One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge, Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 2017)
CoinOne Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge

By 1980 it had become apparent that with the general decline in purchasing power, the £1 unit of currency was more appropriate to a coin than a banknote. After consultation with many groups including retailers and special interest groups, the Government announced on 31 July 1981 that a new £1 coin that was to be issued on 21 April 1983. Since its launch the £1 has always represented the United Kingdom and its constituent parts; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

The £1 coin in base metal (as opposed to the gold sovereign, which has a nominal face value of one pound too), nickel-brass was introduced in 1983, as a replacement for the £1 banknote. The reverse design of the first £1 coin showed a depiction of the Royal Coat of Arms, representing the United Kingdom as a whole. It was issued until 2015 in rotation with other designs representing Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England, alternating each year in that order.

Initially, Scotland was represented by the Thistle and Diadem type of one pound coins, then by the Lion Rampant One Pound.

The Forth Railway Bridge One Pound was the first of four coins in a new series featuring bridges. In a refreshing departure from the more traditional heraldic approach, the series features famous bridges in each of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom and makes for a fascinating tribute to British architecture and engineering achievement. Showing one of the major engineering achievements of the Victorian age, the intricate depiction of the Forth Rail Bridge (a cantilever railway bridge across the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland) on the 2004 £1 coin was designed by wood engraver Edwina Ellis.

Scotland was later represented by the 2011 Edinburgh One Pound and the 2014 One Pound with the floral emblem of Scotland.

Coins issued in 2004 circulated for 13 years until they were demonetised in 2017 and replaced with the current bimetallic one pound coin.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Mintage39,320,042 (39.3 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Obverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge - obverse photo

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2004. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 2004.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge - reverse photo

A representation of the Forth Railway Bridge inside a border of railway tracks. Around below, the denomination and value ONE POUND. The designer's initials EE (for Edwina Ellis) are visible at one of the column bases of the bridge.

Reverse Inscription ONE POUND
EdgeDecorative pattern symbolising bridges and pathways.Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
39,162,000 coins released into circulation
99,008 brilliant uncirculated in sets
24,014 specimen grade issued in presentation folder
35,020 proofs

The design was initially issued as a pattern in 2003.
An alternative design which was not approved was also issued as a pattern; see Unicorn of Scotland Pattern £1 2004.

The design was re-issued in 2008 as a collector coin (in silver and gold) as part of a 14-coin commemorative set marking the 25th Anniversary of the £1 coin.

One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge: Known varieties
Variety In mint sets
Mintage 99,008 (included in total)
Details

Brilliant uncirculated coins issued in 10-coin Royal Mint sets:
- Annual Brilliant Uncirculated Set 2004, Spink US27, Krause MSA138 - 46,032 issued
- Wedding Collection 2004, not listed in Spink, Krause MSB138 - 4,214 issued
- Baby Gift Set 2004, not listed in Spink, Krause MSC138 - 34,371 issued

Brilliant uncirculated coins issued in 3-coin Royal Mint sets:
£2 bimetallic Penydarren Engine, £1 Forth Railway Bridge, 50p Sub four-minute mile, Spink US28 - 14,391 issued

Variety Proof FDC
Mintage 35,020 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins issued in 11-coin Royal Mint sets:
- Annual Standard Proof Set 2004, Spink PS81, Krause PSD138 - 17,951 issued
- Deluxe Proof Set 2004 in red leather case, Spink PS82, Krause PSC138 - 12,968 issued
- Executive Proof Set 2004, Spink PS83, Krause PSB138 - 4,101 issued

Variety Specimen in presentation folder
Mintage 24,014 (included in total)
Variety Silver Proof FDC United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage 11,470
Material0.925 Silver
Details

9.50 g sterling silver (0.2825 ASW), 22.50 mm.

Variety Silver Proof Piedfort United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge / Silver Proof Piedfort - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge / Silver Proof Piedfort - reverse photo
Mintage 7,013
Material0.925 Silver
Details

19.00 g sterling silver (0.5650 ASW), 22.50 mm.

Variety Gold Proof FDC United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge / Gold Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge / Gold Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage 2,618
Material0.9167 Gold
Details

19.61 g of 22 carat gold (0.5779 AGW), 22.50 mm. 2,618 issued from 3,000 limit.

One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 2016 Coin description link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Royal Mint Mintage link Proofs and sets mintage
All (50) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: One Pound
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Pound 1983 Royal Arms 444,283,310 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Pound 1984 Thistle and Diadem 146,549,801 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem 228,735,989 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Pound 1986 Flax and Diadem 10,701,230 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Pound 1987 Oak Tree and Diadem 39,632,193 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Pound 1988 Shield 7,361,756 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Pound 1989 Thistle and Diadem 70,743,774 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Pound 1990 Leek and Diadem 97,450,960 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Pound 1991 Flax and Diadem 38,573,694 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Pound 1992 Oak Tree and Diadem 36,461,234 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Pound 1993 Royal Arms 114,867,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant 29,997,217 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Pound 1995 Dragon 34,669,787 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Pound 1996 Celtic Cross 90,040,082 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Pound 1997 Three Lions 57,364,751 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Pound 1998 Royal Arms 159,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Pound 1999 Lion Rampant 216,840 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Pound 2000 Dragon 109,686,719 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Pound 2001 Celtic Cross 64,075,178 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Pound 2002 Three Lions 77,939,309 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Pound 2003 Royal Arms 61,776,772 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge 39,320,042 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Pound 2005 Menai Bridge 99,576,565 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Pound 2006 Egyptian Arch Bridge 39,099,654 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Pound 2007 Millennium Bridge 26,315,579 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Pound 2008 Royal Arms 4,100,913 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2008 Shield 43,947,300 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2009 Shield 27,912,014 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Pound 2010 Shield 57,220,033 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 London 2,732,157 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 Belfast 6,303,899 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2011 Shield 25,443,974 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Cardiff 1,691,907 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Edinburgh 935,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2012 Shield 35,802,832 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Pound 2013 Shield 13,136,687 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 England 5,302,073 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 Wales 5,302,073 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2014 Shield 79,347,794 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Northern Ireland 5,811,821 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Scotland 5,185,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fourth Portrait) 29,580,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Pound 2015 Royal Arms 129,616,985 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fifth Portrait) 75,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2016 Shield 30,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Last Round Pound unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Bimetallic 648,936,536 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2016 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2017 749,616,200 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2017 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2018 130,560,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2018 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2019 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2019 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
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One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Pound (One year types)
Issued2004
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Mintage39,320,042 (39.3 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2017)
MaterialNickel Brass
DesignerEdwina Ellis
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)22.5000
Thickness (mm)3.1500
Mass (g)9.5000
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One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge: Photos
ImageDetails
2004 Forth Rail Bridge £1 Gold Proof Coin
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Gold Proof.
Source
2004 Forth Rail Bridge £1 Gold Proof Coin
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Gold Proof.
Source
2004 UK Coin £1 Silver Proof Forth Rail Bridge
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
2004 UK Coin £1 Silver Proof Forth Rail Bridge
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
2004 One Pound Coin | The Royal Mint
Copyright: Royal Mint
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 2004
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomJ18 (was 4595)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 1048, KM# 1048a (Silver)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 1048b (Gold)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P44 (Piedfort)