 Theodor Heuss 10,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1985 Kurt Schumacher 10,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1986 Konrad Adenauer 10,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1986 Theodor Heuss 10,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1986 Kurt Schumacher 10,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1987 Konrad Adenauer 17,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1987 Theodor Heuss 17,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1987 Kurt Schumacher 17,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1988 Kurt Schumacher 23,330,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1988 Ludwig Erhard 23,330,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1988
Two Marks 1989 Kurt Schumacher 40,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1989 Ludwig Erhard 40,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1989
Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher 70,840,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1990 Ludwig Erhard 70,840,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1990
Two Marks 1990 Franz Josef Strauß 70,840,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1991 Kurt Schumacher 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1991 Ludwig Erhard 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1991
Two Marks 1991 Franz Josef Strauß 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1992 Kurt Schumacher 36,885,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1992 Ludwig Erhard 36,885,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1992
Two Marks 1992 Franz Josef Strauß 36,885,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1993 Kurt Schumacher 3,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1993 Ludwig Erhard 3,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1993
Two Marks 1993 Franz Josef Strauß 3,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1994 Ludwig Erhard 25,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1994
Two Marks 1994 Franz Josef Strauß 25,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1994 Willy Brandt 25,325,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1995 Ludwig Erhard 2,800,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1995
Two Marks 1995 Franz Josef Strauß 2,800,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1995 Willy Brandt 3,155,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1996 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1996
Two Marks 1996 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1996 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1997 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1997
Two Marks 1997 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1997 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1998 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1998
Two Marks 1998 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1998 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1999 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 1999
Two Marks 1999 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1999 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 2000 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 2000
Two Marks 2000 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 2000 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 2001 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 1,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 2001
Showing 1 to 100 of 102 Coins.
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Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Coin TypeTwo Marks, Kurt Schumacher
Issued1990
ReverseFederal Eagle of Germany
Face Value2 (x Mark)
Circulation Mintage70,660,000 (70.7 million)
Total Mintage70,840,000 (70.8 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 2002
MaterialCuproNickel-clad Nickel
DesignerHans-Joachim Dobler, Reinhart Heinsdorff
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size26.750 mm
Thickness1.790 mm
Mass7.000 g
OCC IDDKLM-OMKC-VJJN-ONZB
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Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Germany, 2 Mark 1990
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Stuttgart Mint (F mint mark).
Source
Coin, Germany, 2 Mark 1990
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogDeutschland Schön# 148
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGermany, Federal Republic KM# 149