One Pound 1988 Shield, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Pound 1988 Shield, Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 2017)
CoinOne Pound 1988 Shield

By 1980 it had become apparent that with the general decline in purchasing power, the £1 unit of currency was more appropriate to a coin than a banknote. After consultation with many groups including retailers and special interest groups, the Government announced on 31 July 1981 that a new £1 coin that was to be issued on 21 April 1983. Since its launch the £1 has always represented the United Kingdom and its constituent parts; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

The £1 coin in base metal (as opposed to the gold sovereign, which has a nominal face value of one pound too), nickel-brass was introduced in 1983, as a replacement for the £1 banknote. The reverse design of the first £1 coin showed a detailed and intricate depiction of the Royal Coat of Arms. This design, representing the United Kingdom as a whole, was issued until 2015 in rotation with other designs representing England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, alternating each year.

In 1988 only, the United Kingdom was represented by this design by Derek Gorringe - the Shield of the Royal Arms only, and not the entire Arms. It differs from the later Shield design by Matthew Dent, which was issued between 2008 and 2016 and is not crowned.

According to the Royal Mint, "The reverse of the 1988 £1 was designed by a senior member of The Royal Mint's engraving department; Derek Gorringe. He chose to depict one of our nation's noblest heraldic emblems - the Royal Arms of Her Majesty The Queen, surmounted by the Crown of St Edward. Displayed in regal splendour on the obverse and perfectly complementing the Royal Arms on the reverse, is Raphael Maklouf's masterly portrait of The Queen."

The coin’s edge inscription is in Latin: DECUS ET TUTAMEN, which may be translated as an "ornament to safeguard".

Coins issued in 1988 circulated for 29 years until they were demonetised in 2017 and replaced with the current bimetallic one pound coin.

MintRoyal Mint Mintage7,118,825, Rarity: C (Common)
Obverse

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait"); incuse in tiny letters on neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 1988.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 1988 Shield - reverse photo

At centre, crowned Shield of the Royal Arms representing the United Kingdom. Around below, the denomination ONE POUND.

Reverse Inscription ONE POUND
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionDECUS ET TUTAMEN
Notes

DECUS ET TUTAMEN means "An ornament and a safeguard", a quote from Virgil's Aeneid.

One Pound 1988 Shield: Known varieties
Variety Silver Proof FDC United Kingdom / One Pound 1988 Shield / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1988 Shield / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage 50,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details9.50 g sterling silver (0.2825 ASW), 22.50 mm.
Variety Silver Proof Piedfort United Kingdom / One Pound 1988 Shield / Silver Proof Piedfort - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1988 Shield / Silver Proof Piedfort - reverse photo
Mintage 10,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details19.00 g sterling silver (0.5650 ASW), 22.50 mm.
Variety Brilliant Uncirculated in presentation folder
Mintage unknown
One Pound 1988 Shield: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
All (48) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: One Pound
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Pound 1983 Royal Arms 444,287,810 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Pound 1984 Thistle and Diadem 146,256,501 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem 228,430,749 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Pound 1986 Flax and Diadem 10,409,501 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Pound 1987 Oak Tree and Diadem 39,298,502 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Pound 1988 Shield 7,118,825 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Pound 1989 Thistle and Diadem 70,580,501 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Pound 1990 Leek and Diadem 97,269,302 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Pound 1991 Flax and Diadem 38,443,575 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Pound 1992 Oak Tree and Diadem 36,320,487 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Pound 1993 Royal Arms 114,867,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant 29,752,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Pound 1995 34,503,501 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Pound 1996 89,886,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Pound 1997 57,117,450 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Pound 1998 Royal Arms 159,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Pound 1999 Lion Rampant unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Pound 2000 109,496,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Pound 2001 63,968,065 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Pound 2002 77,818,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Pound 2003 Royal Arms 61,753,012 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge 39,162,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Pound 2005 Menai Bridge 99,429,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Pound 2006 Egyptian Arch Bridge 38,938,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Pound 2007 Millennium Bridge 26,180,160 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Pound 2008 Royal Arms 3,910,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2008 Shield 43,827,300 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2009 Shield 27,625,600 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Pound 2010 Shield 57,120,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 Belfast 6,205,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 London 2,635,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2011 Shield 25,415,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Cardiff 1,615,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Edinburgh 935,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2012 Shield 35,700,030 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Pound 2013 Shield 13,090,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 England 5,270,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 Wales 5,270,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2014 Shield 79,305,200 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Northern Ireland 5,780,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Scotland 5,185,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fourth Portrait) 29,580,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Pound 2015 Royal Arms 129,616,985 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fifth Portrait) 75,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2016 (Shield) 30,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Bimetallic 648,936,536 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2016 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2017 749,616,200 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2017 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2018 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2018 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 1988 Shield: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Pound (One year types)
Issued1988
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Mintage7,118,825, Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2017)
MaterialNickel Brass
DesignerDerek Gorringe
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)22.5000
Thickness (mm)3.1500
Mass (g)9.5000
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One Pound 1988 Shield: Photos
ImageDetails
1988 UK Coin £1 Silver Proof Royal Arms
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
1988 UK Coin £1 Silver Proof Royal Arms
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
1988 One Pound Coin
Copyright: Royal Mint
Source