Two Pounds 2009 Darwin, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Two Pounds 2009 Darwin, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinTwo Pounds 2009 Darwin

The bi-metallic £2 coin is the largest circulating coin denomination of the Pound Sterling. It was introduced in 1998 (earlier two pound coins were made of Nickel brass, were intended as commemorative, and did not circulate much). Being bi-metallic means that the coin comprises two separate components of differing alloys - a Nickel-Brass outer ring with inner circle of CuproNickel.

The Royal Mint maintains a "definitive" style of the £2 issued annually, as well as a large variety of one-year circulating commemorative types and some Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) £2 coins for collectors. Between 1997 and 2015, the definitive type was the Technology type £2, which was then changed to the Britannia type £2.

The one-year type coins celebrate important anniversaries or people, as well as iconic aspects of British culture and history.

This circulating commemorative £2 coin marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin, as well as the 150th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species.

Charles Robert Darwin (1809 - 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. His proposition that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors is now widely accepted, and considered a foundational concept in science. In a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, he introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history, and he was honoured by burial in Westminster Abbey.

Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book "On the Origin of Species". By the 1870s, the scientific community and a majority of the educated public had accepted evolution as a fact. However, many favoured competing explanations which gave only a minor role to natural selection, and it was not until the emergence of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s that a broad consensus developed in which natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. Darwin's scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, explaining the diversity of life.

£2 coins issued in 2009 have now been in circulation for 13 years.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage4,163,483 (4.2 million)
Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases
(affiliate ad)
Obverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 2009 Darwin - obverse photo

The obverse of the coins shows the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In small letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend: ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·. Translated ffrom Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Reverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 2009 Darwin - reverse photo

The reverse features a profile portrait of Charles Darwin facing a chimpanzee.

Around above, the anniversary dates separated by the name of the scientist: 1809 · DARWIN · 2009; around below, the value and denomination: TWO POUNDS.

Reverse Inscription 1809 · DARWIN · 2009 TWO POUNDS
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES 1859
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
3,903,000 coins released into circulation
119,713 brilliant uncirculated in presentation folder
106,332 brilliant uncirculated in sets (uncertain, see note below)
34,438 proofs

Two Pounds 2009 Darwin: Known varieties
Variety Brilliant Uncirculated in presentation folder
Mintage Issued: 119,713 (included in total)
Variety In mint sets
Mintage Issued: 106,332 (included in total)
Details

On its web site, the Royal Mint lists only "sets" for the year, with combined mintage of 106,332. However, some of them do not contain this coin so its mintage is somewhat lower (by an unknown number).

In Set 2009 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage unknown, limited to 100,000
11 coins: £2 Technology, £2 Burns, £2 Darwin, £1 Royal Shield, 50p, 50p Kew Gardens, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 2009 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection (Baby Gift Set), mintage unknown (included in the above set)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 34,438 (included in total)
In Set The 2009 UK Proof Coin Set, mintage 34,438
12 coins: £5 King Henry VIII, £2 Technology, £2 Burns, £2 Darwin, £1 Royal Shield, 50p, 50p Kew Gardens, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: The 2009 UK Proof Coin Set (Deluxe), mintage unknown, limited to 15,000 (included in the above set)
- variety: The 2009 UK Executive Proof Coin Set, mintage unknown, limited to 5,000 (included in the above set)
Variety Silver Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 9,357
Material0.925 Silver
In Sets The 2009 UK Silver Proof Coin Set, mintage 2,749
12 coins: £5 King Henry VIII, £2 Technology, £2 Burns, £2 Darwin, £1 Royal Shield, 50p, 50p Kew Gardens, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p

The 2009 UK Family Silver Proof Collection, mintage unknown, limited to 1,500
6 coins: £5 King Henry VIII, £2 Britannia, £1 Shield, £2 Burns, £2 Darwin, 50p Kew Gardens
Variety Silver Proof Piedfort
Mintage Issued: 3,282
Material0.925 Silver
In Set The 2009 UK Silver Proof Piedfort Four-Coin Collection, mintage unknown, limited to 2,500
4 coins: £5 King Henry VIII, £2 Burns, £2 Darwin, 50p Kew Gardens
Variety Gold Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 1,000
Material0.917 Gold
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint Coin description link
Royal Mint 14th October 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Royal Mint Mintage link Varieties mintage
All (71) coins of type: Two Pounds
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Pounds 1986 XIII Commonwealth Games 8,484,005 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English) 4,541,704 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Claim of Right (Scottish) 455,704 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1994 Bank of England 1,687,808 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 WW2 5,166,286 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 United Nations 1,750,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1996 Football 5,312,555 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1997 Technology 13,924,930 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D
Two Pounds 1998 Technology 91,270,237 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Technology 33,719,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Rugby World Cup 5,149,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2000 Technology 25,960,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Technology 35,091,863 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Marconi 4,665,113 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Technology 13,146,059 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - England 702,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Scotland 823,944 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Wales 640,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Northern Ireland 537,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 Technology 17,687,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 DNA 4,497,080 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Technology 12,101,137 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Trevithick 5,195,399 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Technology 3,959,513 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Gunpowder Plot 5,274,807 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 World War II 10,244,686 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Technology 16,752,689 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Portrait 8,120,612 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Achievements 7,602,742 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Technology 10,308,215 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union 7,683,956 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Slave Trade 8,583,781 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2008 Technology 30,222,451 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 London Olympic Games 1908 1,112,171 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 Olympic Games Handover 965,765 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2009 Technology 8,915,770 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2009 Burns 3,513,993 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2009 ·
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin 4,163,483 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Technology 6,920,844 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Florence Nightingale 6,279,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2010 ·
Two Pounds 2011 Technology 24,404,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2011 King James Bible 1,060,242 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2011 Mary Rose 1,121,987 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2011 ·
Two Pounds 2012 Technology 3,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2012 Charles Dickens 8,237,838 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2012 Olympic Games Handover 873,356 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2013 Technology 15,907,187 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2013 Anniversary of the Guinea 3,032,422 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Roundel 1,612,979 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Train 1,744,079 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2014 Technology 18,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 Trinity House 3,743,510 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 WW1 - Outbreak 5,798,836 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Technology 35,405,820 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 66,636 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 72,827 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fifth Portrait) 1,495,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fifth Portrait) 650,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Britannia 675,285 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Britannia 2,925,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Army 9,605,341 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Histories 5,719,676 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Comedies 4,416,835 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Tragedies 4,679,885 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Great Fire of London 1,689,347 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2017 Britannia (mint sets only) 51,656 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Two Pounds 2018 Britannia (mint sets only) 33,086 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
Two Pounds 2019 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
Two Pounds 2020 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
Two Pounds 2021 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2021 ·
Two Pounds 2022 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2022 ·
Advertising
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeTwo Pounds (One year types)
Issued2009
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value2 (x Pound)
Circulation Mintage3,903,000 (3.9 million)
Total Mintage4,163,483 (4.2 million)
CurrentYes
MaterialBimetallic
DesignerSuzie Zamit
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size28.400 mm
Thickness2.500 mm
Mass12.000 g
OCC IDDRMK-GEZA-CXRD-ONXQ
Share or Bookmark this Page
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, 2 Pounds, 2009
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, 2 Pounds, 2009
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomK25 (was 4586)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 1115, 1115a Silver, 1115b Gold
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P66 (Silver Proof Piedfort)