One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant, Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 2017)
CoinOne Pound 1994 Lion Rampant

By 1980 it had become apparent that with the general decline in purchasing power, the £1 unit of currency was more appropriate to a coin than a banknote. After consultation with many groups including retailers and special interest groups, the Government announced on 31 July 1981 that a new £1 coin that was to be issued on 21 April 1983. Since its launch the £1 has always represented the United Kingdom and its constituent parts; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

The £1 coin in base metal (as opposed to the gold sovereign, which has a nominal face value of one pound too), nickel-brass was introduced in 1983, as a replacement for the £1 banknote. The reverse design of the first £1 coin showed a depiction of the Royal Coat of Arms, representing the United Kingdom as a whole. It was issued until 2015 in rotation with other designs representing Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England, alternating each year in that order.

Initially, Scotland was represented by the Thistle and Diadem type of one pound coins.

According to the Royal Mint, "The 1994 £1 coin began a new series of four which would again represent the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. The reverse design was modelled by Norman Sillman from a drawing by the College of Arms. The obverse is graced with Raphael Maklouf's timeless portrait of Her Majesty The Queen. The Latin motto of Scotland's most noble Order of the Thistle, NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT (no-one provokes me with impunity), forms the edge inscription." This design was issued only twice, in 1994 and 1999. Scotland was later represented by the 2004 Forth Railway Bridge One Pound coin, the 2011 Edinburgh One Pound and the 2014 One Pound with the floral emblem of Scotland.

Coins issued in 1994 circulated for 23 years until they were demonetised in 2017 and replaced with the current bimetallic one pound coin.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage29,997,217 (30.0 million), Rarity: C (Common)
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Obverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II, facing right (her effigy known as the "Third Portrait"). The Queen is wearing the royal diadem which she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament, a pearl necklace and earrings.

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date of issue: ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 1994.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant - reverse photo

At centre, within a double border decorated with fleurs-de-lis (known as "the royal tressure"), Lion Rampant representing Scotland. Around below, the denomination and value ONE POUND.

Reverse Inscription ONE POUND
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionNEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
29,752,525 coins released into circulation
177,971 brilliant uncirculated in sets
66,721 proofs

The rampant lion symbol depcited on the reverse was first used to represent the Scottish Kingdom by King Alexander II in the 13th century.

The edge inscription NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT means "No one provokes me with impunity", which is the Motto of the Order of the Thistle.

The design was re-issued in 2008 as a collector coin (in silver and gold) as part of a 14-coin commemorative set marking the 25th Anniversary of the £1 coin.

One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant: Known varieties
Variety Specimen in presentation folder
Mintage Issued: unknown
Variety In mint sets
Mintage Issued: 177,971 (included in total)
In Set 1994 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage 177,971
8 coins: £2 Bank of England, £1 Scottish Lion, 50p D-Day, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1994 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection (Baby Gift Set), mintage unknown (included in the above set)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 66,721 (included in total)
In Set 1994 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection, mintage 44,643
8 coins: £2 Bank of England, £1 Scottish Lion, 50p D-Day, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1994 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection (deluxe), mintage 22,078 (not included in the above set)
Variety Silver Proof FDC
Images United Kingdom / One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 25,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details

9.5 g sterling silver (0.2825 ASW), 22.50 mm.

Variety Silver Proof Piedfort
Images United Kingdom / One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant / Silver Proof Piedfort - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant / Silver Proof Piedfort - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 11,722
Material0.925 Silver
Details

19.00 g sterling silver (0.5650 ASW), 22.50 mm.

One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 2016 Coin description link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Mintage Sets mintage
All (53) coins of type: One Pound
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Pound 1983 Royal Arms 444,283,310 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Pound 1984 Thistle and Diadem 146,549,801 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem 228,735,989 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Pound 1986 Flax and Diadem 10,701,230 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Pound 1987 Oak Tree and Diadem 39,632,193 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Pound 1988 Shield 7,361,756 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Pound 1989 Thistle and Diadem 70,743,774 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Pound 1990 Leek and Diadem 97,450,960 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Pound 1991 Flax and Diadem 38,573,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Pound 1992 Oak Tree and Diadem 36,461,234 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Pound 1993 Royal Arms 114,867,525 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant 29,997,217 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Pound 1995 Dragon 34,669,787 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Pound 1996 Celtic Cross 90,040,082 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Pound 1997 Three Lions 57,364,751 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Pound 1998 Royal Arms 159,862 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Pound 1999 Lion Rampant 216,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Pound 2000 Dragon 109,686,719 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Pound 2001 Celtic Cross 64,075,178 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Pound 2002 Three Lions 77,939,309 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Pound 2003 Royal Arms 61,776,772 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge 39,320,042 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Pound 2005 Menai Bridge 99,576,565 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Pound 2006 Egyptian Arch Bridge 39,099,654 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Pound 2007 Millennium Bridge 26,315,579 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Pound 2008 Royal Arms 4,100,913 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2008 Shield 43,947,300 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2009 Shield 27,897,014 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Pound 2010 Shield 57,220,033 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 London 2,732,157 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 Belfast 6,303,899 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2011 Shield 25,499,981 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Cardiff 1,691,907 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Edinburgh 935,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2012 Shield 35,803,832 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Pound 2013 Shield 13,137,437 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 England 5,308,194 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 Wales 5,308,194 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2014 Shield 79,347,794 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Northern Ireland 5,811,821 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Scotland 5,216,821 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fourth Portrait) 29,625,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fifth Portrait) 25,285 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
One Pound 2015 Royal Arms 129,616,985 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2016 Shield (mint sets only) 48,830 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
One Pound 2016 Last Round Pound 250,182 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
One Pound 2016 Bimetallic 648,946,386 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2016 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2017 749,697,050 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2017 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2018 130,593,086 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2018 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2019 138,635,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2019 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2020 55,840,169 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2020 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2021 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2021 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2022 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait 2022 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
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One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Pound (Lion Rampant)
Issued1994
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf
ReverseRoyal Arms of Scotland
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Circulation Mintage29,752,525 (29.8 million)
Total Mintage29,997,217 (30.0 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentNo; demonetised 2017
MaterialNickel Brass
DesignerNorman Sillman
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size22.500 mm
Thickness3.150 mm
Mass9.500 g
OCC IDYMXK-DEKQ-CDAJ-EWQJ
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One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant: Photos
ImageDetails
1994 UK Coin £1 Silver Proof Scottish Lion
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
1994 UK Coin £1 Silver Proof Scottish Lion
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 1994
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 1994
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomJ9 (was 4337)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 967, KM# 967a (Silver)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P18 (Piedfort)