Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinTwo Pounds 2007 Act of Union

The bi-metallic £2 coin is the largest circulating coin denomination of the Pound Sterling. It was introduced in 1998 (earlier two pound coins were made of Nickel brass, were intended as commemorative, and did not circulate much). Being bi-metallic means that the coin comprises two separate components of differing alloys - a Nickel-Brass outer ring with inner circle of CuproNickel.

The Royal Mint maintains a "definitive" style of the £2 issued annually, as well as a large variety of one-year circulating commemorative types and some Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) £2 coins for collectors. Between 1997 and 2015, the definitive type was the Technology type £2, which was then changed to the Britannia type £2.

The one-year type coins celebrate important anniversaries or people, as well as iconic aspects of British culture and history.

This circulating commemorative £2 coin marks the Tercentenary (300th anniversary) of the Act of Union between England and Scotland.

When King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England in 1603, the two countries were united under one monarchy. Over the course of the seventeenth century, there were several attempts to bring about a closer union between the two countries but more than a century passed before Scotland and England were finally united under one Parliament. The Act of Union was passed in 1707.

£2 coins issued in 2007 have now been in circulation for 13 years.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage7,683,956 (7.7 million)
Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases
Obverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union - obverse photo

The obverse of the coins shows the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In small letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend: ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·. Translated ffrom Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Reverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union - reverse photo

The reverse design, divided into four parts, symbolises the joining of Scotland and England in a political union through a rose and thistle (symbols of England and Scotland respectively) growing from a single stem, accompanied by a portcullis to signify Parliament and overlaid with a linking device of a jigsaw.

The value and denomination TWO POUNDS are divided, and divide, the anniversary dates 1707 2007.

The artist's initials YH (for Yvonne Holten) are incuse in the top left quadrant, under the thistle's stem.

Reverse Inscription TWO POUNDS 1707 2007
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionUNITED INTO ONE KINGDOM
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
7,545,000 coins released into circulation
8,863 brilliant uncirculated in presentation folder
91,878 brilliant uncirculated in sets
38,215 proofs
Off-metal strikes not included.

Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union: Known varieties
Variety Brilliant Uncirculated in presentation folder
Mintage Issued: 8,863
Variety In mint sets
Mintage Issued: 91,878 (included in total)
In Set 2007 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage 91,878
9 coins: £2 Act of Union, £2 Slave Trade, £1 Millennium Bridge, 50p Scouting, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 38,215 (included in total)
In Set United Kingdom 2007 Proof Coin Collection, mintage 18,215
12 coins: £5 Diamond Wedding, £2 Technology, £2 Act of Union, £2 Slave Trade, £1 Millennium Bridge, 50p Britannia, 50p Scouting, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: United Kingdom 2007 Proof Coin Collection (Deluxe), mintage 15,000 (not included in the above set)
- variety: United Kingdom 2007 Executive Proof Set, mintage 5,000 (not included in the above set)
Variety Silver Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 8,310
Material0.925 Silver
In Set The United Kingdom Family Silver Collection 2007, mintage unknown
6 coins: £5 Diamond Wedding, £2 (1oz) Britannia, £2 Act of Union, £2 Slave Trade, £1 Millennium Bridge, 50p Scouting
Variety Silver Proof Piedfort
Mintage Issued: 4,000
Material0.925 Silver
Variety Gold Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 750
Material0.917 Gold
Variety Error edge
Mintage Issued: unknown. Rarity: R7 (Highest rarity possible, 3 or less examples known)
Details

The edge reads "AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER" as on the Abolition of Slave Trade £2, probably due to a mixing up of coin blanks (the edge gets impressed into them before the reverse and obverse are struck). According to Spink, there is at least one example confirmed by the Royal Mint.

Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Coin description link
Royal Mint 14th October 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Royal Mint Mintage link Varieties mintage
All (69) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: Two Pounds
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Pounds 1986 XIII Commonwealth Games 8,484,005 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English) 4,541,704 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Claim of Right (Scottish) 455,704 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1994 Bank of England 1,687,808 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 WW2 5,166,286 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 United Nations 1,750,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1996 Football 5,312,555 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1997 Technology 13,924,930 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D
Two Pounds 1998 Technology 91,270,237 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Technology 33,719,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Rugby World Cup 5,149,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2000 Technology 25,960,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Technology 35,091,863 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Marconi 4,665,113 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Technology 13,146,059 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - England 702,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Scotland 823,944 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Wales 640,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Northern Ireland 537,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 Technology 17,687,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 DNA 4,497,080 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Technology 12,101,137 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Trevithick 5,195,399 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Technology 3,959,513 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Gunpowder Plot 5,274,807 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 World War II 10,244,686 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Technology 16,752,689 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Portrait 8,120,612 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Achievements 7,602,742 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Technology 10,308,215 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union 7,683,956 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Slave Trade 8,583,781 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2008 Technology 30,222,451 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 London Olympic Games 1908 1,112,171 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 Olympic Games Handover 965,765 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2009 Technology 8,915,770 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2009 Burns 3,513,993 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2009 ·
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin 4,163,483 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Technology 6,920,844 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Florence Nightingale 6,279,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2010 ·
Two Pounds 2011 Technology 24,404,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2011 King James Bible 1,060,242 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2011 Mary Rose 1,121,987 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2011 ·
Two Pounds 2012 Technology 3,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2012 Charles Dickens 8,237,838 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2012 Olympic Games Handover 873,356 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2013 Technology 15,907,187 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2013 Anniversary of the Guinea 3,032,422 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Roundel 1,612,979 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Train 1,744,079 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2014 Technology 18,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 Trinity House 3,743,510 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 WW1 - Outbreak 5,798,836 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Technology 35,405,820 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 66,636 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 72,827 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fifth Portrait) 1,495,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fifth Portrait) 650,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Britannia 675,285 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Britannia 2,925,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Army 9,605,341 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Histories 5,719,676 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Comedies 4,416,835 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Tragedies 4,679,885 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Great Fire of London 1,689,347 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2017 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Two Pounds 2018 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
Two Pounds 2019 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
Two Pounds 2020 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
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Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeTwo Pounds (One year types)
Issued2007
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value2 (x Pound)
Circulation Mintage7,545,000 (7.5 million)
Total Mintage7,683,956 (7.7 million)
CurrentYes
MaterialBimetallic
DesignerYvonne Holten
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size28.400 mm
Thickness2.500 mm
Mass12.000 g
OCC IDPNXY-DENZ-CQMZ-EVRB
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Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union: Photos
ImageDetails
2007 Act of Union £2
Copyright: Royal Mint
Source
Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomK22 (was 4583), K22A Error edge
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 1076, 1076a Silver, 1076b Gold
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P62 (Silver Piedfort)