Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English), Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English), Coin from United Kingdom
CoinTwo Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English)

The £2 coins in base metal (as opposed to the gold double sovereign, which has a nominal face value of one pound too), nickel-brass, were introduced in 1986. They were modelled on the gold issues, having the same weight and diameter, although thicker - since gold is heavier than base metal. It is not uncommon for people to think they have found a gold coin in their change; however, a true gold coin would be struck in a proof finish and would have a more coppery colour.

The entire series of seven different designs in five different years were all commemorative coins, produced largely to appeal to collectors. All are available in different metals versions (nickel-brass, silver and gold). Due to their low mintage, these coins are collected and kept by the public and do not circulate in any realistic manner.

To celebrate the Tercentenary (300th anniversary) of the Declaration of Rights in 1689, two different 2-pound coins were issued in 1989. The two coins differ only in the detail of their reverse designs. Both were designed by John Lobban, and depict the cypher of William and Mary, the House of Commons mace, and stylised representations of St. Edward's Crown and the Crown of Scotland, respectively.

This (the English) version has the inscription TERCENTENARY OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS, while the Scottish version reads TERCENTENARY OF THE CLAIM OF RIGHT. Uncharacteristically for British coins, the date is on the reverse, while the value and denomination are on the obverse.

After 1996, the bi-metallic Technology type £2 coin was issued, and all later £2 coins have been bi-metallic. Even though this coin type was superseded by the modern bi-metallic format, these coins are still legal tender.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage4,541,704 (4.5 million)
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Obverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English) - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II, facing right (her effigy known as the "Third Portrait"). The Queen is wearing the royal diadem which she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament, a pearl necklace and earrings.

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend: ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

Note that the value and denomination, · TWO POUNDS ·, are on the obverse.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Reverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English) - reverse photo

At centre, Royal Cypher of "W&M" (interlaced letters W and M representing King William III and Queen Mary II) surmounting a horizontal Parliamentary Mace; above, a representation of the Royal Crown (St. Edward's Crown); below, the intertwined dates 1689 and 1989.

Around, the inscription TERCENTENARY OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS.

Reverse Inscription TERCENTENARY OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS 1689 1989
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
4,432,000 circulation coins
25,000 specimens issued in two-coin presentation folder
84,704 proofs
Off-metal strikes not included.

Historical background:

On 13th February 1689, Prince William and Princess Mary of Orange were presented with a document by the Lords and Commons that marked a major change in the course of British parliamentary history. The document stemmed from the revolutionary events of 1688 which influenced the social, economic, and political development of democratic countries around the world.

Known as the Declaration of Rights, this document sought to prevent a repetition of the abuses of In Scotland, William and Mary were recognised as King and Queen by the Convention of Estates on 11th April 1689. This Convention adopted a Claim of Right which largely corresponds to the Bill of Rights in England.

The effects of the Bill of Rights and Claim of Right - free and regular elections, freedom of speech in Parliament, the proper distribution of governmental power, and protection of the rights of subjects and citizens - can be seen today in the way in which parliamentary government is conducted in the United Kingdom and in other countries around the world.

The ceremonial mace shown on the reverse evolved from the close-combat weaponry of the mounted knight. As maces grew more ornamental in design, they gradually became a symbol of prestige and, by the later middle ages, the use of a mace as an emblem of office was widespread in England.
The present House of Commons mace, originally made in 1660 and ornately decorated with the Royal Arms, is symbolic of the authority of Parliament.

Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English): Known varieties
Variety Specimen in folder
Mintage Issued: 25,000 (included in total)
In Set The 1989 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated £2 Coins, mintage 25,000
2 coins: £2 Bill of Rights (English), £2 Claim of Right (Scottish)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 84,704 (included in total)
In Set United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection 1989, mintage 85,704
9 coins: £2 Bill of Rights (English), £2 Claim of Right (Scottish), £1 Scottish Thistle, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection 1989 (deluxe), mintage unknown, limited to 100,000 (included in the above set)
Variety Proof, partially non frosted
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)
Details

"Collectors Coins Great Britain" says that "proofs that were part of a Bass Charrington promotion appear to have a non frosted bust of the Queen".

Variety Silver Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 24,852
Material0.925 Silver
Details

Diameter 28.40 mm, 15.98 g of sterling silver (92.50%), ASW 0.4752 oz. Issued in pair with the Scottish type silver proof.

Variety Silver Proof Piedfort
Mintage Issued: 10,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details

Diameter 28.40 mm, 31.96 g of sterling silver (92.50%), ASW 0.9505 oz. Issued in pair with the Scottish type silver proof piedfort.

Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Collectors Coins Great Britain Mintage
All (70) coins of type: Two Pounds
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Pounds 1986 XIII Commonwealth Games 8,484,005 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English) 4,541,704 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Claim of Right (Scottish) 455,704 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1994 Bank of England 1,687,808 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 WW2 5,166,286 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 United Nations 1,750,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1996 Football 5,312,555 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1997 Technology 13,924,930 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D
Two Pounds 1998 Technology 91,270,237 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Technology 33,719,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Rugby World Cup 5,149,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2000 Technology 25,960,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Technology 35,091,863 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Marconi 4,665,113 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Technology 13,146,059 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - England 702,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Scotland 823,944 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Wales 640,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Northern Ireland 537,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 Technology 17,687,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 DNA 4,497,080 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Technology 12,101,137 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Trevithick 5,195,399 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Technology 3,959,513 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Gunpowder Plot 5,274,807 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 World War II 10,244,686 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Technology 16,752,689 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Portrait 8,120,612 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Achievements 7,602,742 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Technology 10,308,215 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union 7,683,956 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Slave Trade 8,583,781 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2008 Technology 30,222,451 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 London Olympic Games 1908 1,112,171 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 Olympic Games Handover 965,765 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2009 Technology 8,915,770 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2009 Burns 3,513,993 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2009 ·
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin 4,163,483 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Technology 6,920,844 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Florence Nightingale 6,279,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2010 ·
Two Pounds 2011 Technology 24,404,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2011 King James Bible 1,060,242 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2011 Mary Rose 1,121,987 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2011 ·
Two Pounds 2012 Technology 3,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2012 Charles Dickens 8,237,838 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2012 Olympic Games Handover 873,356 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2013 Technology 15,907,187 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2013 Anniversary of the Guinea 3,032,422 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Roundel 1,612,979 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Train 1,744,079 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2014 Technology 18,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 Trinity House 3,743,510 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 WW1 - Outbreak 5,798,836 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Technology 35,405,820 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 66,636 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 72,827 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fifth Portrait) 1,495,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fifth Portrait) 650,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Britannia 675,285 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Britannia 2,925,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Army 9,605,341 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Histories 5,719,676 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Comedies 4,416,835 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Tragedies 4,679,885 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Great Fire of London 1,689,347 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2017 Britannia (mint sets only) 51,656 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Two Pounds 2018 Britannia (mint sets only) 33,086 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
Two Pounds 2019 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
Two Pounds 2020 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
Two Pounds 2021 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2021 ·
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Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeTwo Pounds, Nickel-Brass
Issued1989
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf
ReverseSt Edward's Crown
Face Value2 (x Pound)
Circulation Mintage4,432,000 (4.4 million)
Total Mintage4,541,704 (4.5 million)
CurrentYes
MaterialNickel-Brass
DesignerJohn Lobban
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size28.400 mm
Mass15.976 g
OCC IDGRNA-ZEGW-CBBJ-EXJL
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Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English): Photos
ImageDetails
1989 UK Coin £2 Ordinary Circulation Bill of Rights
Copyright: Chards
Source
1989 UK Coin £2 Ordinary Circulation Bill of Rights
Copyright: Chards
Source
Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomK2 (was 4312)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 960
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 960a (Silver)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P10 (Silver Piedfort)